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PROJECTS AND REFLECTIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN

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Title: PROJECTS AND REFLECTIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN


1
Energy Environment and Buildings MATERIALSKevi
n Hydes P Eng Guido Petinelli
2
(No Transcript)
3
  • Energy, Environment and Buildings
  • Lecture Schedule Winter 2007
  • January 5 Sustainability and Architecture an
    Introduction
  • - January 12 History of Assessment Tools LEED in
    Detail
  • January 19 Water Efficiency Green Roofs
  • January 26 Energy Efficiency Emerging Systems
  • February 2 Materials and Embodied Energy
  • February 9 Sustainable Sites
  • Field Lecture Caisse
    de Dépôt, Montreal
  • February 16 Renewable Energy
  • February 23 No classes STUDY BREAK
  • February 26 Integrated Design Process
    (IDP) Charrette
  • March 2 Field Lecture Mountain Equipment Co-op
  • March 9 Mechanical Services an Overview of
    Standard Practices
  • March 16 Indoor Environmental Quality and the
    Human Factor
  • Guest Lecture Benny Farm
  • - March 23 Advanced Buildings Integration of
    Passive and Mechanical Systems Towards
    Energy Efficiency
  • - March 30 Schulich School of Music McGill
    University

4
BUILDING MATERIALS SUSTAINABLE CHOICES BROAD
TOPIC all built projects are material
artefacts that derive expression from material
choices, ENVIRONMENTAL PERSPECTIVE important
considerations are toxicity, embodied impacts,
lifecycle usage and waste
5
MATERIAL CHOICES AN ETHICAL DEBATEconfronting
the reality of our material choices, how to
justify the use of a 500 year old redwood,
life-cycle thinking sources, processes and waste
(upstream downstream analysis), info sources
evaluation tools
6
MOVING MOUNTAINSTOUR STARTS at Rock of Ages
quarry, understanding of materials influences
use, origins, extraction, manufacturing
processes, environmental impacts (pollution,
habitat loss, depletion), waste, Morin quarry
St-Michel complex
7
A TOXIC LEGACYAsbestos, investing in time
bombs, material toxicity, Silent Spring, Blue
Vinyl, industry lobby, off-gassing products,
mold, sick buildings (chemical cocktail and
sealed envelope), solutions (non-toxic materials,
dynamic envelope)
8
LEARNING FROM THE PASTUlverton mill, local
materials, multiplicity of uses for a single
material (wood) structural design, framing,
envelope, fenestration, insulation flooring,
panelling, furniture, etc.
9
NATURAL MATERIALS BIODEGRADABILITYSpinning
wool into yarn, material qualities, Biomimicry,
kevlar vs spiderweb,
10
ART AND NATURELand-art event, boundary between
artifice and nature blurred, ordering the
wilderness, local disturbance minimal, time and
decomposition, temporal nature of all
interventions
11
MAISON RECYCLÉEOverabundance, waste as
resource, creative re-use, mainstream vs. fringe,
control vs. spontaneity, qualities of salvaged
materials, Smart Architecture projects
(refrigerator façade), GVRD Testing Lab to come
12
APPROPRIATE MATERIALS LOCAL INFLUENCEClarencev
ille border facility, use of steel (structural
design, expression, security, durability,
maintenance and reuse), influence of local
agricultural buildings covered bridges
13
LOW TECH ELEGANCECordwood (wood masonry)
research trip, Rob Roy residence, another take on
using local biodegradable materials durably and
economically, form follows assembly logic
14
BREATHING WALLStrengths and weaknesses of
cordwood (versatility, insulation value,
movement, checking), 2 principles of indoor air
quality non-toxic materials and ventilation,
micro humidity and heat-exchangers
15
EXHIBITION HOW TO BUILD POST-KYOTO?
16
CONTEXT CLIMATE CHANGE
17
CONCEPT
18
GREEN PRINCIPLES
19
GREEN PRINCIPLES
20
TIME, WEATHERABILITY, MASS, TRANSFORMABILITY
21
DURABILITY AND ADAPTABILITY
22
LOCOSHOP ANGUS
23

LOCALITY, LIFE CYCLES, ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
24
LOW EMBODIED ENERGY
25
EMBODIED CO2 DISPLAY
26
MATERIALS A GREENHOUSE GAS PERSPECTIVE
CONSTRUCTION VOLUME MATERIAL MATERIAL 1
TONNE CO2 EQUIVALENT ALUMINIUM
EXTRUSION 0.19 M3 200 M CURTAINWALL FRAMING
STEEL REBAR 0.20 M3 1600 M 4 REBAR FLOAT
GLASS 0.33 M3 27 M2 DOUBLE SEALED
UNIT CONCRETE 3.30 M3 22 M2 SLAB,
150MM BRICK 4.50 M3 44 M2 BRICK WALL,
100MM GYPSUM BOARD 5.30 M3 408 M2 WALL
SURFACE, 13MM PLYWOOD 9.00 M3 600 M2 WALL
SURFACE, 13MM DIMENSIONAL LUMBER 26.00 M3 625
M2 STUDWALL FRAMING EARTH BLOCK 33.00 M3 165
M2 BLOCK WALL, 200MM
27

28
CARBON SEQUESTERING
29

Advanced materials, high performance glazing,
insulation
30
ENERGY PERFORMANCE
31

Thermal mass, phase change,
32
PASSIVE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
33
740 BEL-AIR
34

Living materials, context as resource
(landform, foliage, water, snow, etc)
35
URBAN MICROCLIMATES
36
Infrastructure scale of material usage
37
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN MATERIAL APPLICATIONS
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
38
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
39
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
40
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
41
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
42
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
43
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
44
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
45
BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN LIU CENTRETeam, mandate, 60
goals, context
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
46
LIU CENTRE2 wings reflecting dual function
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
47
LIU CENTREorganization, indoor-outdoor spaces
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
48
LIU CENTREextensive glazing view, daylighting,
solar gain, ventilation
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
49
LIU CENTREsiting strategy, deconstruction of
pan-hellenic house
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
50
LIU CENTREre-use of salvaged materials,
value-added
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
51
GVRD TESTING LABrecycled building
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
52
LIU CENTREconservation of site and trees, reuse
of landscape materials
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
53
LIU CENTRE
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
54
LIU CENTRE
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
55
LIU CENTREmaterial efficiency, pre-manufactured
elements, recyclable design
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
56
LIU CENTREhigh-volume fly ash concrete, modular,
systems integration
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
57
LIU CENTREminimal applied finishes, exposed
structure, thermal mass
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
58
LIU CENTRE natural ventilation strategies
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
59
LIU CENTRErecycled content, non-toxic finishes,
demountable systems
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
60
LIU CENTREdistribution systems integrated with
architectural concept
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
61
LIU CENTREmaterial reduction no ducts, no
drywall, (and no profit!) WASTE QUIZ
62
LIU CENTREembodied energy analysis
TROPICAL DESERT CONTINENTAL TEMPERATE ARCTIC
63
RAIC SUSTAINABLE DESIGN 101REDUCE, REUSE,
RECYCLE (order important)
REVIEW OF GENERAL PRINCIPLES
64
LEED
  • CREDITS - MATERIALS AND RESOURCES
  • - STORAGE AND COLLECTION OF RECYCLABLES
  • 1 BUILDING REUSE
  • CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • RESOURCE REUSE
  • 4 RECYCLED CONTENT
  • 5 LOCAL/REGIONAL MATERIALS
  • 6 RAPIDLY RENEWABLE MATERIALS
  • CERTIFIED WOOD
  • DURABLE BUILDING

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
65
LEED
STORAGE AND COLLECTION OF RECYCLABLES
Intent Facilitate the reduction of waste
generated by building occupants that is hauled to
and disposed of in landfills. Prerequisite
SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
66
LEED
  • BUILDING REUSE
  • Intent
  • Extend the life cycle of existing building stock,
    conserve
  • resources, retain cultural resources, reduce
    waste, and
  • reduce environmental impacts of new buildings as
    they
  • relate to materials manufacturing and transport.
  • 3 Points available
  • 75 of Existing Walls, Floors, and Roof
  • 95 of Existing Walls, Floors, and Roof
  • 50 of Interior Non-Structural Elements

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
67
LEED
  • CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • Intent
  • Divert construction, demolition, and land
    clearing debris
  • from landfill disposal. Redirect recyclable
    recovered
  • resources back to the manufacturing process.
    Redirect
  • reusable materials to appropriate sites.
  • 2 Points available
  • Divert 50 from landfill
  • Divert 75 from landfill

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
68
LEED
  • 3 RESOURCE REUSE
  • Intent
  • Reuse building materials and products in order to
    reduce demand for virgin materials and to reduce
    waste, thereby reducing impacts associated with
    the extraction and processing of virgin
    resources.
  • 2 Points available
  • 5
  • 10

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
69
LEED
  • RECYCLED CONTENT
  • Intent
  • Increase demand for building products that
    incorporate
  • recycled content materials, therefore reducing
    impacts
  • resulting from extraction and processing of new
    virgin
  • materials and by-passing energy and green house
    gas
  • intensive industrial and manufacturing processes.
  • 2 Points available
  • 7.5 (post-consumer ½ post-industrial)
  • 15 (post-consumer ½ post-industrial)

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
70
LEED
  • LOCAL/REGIONAL MATERIALS
  • Intent
  • Increase demand for building materials and
    products that
  • are extracted and manufactured within the region,
    thereby
  • supporting the use of indigenous resources and
    reducing
  • the environmental impacts resulting from
    transportation.
  • 2 Points available
  • 10 Extracted and Manufactured Regionally
  • 20 Extracted and Manufactured Regionally

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
71
LEED
  • RAPIDLY RENEWABLE MATERIALS
  • Intent
  • Reduce the use and depletion of finite raw
    materials and
  • long-cycle renewable materials by replacing them
    with
  • rapidly renewable materials.
  • 1 Point available

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
72
LEED
  • CERTIFIED WOOD
  • Intent
  • Encourage environmentally responsible forest
  • management.
  • 1 Point available

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
73
LEED
  • DURABLE BUILDING
  • Intent
  • Minimize materials use and construction waste
    over a
  • buildings life resulting from premature failure
    of the
  • building and its constituent components and
    assemblies.
  • 1 Point available

SUSTAINABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY ENERGY AND
ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS AND RESOURCESINDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
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