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Safety Consideration in Industry

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Safety Consideration in Industry. AIM OF THE PRESENTATION. ... Management review. Question Hour. Any Questions Please? THANKING YOU. Wishing you all the Best! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety Consideration in Industry


1
Safety Consideration in Industry

2
AIM OF THE PRESENTATION.
  • To build awareness on importance of safety in
    industries.
  • Basic safety knowledge for Engineers.

3
Benefits of safety in Business
  • Good morale of employees.
  • Less Insurance costs.
  • Improved productivity.
  • Less absenteeism.
  • Builds reputation of the industry.
  • Pre-requisite for qualifying in tender.

4
Safety incidents in UAE
  • Dubai Dry dock death.
  • Collapse of scaffold in Dubai airport project.
  • Fire accident in Oasis center, Dubai.

5
Why Safety?
  • Moral
  • Economic
  • Legal

6
Establishing Safety
  • Employee attitude Behavior.
  • Training.
  • Rewarding.
  • Motivation.
  • Provide appropriate tools equipment.
  • Plan a job to complete it safely.

7
Measurement of Safety
  • Safe man hours without Lost Time Accident (LTA)
  • number of employees X no. of working hours ,
    they worked safely.
  • If any LTA occurs, the safe man hours is reset to
    zero.

8
Commonly used words in safety
  • Hazard Potential to cause harm to people
    equipment.
  • Risk - The likelihood of such occurring.
  • Risk assessment Risk in executing job is
    assessed before any job is started.
  • Control measures The precautions taken for
    doing a job safely, based on risk assessment.

9
Types of Hazard
  • Physical
  • Electrical
  • Mechanical
  • Chemical

10
Hazard in Construction Industry
  • Fall of material from height.
  • Fall of men from height.
  • Cave- in.
  • Failure of cranes escalators.
  • Manual handling- Back Injury.
  • Skin allergy Occupational Disease.

11
Hazard in Process Industry
  • Physical hazards such as trip, slip and fall.
  • Fire hazard.
  • Chemical hazards
  • Electrical hazards
  • Mechanical hazard

12
Re-classification of safety hazard.
  • Equipment and job related.
  • Tool related.
  • Area related.

13
Risk study
  • Consider an activity to be assessed.
  • Breakdown in to small steps.
  • Identify the hazard
  • Analyze the effect of hazard
  • Study , how many people are affected.
  • Apply appropriate control measures.

14
Probability
  • Frequent.
  • Probable.
  • Occasional.
  • Remote.
  • Improbable.

15
Severity
  • Catastrophic Death or system loss or damage.
  • Critical Severe Injury and occupational Illness
    and severe system damage.
  • Marginal Minor injury and occupational Illness
    and minor system damage.
  • Negligible Less than a minor injury or and minor
    system damage.

16
Risk Rating
  • Risk Rating Probability X Severity

17
Methods of Risk assessment
  • Hazard Operability studies ( HAZOP)
  • Hazard Identification ( HAZID)
  • Hazard Analysis ( HAZAN)
  • Preliminary hazard analysis (PHA).
  • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA).
  • Failure mode and effect Analysis (FMEA)

18
Stages of Hazard Analysis
  • Design phase
  • Construction / procurement / installation stage.
  • Integration / test / check out phase.

19
Control of safety hazards
  • Elimination
  • Substitution
  • Isolation
  • Control Administrative Engineering.
  • Personnel Protective Equipment ( PPE)

20
OHSAS 18001
  • Abbreviated as Occupational health Safety
    Assessment Series.
  • International Safety Management system.
  • Originated from British Standards Institution
    (BSI)
  • Calls for Management commitment to safety.

21
Elements of OHSAS 18001
  • Safety Policy.
  • Safety Procedure.
  • Implementation Management.
  • Safety Audits.
  • Corrective preventive action.
  • Management review.

22
Question Hour
  • Any Questions Please?

23
THANKING YOU
  • Wishing you all the Best!
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