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History of American Farm Technology

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John Lane began to manufacture plows faced with steel saw blades. ... 1837-John Deere and Leonard Andrus began manufacturing steel plows. ... John Deere. 1840's ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of American Farm Technology


1
History of AmericanFarm Technology
2
16th- 18th Centuries
  • 18th. Century
  • Oxen and horses for power,
  • Crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand,
    cultivating by hoe,
  • Hay and grain cutting with sickle, and threshing
    with flail

3
1776-99
  • 1790s- Cradle and scythe introduced.
  • 1793-Invention of cotton gin.
  • 1794-Thomas Jeffersons moldboard
  • tested.
  • 1797-Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron
    plow.

The scythe
Cotton Gin.
4
1800-1829
  • 1819-Jethro Wood patented iron plow with
    interchangeable parts.
  • 1819-25-U.S. Food canning industry established.

5
1830s
  • 1830-About 250-300 labor hours required to
    produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat.

6
1830s
  • 1834 McCormick reaper patented.
  • 1834-McCormick reaper patented.
  • John Lane began to manufacture plows faced with
    steel saw blades.

The McCormick Reaper.
7
1830s
  • 1837-John Deere and Leonard Andrus began
    manufacturing steel plows.
  • Practical threshing machine patented

John Deere
8
1840s
  • 1840s-The growing use of factory-made
    agricultural machinery increased farmers need
    for cash and encouraged commercial farming.

9
1840s
  • 1841-Practical grain drill patented.
  • 1842-First grain elevator, Buffalo, NY
  • 1844-Practical mowing machine patented
  • 1847-Irrigation begun in Utah
  • 1849-Mixed chemical fertilizers sold commercially.

10
1850s
  • 1850-About 75-90 labor-hours required to produce
    100 bushels of corn (2 ½ acres)
  • 1850-70 Expanded market for ag. Products brought
    adoption of improved technology and resulting
    increases in farm production.

11
1850s
  • 1854-Self-governing windmill perfected.
  • 1856-2-horse straddle-row cultivator patented.

A windmill
12
1860s
  • Change from hand power to horse. The first Ag.
    Revolution.
  • 1865-75 Gang plows and sulky plows came into use.
  • 1868-Steam tractors were tried out.
  • Spring-tooth harrow or seedbed preparation
    appeared.

13
1870s
  • 1870s -Silos came into use.
  • 1870s-Deep-well drilling first widely used.
  • 1874-Glidden barbed wire patented.
  • Availability of barbed wire allowed fencing of
    rangeland, ending era of unrestricted open-range
    grazing.

14
1880s
  • 1880-William Deering put 3,000 twine binders on
    the market.
  • 1884-90-Horse-drawn combine used in Pacific coast
    wheat areas.

A binder
15
1890s
  • 1890-95
  • Cream separators came into wide use.
  • 1890-99-Average annual consumption of commercial
    fertilizer1,845,900 tons.

Cream seperators
16
1890s
  • 1890s- Agriculture became increasingly
    mechanized and commercialized.
  • 1890-35-40 labor-hours required to produce 100
    bushels of corn (2 ½ acres.)

17
1900s
  • 1900-1909-Average annual consumption of
    commercial fertilizer3,738,300 tons.
  • 1900-1910-George Washington Carver, pioneered in
    new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and
    soybeans, thus helping to diversify southern
    agriculture.

George Washington Carver
18
1910s
  • 1910-1915-Big open geared gas tractors came into
    use in areas of extensive farming.
  • 1915-20 Enclosed gears developed for tractors.
  • 1918-Small prairie-type combine with auxiliary
    engine introduced.

19
1920s
  • 1920-1929-Average annual consumption of
    commercial fertilizer6,845,800 tons.
  • 1920-40 Gradual increase in farm production
    resulting from expanded use of mechanized power.
  • 1926- Successful light tractor develop.

A Fordson Tractor
20
1930s
  • 1930-39 Average annual consumption of commercial
    fertilizer6,599,913 tons.
  • All-purpose, rubber-tired tractor with
    complementary machinery came into wide use.

21
1930s
  • 1930-One farmer supplied 9.8 persons in the
    United States and abroad.
  • 15-20 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels
    of corn.

22
1940s
  • One farmer supplied 10.7 persons in the United
    States and abroad.
  • 1941-45 Frozen foods popularized.
  • Spindle cotton produced commercially.

23
1940s
  • 1945-Change from horses to tractors-The second
    great ag. Revolution.
  • 10-14 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels
    of corn.

24
1950s
  • 1950-59-Average annual consumption of commercial
    fertilizer 22,340,666 tons.
  • 1950-One farmer supplied 15.5 persons in the U.S.
    and abroad.

25
1950s
  • 1954-Number of tractors on farmers exceeded the
    number of horses and mules for first time.
  • 1955- 6 ½ labor hours required to produce 100
    acres of wheat.

26
1960s
  • 1960-One farmer supplied 25.8 persons in the
    United States and abroad.
  • 1965-5 labor-hours required to produce 100
    bushels of wheat.
  • 1965-Federal loans and grants for water/sewer
    systems began.

27
1970s
  • 1970s No-tillage ag. popularized.
  • One farmer supplied 75.8 persons in the U.S. and
    abroad.
  • 1975-3 ½ hours labor hours required to produce
    100 bushels of corn.

28
1980-1990
  • 1980s-More farmers use no-till or low till.
  • 1987 2 ¾ hours required to produce 100 bushels of
    corn (1 1/8 ac.)
  • 1989-More farmers began to use low-input
    sustainable agriculture, to decrease chemical
    applications.

29
Special Thanks To the U.S.D.A.In the production
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