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NIH Brown Bag:

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Title: NIH Brown Bag:


1
NIH Brown Bag R15 Awards Enhanced Peer
Review Compiled from previous presentations given
by the NIH and GRC
2
NIH Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA)
R15
3
NIH Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA)
  • Provides support for research projects in the
    biomedical, behavioral, and clinical sciences in
    health professional schools and other academic
    components that have not been major recipients of
    NIH research grant funds
  • Eligibility limited to schools that have received
    less than 6 Million in NIH support (see
    /grants/funding/area.htm)
  • Direct cost limited to 300,000 over entire
    project period
  • Project period limited to up to 3 years
  • Awards are renewable
  • All NIH ICs utilize this mechanism except FIC and
    NCMHD
  • See parent FOA at /grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-042
    .html
  • Involves both faculty and students (pre- and
    post-doctoral)

4
Goals of the AREA program
  • The three main goals are
  • to support meritorious research,
  •  to strengthen the research environment of the
    institution, and
  • to expose students to research.
  • The AREA or R15 grant is a research award and not
    a training award, emphasizing hands-on biomedical
    behavioral and clinical research.
  • Students benefit from participating in
    meritorious research and will be encouraged to
    continue studies in the biomedical sciences.

5
Eligibility
  • NIH considers the following to be health
    professional schools/colleges 
  • School/College of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine,
    Podiatry, Nutrition, Dentistry, Osteopathy,
    Pharmacy, Public Health, Optometry, Nursing,
    Chiropractic Medicine, and Allied Health.  All
    other NIH funding is considered Other Academic.

6
Impact of AREA grant on PI and university
  • Explanation of how this grant will affect the
    PIs research at the institution
  • Explanation of how the grant will impact training
    of undergraduate scientists, including dedicated
    time in the summer to do research
  • Description of the PIs experience in mentoring
    undergraduate researchers
  • Description of how the grant will enable the PI
    to provide leadership to other faculty in
    combining teaching and research

7
Institutional Support
  • Description of departmental resources available
    to the project equipment, laboratory
    facilities, operating funds, course releases

8
What should we include in an AREA Resources
statement?
  • Facilities and Other Resources section must
    include
  • A description of the special characteristics of
    the school/academic component that make it
    appropriate for an AREA grant, according to the
    programs three objectives. Include a description
    of the likely impact of an AREA grant on the
    PD/PI and the research environment of the
    school/academic component.

9
What should we include in an AREA Resources
statement?
  • A profile of available students of the applicant
    school/academic component and any information or
    estimate of the number who have obtained the
    baccalaureate degree and gone on to obtain an
    academic or professional doctoral degree in the
    health-related sciences during the last five
    years.

10
AREA success rates, FY 2007
11
Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in
Health-Related Research
  • Principal Investigators holding an active AREA
    (R15) grant may apply for a supplement under this
    program.
  • Grantees must check with the awarding I/C before
    an application for a supplement is submitted.

12
Timeline New Applications
Council Review Sept.-Oct. Jan.-Feb. May-June
Award Date December April July
  • Receipt
  • Date
  • February 25
  • June 25
  • October 25

Scientific Review June-July Oct.-Nov. Feb.-March
13
New Priorities from the New Director at NIH
14
  • Applying unprecedented opportunities in genomics
    and other high throughput technologies to
    understand fundamental biology and to uncover the
    causes of specific diseases.
  • Translating basic science discoveries into new
    and better treatments and practice.
    Private-public partnerships will play an
    important role in this area.
  • Putting science to work for the benefit of
    healthcare reform. This includes the areas of
    comparative effectiveness research, personalized
    health agendas, health disparities research
    (social and behavioral research, in particular,
    as well as healthcare economics), and
    payment-incentive models.
  • Encouraging a greater focus on global health.
  • Reinvigorating and empowering the biomedical
    research community.

15
Enhanced Peer Review
16
Recent Changes
  • Enhanced review criteria
  • New scoring system
  • Criterion scoring
  • Structured critiques
  • Clustering of New Investigator applications
  • Score order of review

17
Recent Changes
  • Implemented for applications submitted for
  • Fiscal Year 2010 funding consideration
  • Recovery Act (ARRA) FOAs
  • (Funding Opportunity Announcements)

18
Major Enhancements
Overall Impact ? Overall Impact/Priority Score
  • Core criteria order
  • Significance
  • Investigator(s)
  • Innovation
  • Approach
  • Environment
  • Additional review criteria considerations
    expanded
  • Side-by-side comparison (http//grants.nih.gov/gra
    nts/peer_review_process.htm)

19
Overall Impact/Priority Score
Reflects the reviewers assessment of the
likelihood for the project to exert a sustained,
powerful influence on the research field(s)
involved
  • In consideration of
  • Core criteria
  • Additional review criteria (RFA or PAR)
  • Additional review criteria
  • as applicable

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28
New Scoring System
  • 9-point scale
  • 1 Exceptional
  • 9 Poor
  • Reduces number of rating discriminations
  • Provides rating descriptors
  • To improve reliability
  • To encourage use of the entire range
  • Scores rounded to fewer digits

29
New Scoring System
  • Will be used for
  • Overall impact/priority scores
  • Individual criterion scores
  • Will be implemented for applications submitted
  • FY2010 funding consideration
  • Recovery Act funding opportunity
  • announcements

30
New Scoring System
31
Structured Critiques
  • Decrease variability
  • Increase quality of information in critiques
  • More succinct, better organized
  • Encourage evaluative statements
  • Ensure that reviewers address all review
    criteria
  • and considerations

32
Structured Critiques
  • Bulleted comments
  • Scores for five review criteria
  • Required comments
  • Protections for Human Subjects
  • Inclusion Plans
  • Vertebrate Animal Welfare
  • Biohazards
  • Budget

33
Templates for Reviewers
Links to definitions of review criteria
34
Clustering of New Investigator Applications
  • Where feasible, NI applications clustered
  • NI and ESI applications identified for
    reviewers
  • Expectations for preliminary data or track
  • record should not be the same as for
  • established investigators

35
Changes Happening Soon
  • For 2010 receipt dates
  • Alignment of applications review criteria
  • Shorter Research Plans

36
Alignment of Applications and Review Criteria
  • Changes to three parts of application
  • Biographical sketch
  • Research Plan
  • Resources

37
Biographical Sketch
  • Personal Statement why experience and
    qualifications make the applicant particularly
    well-suited for role in the project
  • Publications aim for 15
  • 5 most recent
  • 5 best
  • 5 most relevant to the application

38
Restructured Research Plan
Introduction Specific Aims Background and
Significance Preliminary Studies/Progress
Report Research Design and Methods Inclusion
Enrollment Report Progress Report Publication
List Human Subjects Sections… protections,
women/minorities, enrollment, children Other
Research Plan Sections… animals, select agent,
MPI, consortium, support, sharing Appendix
Research Strategy
39
Restructured Research Plan
Current Application
New Application
40
Application Changes
  • Facilities and Other Resources
  • 424 - part of the RR Other Project Information
  • 398 the Resources Format Page)
  • Environment
  • New instruction to address how scientific
    environment will contribute to probability of
    success, unique features of environment, etc.
  • For ESIs, provide description of institutional
    investment in success of the investigator.

41
Alignment
Core Review Criteria
Application
42
Shorter Research Plans
43
Shorter Research Plans
44
Academic Research Enhancement Awards (AREA or
R15s)
  • Use enhanced review criteria for research grant
  • applications
  • Frequently one reviewer from an AREA
    institution
  • is included on the review panel reviewing
    R15(s)
  • AREA awardees may be eligible
  • to submit an application for a
  • research supplement to promote
  • diversity in health-related research

45
Additional Information
Enhancing Peer Review at NIH Webpages http//enhan
cing-peer-review.nih.gov/index.html Overview of
Peer Review Enhancements Video http//enhancing-pe
er-review.nih.gov/video_overview.html Side-by-sid
e comparison of enhanced and former review
criteria http//grants.nih.gov/grants/peer_review_
process.htm Guidelines for Reviewers http//grant
s.nih.gov/grants/peer/reviewer_guidelines.htm NIH
Academic Research Enhancement Awards (R15)
Grants http//grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/area.h
tm
46
Additional Information
NOT-OD-09-003 (10/08/08) New NIH Policy on
Resubmission Applications http//grants.nih.gov/g
rants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-09-003.html NOT-O
D-09-016 (11/07/08) - Clarification on New
NIH Policy on Resubmission Applications
http//grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NO
T-OD-09-016.html OER Grants Page
http//grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/amendedapps.ht
m PA-05-015 Research Supplements to Promote
Diversity in Health-related Research
http//grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-0
5-015.html
47
Additional Information
NOT-OD-08-121 (09/26/2008) - Encouraging
Early Transition to Independence Identifying
ESIs http//grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-fi
les/not-od-08-121.html NOT-OD-09-013
(09/31/2008) Revised New and Early Stage
Investigator Policies http//grants1.nih.gov/gran
ts/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-09-013.html
NOT-OD-09-034 (12/31/2008) ESI Policies
Requesting an Extension of the ESI Period
http//grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/N
OT-OD-09-034.html FAQs http//grants.nih.gov/gr
ants/new_investigators investigator_policies_faqs.
html
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