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Florida School Partners, P'L' 4000 Ponce de Leon Blvd', Ste' 470 Coral Gables, Florida 33146

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... student the right to take their state education funds from their home school ... 'Fair Access' Theory of School Vouchers. 4. 5. DE. MD. GA. VA. UT. RI. CT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Florida School Partners, P'L' 4000 Ponce de Leon Blvd', Ste' 470 Coral Gables, Florida 33146


1
Florida School Partners, P.L. 4000 Ponce de Leon
Blvd., Ste. 470 Coral Gables, Florida 33146
  • Special Needs School Vouchers
  • Greater Options But Fewer Rights
  • Presented by Allison Hertog, J.D., M.A.
  • COPAA Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA
  • March 8, 2008

www.MakingSchoolWork.com
2
Introduction
  • What Is a Special Needs School Voucher?
  • Gives a disabled student the right to take their
    state education funds from their home school and
    apply that money to a private school tuition or
    to another public school of their choice.
  • Vouchers in Historical Context
  • Growing and powerful U.S. movement stemming from
    parents deep dissatisfaction with public
    schools. Fundamental break with the nearly
    century-old idea of a one best system of public
    education. That break has its roots in Brown v.
    Bd. of Ed. desegregation decision.

3
Market Theory of School Vouchers
  • Premise Parents are best judges of their
    childs school.

4
Fair Access Theory of School Vouchers
5
States with Special Needs Scholarship Programs
WA
ME
VT
MT
ND
NH
MN
OR
MA
NY
ID
WI
SD
RI
MI
WY
CT
PA
IA
NJ
NE
OH
NV
DC
IN
DE
IL
UT
WV
MD
VA
CO
CA
KS
MO
KY
NC
TN
OK
AZ
SC
AR
NM
GA
AL
MS
TX
LA
AK
FL
HI
6
  • Momentum Building for Special Needs Vouchers
    Nationwide

7
Special Needs Voucher Bills in 2007
WA
MT
ND
NH
MN
OR
MA
NY
WI
ID
SD
RI
MI
WY
CT
PA
IA
NJ
NE
OH
DC
NV
IN
DE
IL
UT
WV
VA
MD
CO
CA
KS
KY
MO
NC
TN
OK
AZ
SC
AR
NM
AL
GA
MS
TX
LA
AK
FL
HI
Passed ONE Legislative House Passed TWO
Legislative Houses Special Needs Scholarship Bill
Source Alliance for School Choice
8
School Vouchers High Popularity with Minorities
74 of African American families with children
support vouchers (57 of adults) 70 of Latin
American adults support vouchers
The Future of Vouchers Lessons from the
Adoption, Design, and Court Challenges of Three
Voucher Programs in Florida By Douglas N.
Harris, Carolyn D. Herrington, and Amy Albee.
Educational Policy. 21(1) (2007)
9
Do the Demographics of Special Needs Voucher
Users Mirror that of the General Population?
  • Underrepresented Groups?
  • Some studies show African Americans are
    Underrepresented Users of School Vouchers
  • As are parents with incomes below 35,000/year
  • Overrepresented Groups?
  • Voucher users have slightly higher levels of
    education
  • Parents of children with highest severity
    special needs
  • Parents who are dissatisfied with public
    schools

Are Parents Informed Consumers Evidence From
Florida McKay Scholarship Program? By Virginia
R. Weidner and Carolyn D. Herrington, Peabody
Journal of Education, 81(1), 27-56. See Also,
Vouchers for Special Education Students An
Evaluation of Floridas McKay Scholarship Program
By Jay P. Greene and Greg Forster, the Manhattan
Institute for Policy Research. June 2003 .
10
Vouchers Can Be Used at Religious Schools, But .
. .
  • Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, 536 U.S. 639 (2002)
  • U.S. Supreme Court found OH school voucher
    program constitutional
  • Voucher could be used at schools of any religious
    affiliation and
  • Parents, rather than govt, made decision to use
    voucher (i.e., no state sponsorship of religion)
  • BUT 37 States, including FL, have Blaine
    Amendments to their constitutions which
    specifically prohibit use of public for
    religious education - more restrictive than U.S.
    Constitution

11
Arizona Scholarship for Pupils with Disabilities
Location Arizona Date 2006 Eligibility All
Children with an IEP (124,500) Enrollment 158
(0.1) Schools Participating 52 Average
Scholarship 9,478 Total Expenditure 2,500,000
Special Feature Payment Capped at 2,500,000
Classification of Special Needs Determines
Maximum
Source Alliance for School Choice
12
John M. McKay Scholarship Program for Students
with Disabilities
Location Florida Date 1999 Eligibility All
Children with an IEP (Over 400,000)
Enrollment 18,919 (4.7) Schools
Participating 824 Average Scholarship 7,206
Total Expenditure 119,092,631 Special
Feature Classification of Special Needs
Determines Scholarship
Source Alliance for School Choice
13
Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program
Location Georgia Date 2007 Eligibility All
Children with an IEP (199,509) Enrollment 899
(0.5) Schools Participating 117 Average
Scholarship 6,273 Total Expenditure 5,639,648
Special Feature Classification of Special Needs
Determines Scholarship
Source Alliance for School Choice
14
Ohio Autism Scholarship Program
Location Ohio Date 2003 Eligibility Children
with Autism (approx 10,000) Enrollment 773
(7.7) Schools Participating 189 Average
Scholarship 17,500 Total Expenditure 15,000,00
0 Special Feature Up to 20,000 Per Child May
Use Multiple Providers
Source Alliance for School Choice
15
Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship
Location Utah Date 2005 Eligibility All
Children with an IEP (52,000 -60,000) Enrollment
484 (0.9) Schools Participating 40 Average
Scholarship 4,600 Total Expenditure 2,400,000
Special Feature Payment Based Upon Length of
Services 6,285 for full day, 3,771 for ½ day
Source Alliance for School Choice
16
Voucher Program Features
17
Research on Special Needs Vouchers is Positive
Vouchers for Special Education Students An
Evaluation of Floridas McKay Scholarship Program
By Jay P. Greene and Greg Forster, the Manhattan
Institute for Policy Research. June 2003 . See
Also, Are Parents Informed Consumers Evidence
From Florida McKay Scholarship Program? By
Virginia R. Weidner and Carolyn D. Herrington,
Peabody Journal of Education, 81(1), 27-56.
18
Vouchers Implications for Special Ed. Advocates
Vouchers Policy Questions
  • Do voucher programs impact public school funding?
  • Do voucher programs affect racial integration?
  • Do voucher programs decrease minority
    over-representation in special education?
  • Are voucher programs a disincentive for
    over-diagnosis?
  • Counsel Parents on the pros and cons of using
    vouchers.
  • Impact on private placement litigation under
    IDEA?
  • Some programs allow advocates the opportunity to
    increase voucher dollar amount.

19
Florida School Partners, P.L. 4000 Ponce de Leon
Blvd., Suite 470 Coral Gables, FL 33146
  • Allison Hertog J.D., M.A.
  • Education Law and Consulting
  • 305-777-0299
  • AllisonHertog_at_gmail.com
  • MakingSchoolWork.com
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