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Blogs, Podcasts and Wikis Kate Pitcher, SUNY Geneseo

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Title: Blogs, Podcasts and Wikis Kate Pitcher, SUNY Geneseo


1
  • Blogs, Podcasts and WikisKate Pitcher, SUNY
    Geneseo

2
Web 2.0 Tools You Can Use
  • Web 2.0 is the second generation of web-based
    services and tools which make content creation
    on the web easier and more accessible to a wide
    variety of users. 

3
Questions to answer
  • What are these Web 2.0 social collaboration
    tools?
  • Why should your library should use these tools
    to distribute and share content to users?
  • How can your library use these tools to
    distribute and share content with users?

4
Web 2.0 in action
  • Amazon.com recommendations and Wish Lists
  • Flickr photo sharing
  • tagging and bookmarking
  • YouTube video http//www.youtube.com/watch?v6gmP
    4nk0EOEeurl
  • chat and instant messaging
  • blogging
  • mixing and creating music files
  • participatory web
  • Mashups of content
  • Google Maps

5
What is Library 2.0?
  • Maness theory of Library 2.0 ¹
  • A theory for Library 2.0 could be understood to
    have these four essential elements
  • User-centered
  • Provides a multi-media experience
  • Socially rich
  • Communally innovative

6
²
7
³
8
Library 2.0 in action
  • Recommendations in library catalog
  • Tagging of books in library catalog (Users make
    their own subject headings!)
  • Subscribe to an RSS feed notifying patrons of
    new books
  • Patrons post book reviews to a library hosted
    blog
  • Library news using blog format
  • Library patrons add and edit content to a subject
    guide wiki on librarys website
  • IM at reference desk
  • Downloading music and books onto iPods
  • Offering podcasts of events through library
    website

9
Blogs
  • online journals or websites where users can
    post commentary, links and news
  • Blogs enable the rapid production and
    consumption of Web-based publications

10
What makes a blog different?
  • Dated entries (posts)
  • Each post has a permanent webpage created
    automatically (permalink)
  • Links to favorite or recommended blogs
    (blogroll)
  • Content is syndicated to users (RSS feed)
  • Readers can leave comments
  • Posts are archived

11
Why a blog?
  • Categorization of posts
  • Tagging the content of posts
  • No need to know HTML
  • Role of hyperlink
  • Interactivity with reader
  • Frequency currency of content
  • Blogging community

12
Anatomy of a post
13
Clicking on Comments in the SJCPL Blog
A comment left by a library patron on the Milne
Library News blog
14
SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
15
Integrate collaborate with your campus
courseware or portal.
16
Who reads blogs?
  • 27 of Internet users read blogs as of November
    2004 -- thats 32 million people!
  • greater-than-average growth of readers among
    women, minorities, and those between the ages of
    30-49
  • tend to be young, male, well-educatedand veteran
    Internet users?

17
Why should your library have a blog?
  • News
  • Current events
  • Interaction with library patrons
  • Market and promote different library services
  • Easy to create, maintain and update
  • No HTML skills necessary
  • User feedback
  • FREE!

18
What makes a successful library blog?
  • currency
  • frequency
  • relevance to library or patrons needs
  • well written
  • interaction with patrons through comments
  • know your purpose and focus
  • simplicity
  • lots of hyperlinks
  • Syndicate the content with an RSS feed
  • publicize

19
Tips for successful blogging
  • Collaborate
  • Edit
  • Policy
  • Interaction
  • Purpose

20
Some library blogs
  • Ann Arbor District Library
  • http//www.aadl.org/
  • Moraine Valley Community College
  • http//www2.sls.lib.il.us/MVCC/searchtips/
  • http//www2.sls.lib.il.us/MVCC/librarynews/
  • St. Joseph County Public Library
  • http//www.libraryforlife.org/blogs/lifeline/index
    .php
  • Stark County Law Library
  • http//temp.starklawlibrary.org/blog/
  • Georgia State University Library
  • http//www.library.gsu.edu/news/index.asp?typeID6
    2
  • Waterboro Public Library
  • http//www.waterborolibrary.org/blog.htm

21
What you need
  • Application(many free services will host your
    blog Blogger, WordPress, LiveJournal, etc. )
  • Commitment (buy-in from your contributors)
  • Technical support (at least one person who can
    fool with the code behind the application if you
    want to host it on your own server)
  • Training

22
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23
Free blog applications
  • Blogger http//www2.blogger.com/
  • WordPress http//wordpress.org/
  • LiveJournal http//www.livejournal.com/
  • Diaryland (hosted) http//www.diaryland.com/
  • Pitas (hosted) http//www.pitas.com
  • Slash (open source app) http//www.slashcode.com
  • Greymatter (open source app) http//noahgrey.com/g
    reysoft/
  • LifeType (open source app) http//www.lifetype.net
    /

24
Other blog applications (cost )
  • Movable Type () http//www.movabletype.org
  • TypePad () http//www.sixapart.com/typepad/index
  • Radio Userland () http//radio.userland.com
  • Manila () http//manila.userland.com/

25
Bloggerhttp//www2.blogger.com
  • Free
  • Easy to use
  • Will host your blog(no need to put blog on your
    own server)
  • No prior knowledge of HTML or CSS needed
  • Tutorials available

26
WordPresshttp//wordpress.org
  • Free
  • Customize the look of your blog
  • Will host your blog on their server
  • No need to learn HTML or CSS

27
LiveJournalhttp//www.livejournal.com
  • Joining the site is free
  • Will host your blog on their server
  • Online journaling community
  • Additional services such as IM and text messaging
    are possible

28
What in the heck is RSS??
  • Real Simple Syndication
  • Rich Site SummaryRSS lets publishers use XML
    code to define the content of their Web sites,
    much the way HTML lets them determine the format
    in which content is displayed
  • .htm .rss

Graphic used to indicate RSS files
29
How RSS Feeds work
30
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31
RSS Advantages
  • visitors can access multiple sites without having
    to go to each one
  • subscribe to the RSS feeds of sites you like and
    the content comes to you
  • use a news aggregator to read the headlines and
    links in one place
  • do not need to give out your email address to web
    sites to receive updates
  • will need a aggregator to read content
  • Jardin, Xeni. Why RSS is Everywhere. Wired.
    April 2004.19 May 2004 http//www.wired.com/wired
    /archive/12.04/start.html?pg7.

32
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33
RSS Aggregator Resources
  • Bloglines http//www.bloglines.com
  • FeedDemon http//www.feeddemon.com
  • NewsGator http//www.newsgator.com
  • PocketRSS http//www.atomicdb.com
  • My Yahoo! http//add.my.yahoo.com/rss

34
Library-related RSS Feeds
  • Pubmed http//pmbrowser.info
  • Library Stuff http//www.librarystuff.net/index.r
    df
  • LISNews http//www.lisnews.com/lisnews.rss
  • Library Jobs http//feedster.com/makerss.php?
  • Research Buzz http//www.researchbuzz.com/resear
    chbuzz.rss
  • Resource Shelf http//www.resourceshelf.com/resou
    rceshelf.xml
  • LISFeeds.com http//www.lisfeeds.com

35
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36
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37
Wikis
  • collaborative websites where users can add,
    edit, or delete content on a certain topic, using
    a web browser...

38
The best example
39
What makes a wiki different?
  • Multiple users may edit content
  • Searchable
  • No formal HTML coding experience needed
  • Very similar to many content management systems
  • Upload documents and files

40
LIS Wiki
41
Ohio University Librarieshttp//www.library.ohiou
.edu/subjects/bizwiki/index.php/Main_Page
42
Milne Library WebDev Wiki http//intranet.lib.gene
seo.edu/webdevwiki/doku.php?idhome
43
Library Instruction Wikihttp//instructionwiki.or
g/Sharing_resources
44
Why use a wiki in your library?
  • Document management (i.e. training documents,
    manuals, meeting minutes, etc.)
  • Archive
  • Intranet
  • Collaboration by many (faculty, students,
    community users, etc.)
  • Knowledge base
  • Project management tool
  • Staff internal communication

45
Useful features
  • Track recent changes
  • (RSS feeds can be incorporated so users can be
    notified immediately)
  • History of page revisions
  • (With some wiki apps, you can revert back to a
    previous version of the wiki)
  • Accessibility of documents and information
    through a web-based browser login (can be
    password-protected)

46
Some disadvantages
  • Mostly text-based
  • Anyone (if you dont require login) can
    contribute and edit documents
  • Must use special wiki editing syntax to make
    changes or contribute content this can be
    cumbersome for some users to learn

47
What you need
  • Application(many free software apps PBwiki,
    Wetpaint, MediaWiki, DokuWiki just to name a
    few)
  • Commitment (buy-in from your contributors)
  • Technical support (at least one person who can
    fool with the code behind the application)
  • Training

48
Wiki tools
  • PBwiki http//pbwiki.com/
  • MediaWiki http//www.mediawiki.org/
  • DokuWiki http//wiki.splitbrain.org/wikidokuwiki
  • TWiki (open source app) http//twiki.org
  • ClearWiki (free for 10 users) http//clearwiki.com
    /
  • Wetpaint (free) http//www.wetpaint.com
  • SeedWiki (free multiple wikis)
    http//www.seedwiki.com

49
PBwikihttp//pbwiki.com/
  • Free
  • Hosted (no need to download software)
  • Web-based login from any internet browser

50
MediaWikihttp//www.mediawiki.org/
  • Open source application
  • Download and install on your own server
  • Designed for use with large websites/multiple
    servers
  • Some WYSIWYG
  • Editing syntax allows users to edit and
    contribute content without knowledge of HTML

51
DokuWiki http//wiki.splitbrain.org/wikidokuwiki
  • Open source application
  • Download and install on your own server
  • Has its own editing syntax for contributing and
    editing content

52
Blogs vs. Wikis What should you use?
  • What do you want the software to do?
  • Is it for the public or internal use?
  • What is the technology aptitude of those you
    want involved?

53
When to use a blog
  • You need a tool for communication purposes within
    a group
  • chronological staying on top of things(M.C.
    Morgan, Bemidji State University,http//ferret.be
    midjistate.edu/morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?Wik
    iAndBlog)

54
When to use a wiki
  • You need a place to store and collaborate on
    group documents
  • topical carved from the inside out (M.C.
    Morgan, Bemidji State University,http//ferret.be
    midjistate.edu/morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?Wik
    iAndBlog)

55
Podcasts
  • syndicated audio or video content in a
    multimedia file meant for play on a handheld
    device (such as an iPod) or a personal computer

56
MP3 RSS Podcast
  • June 28, 2005

57
iPods
Can be used as hard drive calendar contact
manager audio recorder save text files photo
library notes reader alarm clock PDF
library video player can be projected w/LCD or
TV music
58
MP3 players
59
Why should we care?
  • Teachers in every strata of education are
    increasingly dealing with a student population
    that is not only more wired than they are but
    also grew up in a techno-drenched atmosphere that
    has trained them to absorb and process
    information in fundamentally different ways. This
    generation of students is more likely to be armed
    with cell phones, laptops, and iPods than with
    spiral notebooks and 2 pencils ?

60
Finding a podcast is EASY
  • Type podcasts directory in any search engine
    and you will find LOTS of podcasts on MANY
    subjects
  • Look for a icon on your favorite
    website
  • Search for podcasts subject in any search
    engine
  • In iTunes, search the podcast directory for
    thousands of podcasts on many different topics

61
Creating podcasts is EASY
  • Create an MP3 recording
  • Host it on a website
  • Publish a feed

62
To be or not to beWhy should libraries create
podcasts?
  • Library tours
  • Special events
  • Story times
  • Book reviews
  • Readings
  • Guest lectures
  • Campus events
  • Student research presentations

63
Arizona State University Librarieshttp//www.asu.
edu/lib/librarychannel/
64
Bridgewater College Internet Podcast
Resourceshttp//www.bridgew.edu/library/podcasts.
cfm
65
Grand Rapids Public Library http//www.grpl.org/yo
urlibrary/pods/
66
South Huntington (NY) Public Library http//www.sh
pl.info/
67
Other libraries podcasting
  • Dowling College Omnibushttp//www.dowling.edu/lib
    rary/newsblog/podcasts.asp
  • UNC at Pembroke Library Minutehttp//www.uncp.edu
    /library/minute/index.html
  • Worcester Polytechnic Institute Library Audio To
    Gohttp//wpi.edu/Academics/Library/Borrowing/Podc
    asts
  • Fairfield University Library Podcastshttp//www.f
    airfield.edu/lib_podcasts.html
  • Ohio University Alden Library Audio
    Tourhttp//www.library.ohiou.edu/podcasts/?page_i
    d14
  • Library Guide for Nursing Students (Cal State U,
    Fullerton)http//faculty.fullerton.edu/rclemens/N
    ursing.htm
  • UCOL Library Podcastshttp//library.ucol.ac.nz/ma
    in.asp?page100
  • Moraine Valley Community College
    Libraryhttp//www2.morainevalley.edu/default.asp?
    SiteId10

68
What technology do you need for podcasts?
  • Computer or handheld device (iPod or MP3 player
    for example) to listen to or watch the podcast
  • Podcast receiver (or podcatcher) to subscribe to
    the podcast

69
How do we find and subscribe to podcasts?
  • Find a podcast you are interested in listening to
  • Find the orange RSS or POD button
  • Click button OR copy and paste the URL into your
    podcast receiver

70
Some podcasts of interest
71
Subscribing to podcasts with iTunes
1.
2.
3.
72
Other podcast receivers
  • Doppler
  • Juice

73
How do we create podcasts?
  • Two easy ways
  • 1. Create podcasts by phone
  • 2. Use recording software to
  • Record audio and convert it to a downloadable
    format (MP3)
  • Create a text file which describes the audio
    (RSS)
  • Upload to the web

74
Podcasting Tools
  • Gabcast http//www.gabcast.com
  • podOmatic http//www.podomatic.com/home
  • Odeo http//www.odeo.com

75
Gabcast http//www.gabcast.com/index.php
  • Free
  • Record podcasts by phone

76
Creating a podcast by phone
Toll-free number
Click on Testing icon to get the podcast and
play!
77
podOmatichttp//www.podomatic.com/home
  • Free
  • Record your own podcasts

78
Odeohttp//odeo.com/
  • Free
  • Upload MP3 files

79
Elements needed for recording your own podcast
  • Recording editing software
  • Microphone
  • Audio card
  • Convert audio file to MP3 file format
  • Upload MP3 file to server
  • Create an RSS feed for the podcast

80
Recording Software
  • Sound Recorder (found with most Windows OS)
  • Audacity (for PCs and Macs free)
    http//audacity.sourceforge.net
  • GarageBand (for Macs)
  • http//www.apple.com/ilife/garageband/

81
Creating an RSS feed for your podcast
  • 1. Apply Tools Podcast RSS Feed Generator
  • http//www.applytools.com/cgi-bin/sa/podcast/podca
    st.cgi?
  • Poderator
  • http//poderator.com/
  • PodcastBlaster
  • http//www.podcastblaster.com/podcast-feed/

82
In order to create the RSS feed for your podcast,
follow these steps
  • Create a plain text file on your computer (i.e.
    .TXT file if you are on Windows. Note, .DOC or
    other will not work).
  • Copy and past the podcast XML code into the new
    file.
  • Rename the file to "podcast.xml" and upload to
    your server.

83
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85
Example of RSS feed as it appears when I click on
podcast logo
86
Works Cited
  • Maness, J. M. (2006). Library 2.0 Theory Web 2.0
    and Its Implications for Libraries. Webology,
    3(2). Retrieved January 17, 2007, from
    http//www.webology.ir/2006/v3n2/a25.html.
  • (2006). Library 2.0 Meme Map. Flickr. Retrieved
    March 17, 2007, fromhttp//www.flickr.com/photos/
    42538191_at_N00/113222147/
  • Habib, M. (2006). Toward Academic Library 2.0
    development and application of a library 2.0
    methodology. A Masters Paper for the M.S. in L.S
    degree, November 2006. Retrieved January 17,
    2007, from http//etd.ils.unc.edu/dspace/handle/19
    01/356
  • Rainie, L. (2005). Memo the state of blogging.
  • Pew Internet American Life Project, January
    2005.Retrieved 10 February 2005, from
    http//www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/144/report_displa
    y.asp
  • 5. McHugh, J. (2005). Synching up with the iKid.
    Edutopia Magazine, October 2005. Retrieved March
    26, 2007, from http//www.edutopia.org/magazine/ed
    1article.php?idart_1355issueoct_05

87
Recommended Resources Library 2.0
  • (2006). Library 2.0 - LISWiki. Retrieved
    February 2, 2007, from LISWiki. Web site
    http//liswiki.org/wiki/Library_2.0
  • Crawford, W. (2006). Library 2.0 and Library
    2.0. Cites Insights Crawford at Large, 6(2).
    Retrieved January 17, 2007, from
    http//cites.boisestate.edu/v6i2a.htm
  • Miller, P. (2006). Library 2.0 - The Challenge
    of Disruptive Innovation. Retrieved January 17,
    2007, from http//www.talis.com/resources/document
    s/447_Library_2_prf1.pdf
  • O'Reilly, T. (2005a). What Is Web 2.0 Design
    Patterns and Business Models for the Next
    Generation of Software. Retrieved January 17,
    2007, from http//www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly
    /tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
  • Stephens, M. (2005). ALA TechSource - Do
    Libraries Matter On Library Librarian 2.0.
    Retrieved Nov. 17, 2006, from American Library
    Association. Web site http//www.techsource.ala.o
    rg/blog/2005/11/do-libraries-matter-on-library-lib
    rarian-20.html
  • Stephens, M. (2006). Web 2.0 libraries best
    practices for social software. Library Technology
    Reports, 42, no. 4. Chicago ALA TechSource.

88
Contact Info
  • Kate Pitcher
  • Reference/Instruction Web Development Librarian
  • Milne Library
  • SUNY Geneseo
  • pitcher_at_geneseo.edu
  • http//www.geneseo.edu/pitcher
  • This presentation is available online at
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