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GEOSS Building a Sustained Earth Observation System for Enhanced Hydrometeorological Safety

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Title: GEOSS Building a Sustained Earth Observation System for Enhanced Hydrometeorological Safety


1
GEOSSBuilding a Sustained Earth Observation
System for Enhanced Hydro-meteorological Safety
  • VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., USN
    (Ret.)Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and
    Atmosphere NOAA Administrator
  • International Conference on the Problems of
    Hydro-meteorological Security
  • September 26-29, 2006

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The ultimate goals of increasing
hydro-meteorological security must be to
prevent hazards from becoming disasters.
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GEOSSGlobal Earth Observation System of Systems
  • A distributed system of systems
  • Improves coordination of strategies and
    observation systems
  • Links all platforms in situ, aircraft, and
    satellite networks
  • Identifies gaps in our global capacity
  • Facilitates exchange of data and information
  • Improves decision-makers abilities to address
    pressing policy issues

8
GEOSSGlobal Earth Observation System of Systems
9
Examples of Disaster-related tasks in the 2006
GEO Work Plan
  • Promote and facilitate free and unrestricted
    exchange of all Earth observation data relevant
    to tsunami early warning systems.
  • Promote the cooperation of national and
    international agencies towards a multi-hazard
    approach to address more effectively and
    systematically coastal risks.
  • Expand the use of meteorological geostationary
    satellites for the management of non-weather
    related hazards.
  • Initiate a knowledge-transfer programme to
    developing countries, to ensure basic capacity to
    utilize Earth observations for disaster
    management.
  • Support the design of multi-media training
    modules to communicate the levels of risk from
    hydro-meteorological hazards to the public to
    enable them to make informed decisions.

10
Multi-Hazard ApproachGeoNetcast Communication
Delivery
  • Implementation of GEONetCast
  • Open exchange of data and information
  • Worldwide information distribution
  • Role of members in participating organizations

11
Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation
  • Tsunami Risk Reduction for the United StatesA
    Framework for Action (December 2005)
  • Requested by the U.S. Congress and the President,
    the Framework is a plan for developing
    tsunami-resilient communities and international
    coordination.
  • Determining the threat
  • Extending observations and timely and effective
    warnings for all states, territories and
    commonwealths.
  • Promoting preparedness and mitigation
    partnerships through the National Tsunami Hazard
    Mitigation Program and TsunamiReady Program.
  • Supporting research and technology transfer
  • Establishing a global multi-hazard warning and
    mitigation system of regional and national
    systems
  • Supporting tasks of the GEO Working Group on
    Tsunami Activities, UNESCO-Intergovernmental
    Ocean Commission, World Meteorological
    Organization and other international organizations

12
Helping Communities to Adapt to Climate
Variability and ChangeRegional Integrated
Sciences and Assessments (RISA)
  • Through strong university partnerships with
    federal, state, and local stakeholders, NOAA
    supports regional teams across the U.S. to
    analyze how climate impacts priority sectors and
    how climate information could help with resource
    management and planning within that region.
  • Topics covered include
  • Agriculture
  • Wildland Fire
  • Water Resources
  • Drought Planning
  • Fisheries
  • Public Health

RISA teamsClimate Impacts Group (CIG)
California Applications Program (CAP), Climate
Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS), Western
Water Assessment (WWA) Pacific Islands
Southeast Climate Consortium (SECC) Carolinas
Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) and
New England Integrated Sciences and Assessments
(NEISA).
13
National Integrated Drought Information System
(NIDIS)Creating a National Drought Early
Warning System
  • Goal To enable the Nation to move from a
    reactive to a more proactive approach to droughts.

www.westgov.org/wga/publicat/nidis.pdf
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Drought Monitoring in Africa
Monitoring 7 years of drought in the Horn of
Africa from NOAA Operational Polar-Orbiting
Satellites
Sensor Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
(AVHRR)
15
Famine Early Warning
  • The Africa Hazard Assessment map is a product of
    the Famine Early Warning System NETwork
    (FEWS-NET), a U.S. inter-agency initiative
    combining the expertise of NOAA, the U.S.
    Geological Survey, and the U.S. Agency for
    International Development.
  • FEWS-NET was initially implemented in Africa but
    has expanded in recent years to Central America,
    Haiti and Afghanistan.

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Climate Products and ServicesGlobal
Hazards/Extremes
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Observations and Forecasting at the International
Desks of NOAAs Hydro-meteorological Prediction
Center
  • Mission Train meteorologists from WMO regions
    III/IV on the operational use and application of
    numerical model products.
  • Two training desks, the South American and
    Tropical
  • Train 13 meteorologists per year
  • Land based observations are quite limited.
  • Polar-orbiting and GEOS satellites fill the data
    void
  • Allows us to take measurements across the globe,
    including Sea Surface Temperature
  • Supplemented with ship/aircraft reports, buoys,
    surface and upper air observations.
  • Information is blended into our global/regional
    models
  • Gives capability to Caribbean nations and South
    America to accurately forecast the weather.
  • Assess impact of El Niño Southern Oscillation
    (ENSO) and forecast Tropical Storms

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Emergency Managers Weather Information Network
(EMWIN)
  • EMWIN is a priority-driven, reliable, low cost,
    weather warning and data broadcast system
    providing free and rapid dissemination of
    warnings, forecasts, graphics and imagery in the
    Americas and Pacific Rim that has been in
    operation for nearly 10 years
  • The Goal to inform emergency managers as
    quickly as possible of pending weather threats,
    increasing the likelihood of sparing lives and
    property.
  • EMWIN is disseminated via NOAAs Geostationary
    Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) and
    the Internet
  • Coming Changes GOES N series satellites will
    double the data rate to 19.2 Kbps but require a
    change in the receiving system used.
  • More information is available on the EMWIN
    website at http//www.weather.gov/emwin/index.htm

19
Ice Jam Flooding on the Yukon River in Alakanuk,
Alaska
  • Applies Roshydromet techniques to forecast ice
    break up and ice jam forecasting on northern U.S.
    rivers
  • Uses US radar and satellite precipitation
    information to forecast flash floods in Russian
    rivers
  • Exchange experts to build capacity

20
Hydro-meteorological Security means Economic
Security
  • Nearly 30 percent of the U.S.s GDP (3
    trillion) is directly or indirectly affected by
    weather/climate
  • 105 million U.S. households obtain a weather
    forecast at least once a day. The aggregate
    annual value of forecasts used by U.S. households
    was estimated to be 11.4 billion
  • Weather forecasts, warnings, and emergency
    responses associated with hurricanes are valued
    at 3 billion per year
  • ENSO predictions save global agriculture a
    minimum of 450 million/year

21
If we access and provide the right information,
at the right time, to the right people, to make
the right decisions, we will provide greater
security and better protect lives and property
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