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Introduction to Youth Organizations

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Jennifer Shike, P.O. Box 2417, West Lafayette, IN 47906. ... A student in Texas who was active in the FFA moved to a new school. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Youth Organizations


1
Introduction to Youth Organizations
2
Objectives
  • 1.  Define terms associated with youth
    organizations.
  •  2. List 6 youth organizations and indicate if
    they are associated with school and/or with
    agriculture.
  •  3. Summarize the history, purposes and
    activities associated with the  4-H.
  • 4. Discuss how the 4-H youth leader and FFA
    advisor might work together.
  • 5. Summarize basis for having the FFA and other
    CTSOs.
  • 6. Summarize how CTSOs and their associated
    activities are encouraged and protected by law
    in Arkansas.
  • 7. Describe some of the misconceptions about
    CTSOs.

3
Objective 1 Define Terms
  • Youth--- usually 18 or less
  • Special circumstances exist that may extent that
    upper limit
  • Organization An organized group with a purpose,
    which has a systematic and methodical approach to
    management of its function usually stated in a
    constitution and by-laws.
  • Some are in-school and some are out of school.

4
Youth Organization vs. Youth Program
  • Youth Organization
  • usually involves membership, officers,
    constitutions, rules, theme
  • More student driven or run
  • Youth Program
  • less student invovled
  • series of activities may have same with general
    purpose
  • Less student driven (run)

5
Youth Organization vs.Student Organization
  • Student
  • Narrower term
  • In school
  • Youth
  • Broader term
  • In or out of school

6
Career and Technical Student Organizations
  • Old term Vocational Student Organization
  • VSOs
  • New term -- Career and Technical Student
    Organizations
  • This became the name in the late 1990s when the
    profession Changed from vocational education and
    replaced to Career and Technical Education.
  • Before VSO now CTSO

7
Student OrganizationVs. Career and
Technical Student Organizations
  • Vocational Student
  • Narrower term
  • must be enrolled in a vocational program
  • Examples
  • FFA
  • SkillsUSA
  • FBLA
  • Student
  • broader term
  • Any student in school
  • Examples
  • BETA
  • chess
  • spanish

8
Objective 2 Youth Organizations Not Associated
With School (Ag And  Non-ag).
  • How many can you name?

9
Objective 2 Youth Organizations Not Associated
With School (Ag   non-Ag)
  • American Junior Shorthorn Association (AJSA)
    8288 Hascall St., Omaha, NE 68124. 402-393-7200.
  • Junior Beefmaster Breeders Associ-ation (JBBA)
    Open to youth age 21 and youngernationwide. Jr.
    Beefmaster Breeders Association, 6800 Park Ten
    Blvd., Suite 290W, San Antonio, TX 78213.
    210-732-3132. www.beefmasters.org.
  • National Junior Angus Association (NJAA) Open to
    youth age 21 and youngernationwide. James
    Fisher, 3201 Frederick Ave., St. Joseph, MO
    64506. 816-383-5100. www.njaa.info. w many can
    you think of?

10
Youth Organizations, Continued
  • National Junior Swine Association Open
    nationwide to youth age 21 and younger interested
    in Duroc, Hamp, York, or Landrace Swine. Jennifer
    Shike, P.O. Box 2417, West Lafayette, IN 47906.
    765-463-3594 or jennifer_at_nationalswine.com.
  • Arkansas Junior Cattlemen's Association
  • http//www.ajcattle.com/
  • National Grange
  • 4-H
  • Boy Scouts
  • Girl Scouts

11
Objective 3 History, Purposes and Activities
Associated With 4-H.
  • Guest Speaker

12
Objective 4 4-H Youth Leader And FFA Advisor
Working Together
  • List ways these can work together.

13
Objective 5 Basis for the FFA and other CTSOs
  • Legal Basis
  • Started by the U.S. Government
  • George-Barden Act
  • Public Law 740
  • USOE Policy
  • State Board of Education
  • Court Ruling
  • Educational/Psychological Basis
  • Philosophical Basis

14
Legal/policy basis for FFA, cont.
  • The FFA is recognized as an integral part of the
    curriculum by the federal government.
  • 1. The Federal Government was responsible for
    establishing the FFA. Agricultural education
    leaders with the Federal Board for Vocational
    Education provided the leadership for the
    establishment of the FFA.

15
Legal/policy basis for FFA, cont.
  • 2. The George-Barden Act of 1946 states federal
    funds can be expended on "supervision by the
    vocational agriculture teacher of the activities,
    related to vocational education in agriculture,
    of the Future Farmers of America and the New
    Farmers of America".
  • How many "clubs" have provisions in federal law
    authorizing federal expenditures on "club"
    activities?

16
Legal/policy basis for FFA cont.
  • 3. USOE Policy states that FFA is
    intracurricular.

17
Legal/policy basis for FFA cont.
  • 4. The FFA has a Federal Charter (Public Law
    740)
  • Sec. 18 "The United States Commissioner of
    Education . . . is authorized to make available
    personnel, services, and facilities of the Office
    of Education . . . to administer or assist in the
    administration of the business and activities of
    the corporation."
  • Sec. 8 requires Federal education officials to be
    part of the governing structure of the FFA.

18
Legal/policy basis for FFA cont.
  • The FFA is recognized as an integral part of the
    curriculum by the state government
  • 1. The State Board of Education in Arkansas has
    approved the Workforce Development Education -
    Program of Study and Support Services Guide which
    states FFA activities are an integral part of
    the agricultural education program

19
Legal/policy basis for FFA cont.
  • The courts have ruled that FFA is intracurricular
    and is an integral part of the educational
    program.
  • A student in Texas who was active in the FFA
    moved to a new school. The school had vocational
    agriculture but no FFA. He brought a lawsuit
    against the school and won. The school had to
    start a FFA chapter.

20
Legal/policy basis for FFA cont
  • 2. The state AR approved curriculum guides in
    agriculture include content on the FFA and it is
    recognized as an integral part of the program.
  • 3. The state plan for vocational education (which
    must be approved by the state and federal
    government) includes vocational youth
    organization activities.

21
Questions to ponder
  • Why do we have the FFA?
  • Is there an education basis for having the FFA?
  • Is the FFA extra-curricular or intracurricular?
  • Can FFA participation be considered in assigning
    grades to students?
  • Is there a legal basis for the FFA?
  • Is there a philosophical basis for the FFA?

22
Why FFA?
  • Benefits for the student

23
What is the FFA Mission?
  • FFA makes a positive difference in the lives of
    students by developing their potential for
    premier leadership, personal growth and career
    success through agricultural education.

24
Why FFA?
  • Benefits for the teacher
  • FFA motivates students
  • FFA provides rewards for students (reinforces)
  • Provides intrinsic rewards to the teacher

25
What is the FFA?
  • A national organization for students enrolled in
    agricultural education classes.
  • High school and middle school
  • The FFA operates at the local, regional, state
    and national level
  • The agriculture teacher is the FFA advisor

26
Educational/Psychological basis for FFA
  • The FFA awards and incentive program is a
    learning reinforcer. It is the reinforcement
    component of the Stimulus-Response learning
    theory. SAE is the response and classroom
    instruction is the stimulus.

27
Educational/Psychological basis for FFA
  • The FFA is a powerful motivational tool.
    Psychology has shown that students learn best
    when they are motivated to learn.

28
Educational/Psychological basis for FFA
FFA helps students fulfill all levels of Maslows
Hierachy of Needs.
29
Philosophical basis for the FFA
  • Reconstructionism - the purpose of education is
    to prepare students for the future world in which
    they will live and students should be taking a
    proactive role in shaping that future by making
    the world a better place to live.
  • Pragmatism - the worth of an idea is proven when
    it is tested in a real word setting.

30
Agricultural Education Models
SAE
FFA
Instruction
31
Agricultural Education Models
SAE
FFA
CompleteSec. Ag. Ed.Program
Instruction
32
Objective 7 Laws related to Youth Organizations
in Arkansas
  • Click here

33
Objective 8 Describe Some Of The Misconceptions
About CTSOs
  • That student youth organizations have diminishing
    value to today's vo ed students. The truth is
    that vocational educators have identified strong
    CTSO as an essential component of high quality vo
    ed.
  • That the strength of the youth organizations is
    that it focuses on leadership. However, the
    primary goal of membership is to develop
    competencies necessary for employment.
  • That student organizations are nice
    extracurricular activities for motivated
    students. Today, student organizations are
    working to ensure that their activities are
    integrated into the classroom curriculum.
  • That teachers' involvement in student
    organizations remains strong. The fact is that
    teachers are facing a time crunch and other
    responsibilities compete for teacher time.
  • That state and federal funds provide sole support
    to CTSOs. As federal funds have been cut, states
    can no longer carry the burden of financial
    support. CTSOs must make stronger efforts to
    secure support from the business community.
  • Go to the original source ERIC Document ED392895
  • Youth Organizations. Myths and Realities
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