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70270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 14: Windows XP Professional Fault Tol

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Repair an installation of Windows XP Professional ... Repair applications seamlessly. 70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 70270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Chapter 14: Windows XP Professional Fault Tol


1
70-270 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP
Professional Chapter 14 Windows XP
Professional Fault Tolerance
2
Objectives
  • Define IntelliMirror technology and describe its
    key features
  • Back up data and settings on Windows XP
    Professional
  • Work with the Microsoft Backup Utility
  • Perform preventive maintenance
  • Repair an installation of Windows XP Professional

3
Microsoft IntelliMirror
  • Term used to describe features of Windows XP that
    help ensure the availability of
  • Users data
  • Computer configuration.
  • User data management
  • User settings management
  • Software installation and maintenance

4
Microsoft IntelliMirror (continued)
  • Greatly reduces the need for and cost of
    administrative intervention
  • Plays crucial role in
  • Disaster protection
  • Disaster recovery
  • Not a cure-all
  • Not a complete disaster recovery solution

5
Data Backup and Data Management
  • IntelliMirror can manage user documents and data
  • Users store and synchronize their data easily in
    specified network location
  • Folder redirection
  • Users My Documents folder redirected to network
    share

6
My Documents Folder
7
Synchronization Settings Dialog
8
PC Configuration Recovery
  • User settings management feature of
    IntelliMirror
  • Users can access personal settings on network
  • User environment configuration can be easily
    transferred to new machine
  • Settings include
  • Language settings
  • Desktop schemes
  • Custom dictionaries
  • Same as roaming profile

9
Application Installation and Repair
  • Software installation and maintenance feature of
    IntelliMirror
  • Use to rebuild applications environment
  • Use Windows Installer Service (WIS)
  • Reinstall applications
  • Repair applications seamlessly

10
Application Installation and Repair (continued)
  • Restorable applications include
  • Software
  • Software upgrades
  • Operating system upgrades
  • Windows Installer program
  • Included with Windows XP
  • Msiexec.exe

11
Application Installation and Repair (continued)
  • Windows Installer program
  • Command-line tool
  • Used to
  • Install and configure software (with the /i
    parameter)
  • Repair software (/f)
  • Uninstall software (/x)
  • Apply patches (/p)

12
Application Installation and Repair (continued)
  • Windows Installer program
  • Can apply three types of software packages to
    system
  • .msi (software installation)
  • .msp (patches, service packs, and software
    updates)
  • .mst (transformation or modification files, used
    to customize an installation)

13
Microsoft Backup Utility
  • Make backups using media
  • Tape drives
  • External hard disks (i.e., network drives)
  • Zip or Jaz drives
  • Recordable CD-ROM drives
  • Logical drives

14
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Backup utility
  • Provides easiest method of backing up or
    restoring data onto
  • Media
  • Server on network
  • Main functions
  • Back up programs and files
  • Restore programs and files
  • Create an ASR (Automated System Recovery) data
    set

15
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Provides two methods to back up your data
  • Backup Wizard
  • Backup tab to set backup options manually
  • Wizard
  • Guides you through the process of defining and
    scheduling your backups
  • Launched automatically when you open Backup
    utility

16
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • To launch
  • Start
  • All Programs
  • Accessories
  • System Tools
  • Backup
  • Options
  • Back up everything on computer

17
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Options
  • Back up just specific files and folders
  • Elect to include System State data
  • Systems boot files
  • COM settings
  • Registry data

18
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Backup types
  • Copy backup
  • Normal (or full) backup
  • Daily backup
  • Differential backup
  • Incremental backup

19
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Most backup schemes combine the use of
  • Weekly full backups
  • And daily backups of type
  • Incremental
  • Differential
  • Incremental daily backups
  • Make daily backup operation run quicker
  • Require a longer restore period

20
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Differential backups
  • Cause a longer and longer backup period each day
  • Require increased storage space on backup media
    each day
  • Restore time is greatly reduced in comparison
    with incremental
  • Automated System Recovery (ASR)
  • Restore essential system files in event of severe
    system failure

21
Microsoft Backup Utility (continued)
  • Automated System Recovery (ASR)
  • Wont protect personal data or application
    configuration settings
  • Creates a backup of only files essential to boot
    process
  • Media set consists of both
  • Backup floppy
  • One or more backup tapes or other media

22
Backup Utility, Welcome Tab
23
Backup Utility, Backup Tab (continued)
24
Preventive Maintenance
  • Windows XP includes several mechanisms to reduce
    user problems
  • Remove bad device drivers
  • Install system updates

25
Device Driver Rollback
  • Help prevent problems related to faulty device
    drivers
  • Roll back device drivers
  • Removes current driver for a device
  • Reinitializes previous driver
  • Driver tab of devices Properties dialog box
  • Click Roll Back Driver button

26
Device Driver Rollback (continued)
27
Windows File Protection
  • Ensures that the correct and uncorrupted version
    of certain core files is retained on system
  • Files include
  • .sys
  • .dll
  • .exe
  • .ocx
  • True Type font files

28
Windows File Protection (continued)
  • Protects list of sacred files from changes due
    to
  • Application installation
  • Virus infection
  • Human error
  • Works in background
  • Operates invisibly to user (in most cases)

29
Windows File Protection (continued)
  • System File Checker (SFC) tool
  • Performs inspection and replacement of monitored
    files
  • Usually executed automatically
  • Can be executed manually from command prompt
  • Can be used to purge and rebuild DLLCACHE

30
Automatic Updates and Windows Update
  • Problem fixes available online
  • Can be accessed through Windows Update
  • Automatic Updates tab of System applet
  • Used to define whether the OS
  • Automatically checks, downloads, and installs
    updates
  • Notifies you when updates are available
  • Leaves all updating processes up to you to
    perform manually

31
Automatic Updates and Windows Update (continued)
  • Options
  • Notify before downloading any updates and notify
    me again before installing them on my computer
  • Download the updates automatically and notify me
    when they are ready to be installed
  • Automatically download the updates, and install
    them on the schedule that I specify

32
Desktop Cleanup Wizard
  • Asks permission to remove unused icons from
    desktop
  • Launches automatically every 60 days
  • Can be disabled

33
Hibernate vs. Standby
  • Commonly used terms or features that often
    confuse users
  • Hibernation
  • Saves contents in memory to hard drive
  • Performs system shutdown
  • Upon restarting, system is restored to its state
    at moment hibernation was activated
  • Restores user environment to its exact state,
    including open applications and dialog boxes

34
Hibernate vs. Standby (continued)
  • Standby
  • Support for
  • APM (Advanced Power Management)
  • ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
  • Supported by notebook or portable systems
  • Also supported by newer desktops
  • Retains contents of memory in RAM
  • Very fast restoration to user environment
  • If system loses power, data saved in RAM is lost

35
Repairing Windows XP Professional
  • Options for repairing or restoring your PC
  • Safe Mode
  • System Restore
  • Emergency repair process
  • Recovery Console
  • Remote OS installation

36
System Restore
  • Can be used to return OS to previously saved
    state
  • Reverse system configuration settings
  • Reverse Registry changes
  • Undo the changes made by installed software
  • Does not affect
  • Personal files
  • e-mail

37
System Restore (continued)
  • Can only be used if system boots
  • Automatically creates restoration points during
    critical system changes
  • User can initiate creation of a restoration point
    manually
  • Controlled and managed through
  • System Restore tab of System applet
  • System Restore tool

38
System Restore (continued)
39
Emergency Repair Process
  • For problems caused by
  • Corrupt or missing system files
  • Startup environment
  • Partition boot sector
  • Options
  • Fast repair
  • Manual repair

40
Recovery Console
  • Useful for
  • Expert users
  • System administrators
  • Offers more precise control over troubleshooting
    and repair process

41
Recovery Console (continued)
  • Use to
  • Disable malfunctioning services or drivers
  • Repair corrupted Master Boot Record
  • Copy needed files to your PC from
  • Floppy disk
  • CD-ROM
  • Network share

42
Remote OS Installation
  • Used along with Microsoft IntelliMirror
    technologies to recover entire PC, including
  • Users data
  • Individual configurations
  • Applications
  • Component of optional Windows Server Remote
    Installation Services (RIS)
  • Clients must have must have PXE (Preboot
    Execution) environment

43
Remote OS Installation (continued)
  • Types of installations
  • CD-based
  • Remote Installation Preparation (RIPrep) desktop
    image
  • Automatic Setup
  • Custom Setup
  • Restart a Previous Setup Attempt
  • Maintenance and Troubleshooting

44
Summary
  • IntelliMirror
  • Set of features within Windows XP
  • Used for backing up and restoring users data,
    personalized settings, and applications
  • Windows XP includes built-in backup features
  • Use emergency repair process or ASR to repair a
    system that has failed

45
Summary (continued)
  • Rely upon WFP to keep your system files in
    working order
  • Use Automatic Updates feature to keep your system
    in line with latest patches from Microsoft
  • Install and use Recovery Console to recover user
    settings in event of system failure
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