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Renaissance

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The Sistine Madonna. MICHELANGELO. CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE GREATEST ARTIST OF ALL TIME ... MADONNA OF THE ROCKS. VIRGIN OF THE ROCKS. RENAISSANCE LITERATURE ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • REBIRTH OF CULTURE AND PASSION

2
Renaissance
  • REBIRTH OF GREEK AND ROMAN IDEALS AND INSIGHTS
  • STARTS IN ITALY ABOUT 1350 AND TAKES OFF BY 1450
  • INDIVIDUAL BECAME VERY IMPORTANT

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HUMANISM
  • Francesco Petrarch Father of Humanism
  • Humanism is based in the belief of mans power to
    truly experience and affect life

5
NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI
  • The Prince
  • Fear gains better results than love
  • Whatever it takes
  • The end always justifies the means
  • Based leaders of the time

6
TIME FOR CHANGE
  • Art
  • Writing and Literature
  • Science
  • Education
  • CREATIVITY EXPLODES

7
GREAT ARTISTS
  • Sandro Botticelli
  • Famous works include
  • Adoration of the Magi
  • The Birth of Venus

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Donatello
  • Mainly religious sculptures
  • Famous works
  • David in bronze
  • Penitent Magdalene

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Raphael Santi
  • Youngest of the three giants of the Renaissance
  • Famous works
  • School of Athens
  • Crucifixion of Christ
  • St. Catherine
  • The Sistine Madonna

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MICHELANGELO
  • CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE GREATEST ARTIST OF
    ALL TIME
  • FAMOUS WORKS
  • DAVID
  • SISTINE CHAPEL
  • LA PIETA

16
Michelangelo
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Leonardo di Vinci
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DI VINCI THE RENAISSANCE MAN
  • Artist
  • Musician
  • Architect
  • Mathematician
  • Scientist
  • Inventor
  • Brilliant mind for details
  • Famous for art, science, sculpture
  • He was truly the greatest of the Renaissance
    movement

27
  • FAMOUS WORKS
  • MONA LISA
  • LAST SUPPER
  • VITRUVIAN MAN
  • MADONNA OF THE ROCKS
  • VIRGIN OF THE ROCKS

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MADONNA OF THE ROCKS
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VIRGIN OF THE ROCKS
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RENAISSANCE LITERATURE
  • Dante Alighieri- The Divine Comedy The tale of
    his journey from hell to heaven (inferno,
    purgatory, paradise)
  • Father of Modern Italian
  • Geoffrey Chaucer -Canterbury Tales
  • This collection standardized the modern English
    Lanuage

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DANTES 7 DEADLY SINS
  • PRIDE
  • ENVY
  • WRATH
  • GLUTTONY
  • LUST
  • AVARICE
  • SLOTH

40
  • The church made a division between sins which
    were venial and could be forgiven without the
    need for the sacrament of Confession and those
    which were capital and merited damnation. Capital
    or Deadly Sins were so called because they could
    have a fatal effect on an individuals spiritual
    health. British wall paintings stressed the
    connection between committing the Deadly Sins and
    ending up in Hell.
  • Pope Gregory the Great (d. 604) described Seven
    Deadly Sins in his Moralia in Job

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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
  • BORN IN 1564
  • PLAYWRITE---POET
  • FAMOUS WORKS
  • HAMLET
  • ROMEO JULIET
  • MACBETH
  • MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DREAM
  • OTHELLO

43
  • "Good night, sweet prince, and flights of angels
    sing thee to thy rest"Hamlet, Act v, Sc.2
  • "To thine own self be true and it must follow,
    as the night the day, thou can'st not then be
    false to any man"Hamlet, Act i, Sc.3
  • COUNTLESS WORDS TO THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE SWAGGER,
    GLOOMY, ELBOW, EXCITEMENT, MIMIC, ETC

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End of the Renaissance
46
PROTESTANT REFORMATION
  • COMMON PEOPLE ANGRY WITH THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
  • CONCERNED WITH POLITICS
  • MONEY, INDULGENCES, SECULAR ISSUES
  • PEOPLE BEGAN TO SEARCH FOR ANSWERS OUTSIDE OF THE
    CHURCH

47
MARTIN LUTHER
  • GERMAN MONK
  • LEADER OF THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
  • NAILED 95 THESIS (COMPLAINTS) TO THE DOOR OF THE
    CATHOLIC CHURCH IN GERMANY
  • BEGAN THE REFORMATION

48
  • BELIEVED ALL PEOPLE WERE EQUAL IN FAITH AND IN
    THE EYES OF GOD
  • CEREMONIES DO NOT FORGIVE SINS, NOR DOES WEALTH
  • BIBLE IS THE HIGHEST AUTHORITY AND SHOULD BE
    AVAILABLE TO ALL
  • ALL YOU NEED TO ENTER HEAVEN IS INNER FAITH IN GOD

49
RESULTS
  • ABOLISHED CEREMONIES BAPTISM AND COMMUNION
    REMAINED
  • TRANSLATED BIBLE TO GERMAN
  • LUTHER WAS EXCOMMUNICATED
  • CREATION OF THE PROTESTANT FAITH
  • MANY NEW CHURCHES SPRANG UP AND THE CATHOLIC
    CHURCHS POWER FADED

50
CATHOLIC RESPONSE
  • CREATED A MORE SPRITUAL CHURCH
  • NO MORE INDULGENCES
  • DISCIPLINED THEIR CLERGY
  • THE INQUISITION
  • INDEX OF CANON LAWS OF CATHOLISM
  • KEPT-CEREMONIES, GRACE THROUGH ONLY THE CATHOLIC
    CHURCH, HEAVEN DEPENDS SOLEY ON GRACE AND GOOD
    WORKS

51
END OF THE REFORMATION
52
SCIENCTIFIC REVOLUTION
  • COPERNICUS
  • GALILEO
  • FRANCIS BACON
  • RENE DESCARTES
  • ISSAC NEWTON
  • ANTOINE MARIE LAVOISIER

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ORIGINS OF THOUGHT
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Men of Science
  • Copernicus- geocentric v. heliocentric
  • Kepler- improved on theories of Copernicus
  • Isaac Newton- Gravity Newtonian Physics

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SIR ISSAC NEWTON
59
RENE DESCARTES
  • APPLIED SCIENCTIFIC METHOD TO PHILOSOPHY
  • CARTERSIAN GEOMETRY (ALGEBRAGEOMETRY)
  • I THINK, THEREFORE I AM

60
FRANCIS BACON
  • APPLICATION OF AN INTRODUCTION OF THE
    SCIENCITIFIC METHOD
  • NOVUM ORGANUM THE NEW TOOL FOR LEARNING

61
SCIENCITIFIC ADVANCES
  • Telescope
  • Microscope
  • Barometer
  • Medical Advances
  • Thermometer

62
  • Galileo Telescope
  • planets rotate on Axis
  • all objects fall at the same speed
  • THREATENED WITH DEATH UNLESS HE REVERTED HIS IDEAS

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IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS
  • A. LAVOISIER CONSIDERED THE FATHER OF MODERN
    CHEMSITRY
  • ROBERT BOYLE BOYLES LAWP1V1 P2V2 (PRESSURE
    AND VOLUME)
  • ROBERT HOOKE THE CELL
  • EDWARD JENNER SMALL POX VACCINE
  • WILLIAM HARVEY BLOOD CIRCULATION
  • LOUIS PASTUER PASTUERIZATION

66
CHANGE FROM WONDER TO RATIONALISM
  • THE DISCOVERS OF THE SCIENCTIST OF THIS PERIOD
    ENDED THE RENAISSANCE AND THE NEED TO ANWER
    QUESTIONS WENT AWAY FROM THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND
    TO THE MEN OF SCIENCE

67
END OF SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
68
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  • Enlightenment thinkers thought that like laws in
    natural science, there were laws governing human
    society. Laws of nature (natural laws) give
    people rights of life, liberty and property. Men
    can build a fair society based on reason
    (rationality). They challenged the theory of
    "Divine Right of Kings."

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ENLIGHTENMENT
  • THOMAS HOBBES LEVIATHAN
  • JOHN LOCKE NATURAL RIGHTS
  • BARON DE MONTESQUIEU SEPARATION OF POWERS
  • VOLTAIRE FATHER OF FREE SPEECH
  • JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU THE SOCIAL CONTRACT
  • MAN IS BORN FREE BUT EVERYWHERE ELSE HE IS IN
    CHAINS

71

72
RELIGIOUS REFORM
  • JOHN WESLEY FOUNDER OF METHODISTS
  • JONATHAN EDWARDS SINNERS IN THE HANDS OF AN
    ANGRY GOD

73
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