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Republic of South Africa

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1990's brought an end to apartheid politically, and ushered in black majority rule. ... Swaziland continues to press South Africa into ceding ethnic Swazi lands. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Republic of South Africa


1
South Africa
  • Republic of South Africa

2
General Information
  • The British seized The Cape of Good Hope in 1806.
  • Boers (Dutch settlers) trekked North and founded
    their own republics.
  • Diamonds were discovered in 1867, and gold
    followed in 1886.

3
  • These discoveries spurred wealth and immigration.
  • The subjugation of native peoples increased and
    intensified.
  • The Boers resisted the British takeover. The
    Boers were defeated in the Boers War fought from
    1899-1902.

4
  • The result of the war was the Union of South
    Africa operating under a policy of Apartheid.
  • What is Apartheid?
  • Strict separation of the development of the
    races.
  • 1990s brought an end to apartheid politically,
    and ushered in black majority rule.

5
South Africa Flag until 1994 whenApartheid
fell.
South Africa flag after1994 when Apartheid fell.
6
Location
  • Absolute
  • 29 South Latitude 24 East Longitude
  • Relative
  • Southern portion of the African continent.

7
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8
Place
  • A bit smaller than twice the size of Texas.
  • Climate
  • Mostly semi-arid.
  • Subtropical along East coast.
  • Sunny days, cool nights.

9
  • Terrain
  • Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and
    narrow coastal plain.
  • Natural Hazards
  • Prolonged droughts.

10
  • Ethnicity
  • 75.2 Black
  • 13.6 White
  • 8.6 Colored
  • 2.6 Indian

11
  • Religions
  • 68 Christian
  • 2 Muslim
  • 1.5 Hindu
  • 28.5 Indigenous beliefs and animists.

12
  • Capital
  • Pretoria
  • Capetown is the legislative center, and
    Bloemfontein is the judicial center.

13
Human and Environmental Interaction
  • There is a lack of arterial waterways.
  • This makes water conservation a necessity.
  • Growth in water usage is outpacing supply.
  • Pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and
    urban discharge.

14
  • Air pollution resulting in acid rain.
  • Soil Erosion
  • Desertification

15
Movement
  • Railways
  • Highways
  • Pipelines petroleum, crude oil, natural gas
  • Ports and Harbors Cape Town, East London,
    Durban, Mossel Bay

16
  • Airports 743
  • 143 with paved runways
  • 584 with unpaved runways

17
  • Movement of illicit drugs
  • Transshipment point for heroine, hashish,
    marijuana, and possibly cocaine.
  • Increasingly popular place for money launderers
    because of elevating levels of organized crime.

18
Region
  • Swaziland continues to press South Africa into
    ceding ethnic Swazi lands. These lands were long
    ago part of the Swazi Kingdom.
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