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Ch 1 The Leadership Challenge by Fenwick English


PhD presentation, William Allan Kritsonis, PVAMU, The Texas A&M University System. Book by Fenwick English, The Art of Educational Leadership, Balancing Performance and Accountability – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Why and how: Dr. Kritsonis Recognized as Distinguished Alumnus In 2004, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis was recognized as the Central Washington University Alumni Association Distinguished Alumnus for the College of Education and Professional Studies. Dr. Kritsonis was nominated by alumni, former students, friends, faculty, and staff. Final selection was made by the Alumni Association Board of Directors. Recipients are CWU graduates of 20 years or more and are recognized for achievement in their professional field and have made a positive contribution to society. For the second consecutive year, U.S. News and World Report placed Central Washington University among the top elite public institutions in the west. CWU was 12th on the list in the 2006 On-Line Education of “America’s Best Colleges.” Educational Background Dr. William Allan Kritsonis earned his BA in 1969 from Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington. In 1971, he earned his M.Ed. from Seattle Pacific University. In 1976, he earned his PhD from the University of Iowa. In 1981, he was a Visiting Scholar at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, and in 1987 was a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.


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Title: Ch 1 The Leadership Challenge by Fenwick English

Chapter 1 (Dr. Fenwick W. English)The Art of
Educational LeadershipBalancing Performance and
  • The Leadership Challenge
  • Mist M. Morgan
  • William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

The Science of Leadership vs. The Art of
  • Science Taught measured by lectures,
    textbooks, and licensure exams
  • Art Measured by practice (learning by doing)
  • - modeling
  • - observation
  • - must pass the test of credibility in
    real schooling situations

Leaders and Leadership are Universal in the Human
  • Partial Leadership Informal or indigenous
    leaders within an organization.
  • Grassroots political organizer Saul Alinsky
    (1909-1972) was a firm believer than leadership
    within an organization could exist within the
    rank and file, not just at the head. In order for
    an organization to be effective,
    organizers/persons had to know who the true
    leaders were.

Point to PonderWhen have you experienced partial
leadership in your professional or personal life?
Somewhere in your past, people looked up to you
for your thoughts or deeds. This partial
leadership experience (if it were positive)
undoubtedly led you to pursue the path to
complete leadership.
Guiding Question What is the path to
transformation in becoming a complete leader?
  • Formal Academic Study (Pedagogy and Practice)
  • Internship in a real educational setting complete
    with mentoring opportunity for practice
  • Continuation of your personal and professional
  • Internship as a part of the path to complete
    leadership is critical-
  • leadership candidates need an opportunity to try
    out the skills and
  • knowledge acquired in the university classroom.

The Path to Complete Leadership, contd.
  • A Purposive Construction of Self
  • Emerging leaders must carefully construct a
    public version of their persona,
  • referred to ask the Mask of Command
  • When we are leading, we are acting out a role,
    hence leadership is an art form
  • The art of leadership is a public performance
    that unlike acting, it requires the necessary
    background and skills necessary to do the job
  • Key to the art of leadership is the emerging
    leaders ability to constantly reinvent
    themselves, particularly in the face of defeat

Point to Ponder Think about the leaders you have
known when technology, standards, or
approaches/measures to learning have changed, how
has the leaders ability to change or reinvent
themselves contributed to their success or
The Path to Complete Leadership, contd.
  • The Importance of Individual Agency
  • Individual agency represents the man on a
    mission one person driven by their own
    commitment, ideals, a mission, or a cause to make
    a difference
  • Leaders are made, not born much of what we come
    to know about leaders (or believe) is actually
    constructed by his or her followers

The Path to Complete Leadership, contd.
Common Elements
Leadership vs. Management
  • Manager A maintenance role seeks to improve the
    functions of the current organization. A manager
    is bound to the organization, maintains a
    conservative outlook, and is slow to accept
    change (possible threat to existence)
  • Leader Primary function is to change the
  • Managers are the least likely to affect
    significant change within an organization.
    Change, when initiated by management, is
    considered to be more tinkering than real
  • W. Edwards Deming (father of TQM) indicated that
    significant change in an organization can never
    be brought without outside intervention. A
    system cannot fully understand itself.

Activity Reform vs. Refinement?
Block Scheduling Cooperative Learning
Performance Pay Curriculum Alignment
Looping Vouchers Charter Schools
Parental Involvement Strategic Planning
Writing Across the Curriculum Phonics
The Middle School Constructivist Teaching
Accountability Zero-Based Budgeting
Group Counseling Clinical Supervision
Gifted Education Team Teaching
Differentiated Instruction De-tracking
Leadership vs. Management, contd.
  • Sowhich persona is better for schools? Leaders
    or Managers?
  • Fenwick English
  • Schools are in desperate need of both leaders
  • and managersLeadership is necessary to
    organizational growth
  • and change. If an organization is not managed, it
    cannot be
  • led well.
  • Leadership and management, though different, must
    work in
  • tandem to effectively run a school.

Conclusion and Final Considerations
  • Partial leadership experiences guide us to desire
    to be a complete leader. The path to complete
    leadership includes
  • Formal academic study, internship experience, and
    personal/professional growth
  • Purposive construction of self
  • Individual agency
  • Management and leadership capacity
  • Final Points to Ponder
  • Are we as educators performing more in a
    management or a leadership capacity?
  • Do you agree with English that the path to
    complete leadership must pass through the
    internship phase/process?
  • Do our own dissertation proposals seek to advance
    pedagogy practice from a leadership or
    managerial standpoint?