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Geoinformatics at the USGS: Data to Knowledge to Application

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Title: Geoinformatics at the USGS: Data to Knowledge to Application


1
Geoinformatics at the USGSData to Knowledge to
Application!
  • Linda C. Gundersen
  • Chief Scientist for Geology
  • U.S. Geological Survey May 2006

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological
Survey
2
Geoinformatics
  • Discovery, integration, management and
    visualization of geoscience data to improve our
    understanding of the processes that have shaped
    the earth and planets over time.
  • But it is something more!

3
Application!
  • Not just the quest for knowledge and discovery in
    the process of developing the Geoinformatics
    framework but the ability to guide, predict,
    and forecast the events, policy, and decisions
    that shape and enhance our lives!
  • USGS is a mission agency science for decision
    making

4
USGS Mission
  • The USGS serves the Nation by providing reliable
    scientific information to
  • Describe and understand the Earth
  • Minimize loss of life and property from natural
    disasters
  • Manage water, biological, energy, and mineral
    resources
  • Enhance and protect our quality of life.

through scientific monitoring, research, and
assessment!
5
USGS Role in Geoinformatics
  • Fundamental develop, maintain, make
    accessible
  • Long-term national and regional geologic,
    hydrologic, biologic, and geographic databases
  • Earth and planetary imagery
  • Open-source models of the complex natural systems
    and human interaction with that system
  • Physical collections of earth materials, biologic
    materials, reference standards, geophysical
    recordings, paper records.
  • National geologic, biologic, hydrologic, and
    geographic monitoring systems
  • Standards of practice for the geologic,
    hydrologic, biologic, and geographic sciences

6
USGS Role in Geoinfomatics
  • All activities Data creation, modeling,
    monitoring, collections, standards etc. Must be
    done in cooperation and collaboration with the
    public and governmental, academic, and private
    sector partners and stakeholders.
  • A critical USGS role
  • facilitate bringing communities together!

7
Data Collections versus Communities of Practice
  • Geoinformatics must evolve beyond the
    accumulation of data, models, and standards to
    become the framework for a community of practice
    in the natural sciences.
  • Etienne Wegner and Jean Lave coined the term and
    developed the learning theory of communities of
    practice that we learn not only as individuals
    but as communities. By engaging in communities
    of practice we increase our capacity and
    innovation as well as leverage our support for
    areas of interest.

8
Creativity, Learning, and Innovation
  • A community of practice is not merely a community
    with a common interest. But are practitioners
    who share experiences and learn from each other.
    They develop a shared repertoire of resources
    experiences, stories, tools, vocabularies, ways
    of addressing recurring problems. This takes time
    and sustained interaction. Standards of practice
    and reference materials will grow out of this.
    But the critical benefits include creating and
    sustaining knowledge, leveraging of resources,
    and rapid learning and innovation.

9
USGS can only do what it does because of its
partners--and the communities of practice that
have evolved over the past 100 years
  • What follows are examples of databases, models,
    and informatics, all collaborative efforts that
    are contributing to Geoinfomatics as well as
    Bioinformatics and other similar efforts.

10
1000s of National and Regional Databases
  • The National Map topographic, elevation,
    orthoimagery, transportation hydrography etc.
  • Geospatial One Stop-portal
  • MRDATA Mineral Resources and Related Data
  • The National Geologic Map Database stnadardized
    community collection of geologic mapping
  • National Water Information System - NWISWeb
  • National Geochemical Survey Database (PLUTO,
    NURE)
  • National Geophysical Database (aeromag, gravity,
    aerorad)
  • Earthquake Catalogs
  • North American Breeding Bird Survey
  • National Vegetation/speciation maps
  • National Oil and Gas Assessment
  • National Coal Quality Inventory

11
Global and National Monitoring Systems
  • National Stream Flow Information Program
  • Advanced National Seismic System
  • National Volcano Early Warning System
  • Debris Flow Warning System
  • Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost
  • Landsat 5 and 7
  • Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends
  • National Bird Banding Program
  • Land Cover/Land Change Monitoring
  • Famine Early Warning System
  • National Water Quality Assessment Program
  • All heavily partnered and leveraged!

12
USGS Water Monitoring
  • Stream flow percentile warm colors are below
    normal, dark colors above normal stations with
    at least 30 years of data

Real-time discharge data for specific gages
Floods, drought, use, quality, availability,
conservation
13
Over 100 open source hydrologic models offered
free on-line for download
  • MODFLOW, MODFLOW-2005 and related programs 3D
    flow, transport, particle tracking, water budget,
    user-interfaces, surface-water interactions, and
    parameter estimation
  • PHREEQC Version 2.7, PHREEQCI, NETPATH and
    related models Speciation, Batch-Reaction,
    One-Dimensional Transport, and Inverse
    Geochemical Calculations. Net geochemical
    reactions along a flow path
  • SUTRA and related programs 2D, 3D,
    variable-density, variably-saturated flow, solute
    or energy transport
  • WATEQ4F Version 2.46, (Oct. 23, 2002) Calculating
    speciation of major, trace, and redox elements in
    natural waters

14
Unique data - Astrogeology Research Program
  • Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature Access to
    the official International Astronmical Union
    approved names for planetary features
  • Database of Impact Craters on Venus Searchable
    listing of impact craters on Venus and
    information about ongoing work
  • Historical Lunar Data Archive Download images
    and data from products derived from Apollo, Lunar
    Orbiter, Galileo, Zond 8, and Earth-based
    observations.
  • Geologic Mapping Download digital planetary
    geologic maps, learn about mapping efforts, and
    access mapping resources from the Planetary
    Geologic Mapping Program

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) - GIS data,
maps, tools, and discussion board on the PIGWAD
Planetary Geographic Information Systems web
site Global Land Ice Measurements from Space
(GLIMS) Using the World's Glaciers to Monitor
Climate Change
15
Geography and Imagery
Landsat Continuity - USGS operates with NASA the
Landsat 5 and 7 missions three decades of
imagery! - NASA will acquire a single continuity
mission in - a free-flyer spacecraft to collect
and provide data to the the USGS, who will be
responsible for the operations of the mission,
along with collecting, archiving, processing and
distributing the data to users.
Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program looks
at the dynamics (rates, scale, processes) of
landscape change over time
16
Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis
  • Applications of remote sensing to a wide array of
    problem solving and monitoring from volcanoes
    to coastal vulnerability.
  • Lidar showing the impacts of hurricanes.

17
The USGS Center for Biological Informatics serves
as the operating agent for the National
Biological Information Infrastructure, hosting
pages, managing the search engine, and developing
and providing standards, and procedures for
acquiring, managing, and sharing biological data
and information. CBI also develops, identifies,
and provides access to tools that facilitate
collection and use of biological information and
data,
18
The National Biological Information Infrastructure
  • The NBII through diverse partners and information
    nodes links a broad spectrum of high-quality
    biological databases, information products, and
    analytical tools maintained by NBII partners and
    other contributors in government agencies,
    academic institutions, non-government
    organizations, and private industry.
  • NBII partners and collaborators work together on
    new standards, tools, and technologies that make
    it easier to find, integrate, and apply
    biological resources information.
  • Resource managers, scientists, educators, and the
    general public use the NBII to answer a wide
    range of questions related to the management,
    use, or conservation of this nation's biological
    resources.

19
NBII Offers a wide array of services
  • Metadata Support Tools Tools for creating and
    managing metadata.
  • Tools for Environmental and Ecological Analysis
    Discussion and links to various online and
    offline tools for environmental and ecological
    analysis.
  • Vegetation Mapping "Plots" Database Tool
    Downloadable tool for collecting field data from
    vegetation mapping.
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information SystemAn
    authoritative source for biological names for the
    biota of North America.

20
Earthquake Monitoring, Research and Assessment
  • Broadly reaching community of practice with a
    globally and nationally distributed seismic
    network system Established community data
    standards, monitoring standards, shared tools,
    have governing bodies, have large coordinated
    research projects that are community driven like
    EarthScope, and supported by major groups SSA,
    USGS, NSF, FEMA, NIST, Incorporated Research
    Institutions for Seismology, Southern California
    Earthquake Center, emergency managers,
    governments, industry, citizens.

21
Global and National Earthquake Monitoring
  • PAGER - Global Predictive Shake Maps are combined
    with population exposure.
  • Alerts provide population as function of shaking
    intensity.
  • Alerts are automatically sent to sponsoring
    agencies, including USAID, USGS, others.

22
Incorporating complex data into applied models.
the hand off!
ShakeMap for the M6.0 Parkfield earthquake Sep.
28, 2004
FEMA-generated loss estimation results based on
ShakeMap data
23
Building a National Volcano Early Warning System
Monitoring comes from disparate sources
24
A New Opportunity National Geological and
Geophysical Data Preservation Program Act of 2005
  • Directs the USGS to establish the Program,
    authorized at 30M per year for 5 years to
  • Archive geologic, geophysical, and engineering
    data, maps, well logs, and samples
  • Provide a National Catalog of archived material
  • Provide technical and financial assistance
    related to research and preservation of archived
    material
  • Includes land management agencies and the state
    geological surveys, (many of which are associated
    with universities)

25
In Summary Bring it Together Through Communities
of Practice
  • Develop a shared repertoire of resources
    experiences, stories, tools, vocabularies, ways
    of addressing recurring problems. This takes time
    and sustained interaction. Standards of practice
    and reference materials will grow out of this.
    But the critical benefits include creating and
    sustaining knowledge, leveraging of resources,
    and rapid learning and innovation.
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