Value Theory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Value Theory


Value Theory. Ethics: moral goodness, obligations, principles, justification; why be moral? Social-Political Philosophy: justice, rights, responsibilities, the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Value Theory

Value Theory
  • Ethics moral goodness, obligations, principles,
    justification why be moral?
  • Social-Political Philosophy justice, rights,
    responsibilities, the state, law
  • Aesthetics art, beauty
  • Meaning of life

Cultural RelativismMoral values are relative to
ones culture
  • There are no universally held values
  • Objection this is simply false universal values
    are interpreted differently

Ethical Absolutism one set of moral values
applies to all people and cultures
Relative vs. absolute Subjective vs. objective
Ethical relativismno set of values ought to be
applied to all
  • Objections
  • The existence of moral differences does not
    justify them (is does not imply ought)
  • If a cultures values were always right, there
    could be no moral development or progress
  • We would have to tolerate even cruel cultures
  • It is difficult to define the boundaries of which
    culture or subculture a persons acts reflect

(Naturalistic Fallacy)