Washington 101: The Federal Legislative Process - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Washington 101: The Federal Legislative Process PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 150ab8-YWJhN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Washington 101: The Federal Legislative Process

Description:

What do you want to achieve while attending the 2009 PTA Legislative Conference? ... Is there an upcoming election? Is the member a lame duck? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:116
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 58
Provided by: kerih
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Washington 101: The Federal Legislative Process


1
Washington 101 The Federal Legislative Process
Elizabeth S. Rorick, J.D. Senior Policy Strategist
  • 2009 Legislative Conference

2
Agenda
  • Goals for the 2009 Legislative Conference
  • How a Bill Becomes a Law
  • Advocacy
  • Activity!

3
Legislative Conference Goals!!
  • What do you want to achieve while attending the
    2009 PTA Legislative Conference?

4
What is Congress?
5
Congressional Makeup?
  • In the current Congress, there are
  • African-American Members 39 in House 1 in
    Senate.
  • Hispanic-American Members 24 in House 3 in
    Senate
  • Asian-American Members 6 in House 1 in Senate
  • Native American Members 2 in House 0 in Senate

6
Elected Officials
  • House of Representatives
  • 435 voting members (from the 50 states)
  • 5 non-voting delegates (from the District of
    Columbia and the U.S. Territories)
  • Each voting member represents a congressional
    district
  • 2-year term
  • Elected every two years

7
Elected Officials
  • House of Representatives
  • (1) California (53 Members)(2) Texas (32)(3)
    New York (29)(4) Florida (25)(5) Pennsylvania
    (19)(6) Illinois (19)(7) Ohio (18)(8) Michigan
    (15)(9) New Jersey (13)(9) North Carolina (13)
    (9) Georgia (13) (10) Massachusetts (10)

8
Elected Officials
  • Senate
  • 100 Senators
  • 2 from each state
  • Statewide representation
  • 6 year term
  • Senate is broken into 3 classes
  • 1/3 of Senate is re-elected every 2 years

9
House vs. Senate
  • House
  • Limited debate
  • All bills to raise revenue (tax bills) originate
    in the House
  • Floor Procedures are more predictable
  • Rules Committee has much more powerful role
  • Senate
  • Unlimited Debate unless limited by a cloture
    vote
  • Approves Cabinet and Federal judge nominations
  • Approves Treaties

10
(No Transcript)
11
Forms of Congressional Action
  • Bill
  • Form used for most legislation
  • May originate in either House or Senate (H.R or
    S.)

12
Forms of Congressional Action
  • Joint Resolution
  • May originate in either House or Senate (H.J. Res
    or S.J. Res)
  • Usually has a preamble before the resolving
    clause

13
Forms of Congressional Action
  • Concurrent Resolution
  • Usually a matter affecting the operation of the
    House or Senate
  • Usually not legislative in character

14
Forms of Congressional Action
  • Simple Resolution
  • Very similar to a concurrent resolution
  • Only considered in its body of introduction

15
Types of Bills
  • Authorization Bills
  • Establish, continue or modify federal programs
  • Prerequisite under House and Senate rules in
    order to appropriate funding
  • May be permanent or only cover specific years

16
Types of Bills
  • Appropriations Bills
  • Provide budget authority to an agency for
    specified purposes.
  • Originate in the House of Representatives
  • Fund discretionary agencies and programs
  • Each of the 13 subcommittees of the House and
    Senate Appropriations Committees is responsible
    for one appropriations act.

17
Bill Introduction
  • What shapes the bill-making process?
  • Members introduce legislation in response to
    their own life experiences
  • How does the subject matter affect their family
    members? Their children?

18
Bill Introduction
  • Current Events
  • Reagan Assassination attempt
  • World War II
  • Current U.S. Recession
  • California Metro Link Tragedy

19
Examples
  • Rep. Patrick Kennedy Mental Health and
    Addiction Equity Act of 2008
  • Rep. Carolyn McCarthy Gun Control Issues
  • Senator Gordon Smith Garret Lee Smith Memorial
    Act
  • Senator Arlen Specter NIH Funding
  • Rep. Lois Capps Chair of Nursing Caucus

20
Cosponsors?
  • Dear Colleague letters
  • Floor contact
  • Caucus meetings
  • Grassroots contact
  • Coalition building

21
Committee Process
  • Congress divides work among committees
  • The Chair (Majority Party) controls committees
    business
  • Importance of staff

22
Bill Movement
23
Committee Process
24
Committee Hearing
25
PTACommittees of Jurisdiction
  • Senate
  • Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
    Committee (HELP)
  • Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA), Chairman
  • Senator Mike Enzi , Ranking Member (R-WY)

26
Senate HELP Committee
  • Jurisdiction over
  • Education, labor, health and public welfare
  • Children and family issues
  • Public Health
  • Student loans

27
Senate HELP Committee
  • HELP Democrats by Rank
  • Edward Kennedy (MA)
  • Christopher Dodd (CT)
  • Tom Harkin (IA)
  • Barbara Mikulski (MD)
  • Jeff Bingaman (NM)
  • Patty Murray (WA)
  • Jack Reed (RI)
  • Bernard Sanders (I) (VT)
  • Sherrod Brown (OH)
  • Robert P. Casey, Jr. (PA)
  • Kay Hagan (NC)
  • Jeff Merkley (OR)

28
Senate HELP Committee
  • HELP Republicans by Rank
  • Mike Enzi (WY)Judd Gregg (NH)Lamar Alexander
    (TN)Richard Burr (NC)Johnny Isakson (GA)John
    McCain (AZ)Orrin G. Hatch (UT)Lisa Murkowski
    (AK)Tom Coburn, M.D. (OK)Pat Roberts (KS)

29
Senate HELP Subcommittee on Children and
Families
  • Jurisdiction Over
  • Head Start
  • Family Medical Leave Act
  • Child Care
  • Child Support
  • Other issues involving children, youth and
    families

30
Senate HELP Subcommittee on Children and
Families
  • Democrats Republicans
  • Christopher Dodd (CT) Lamar Alexander (TN)
  • Jeff Bingaman (NM) Judd Gregg (NH)
  • Patty Murray (WA) Lisa Murkowski (AL)
  • Jack Reed (RI) Orrin Hatch (UT)
  • Bernie Sanders (VT) Pat Roberts (KS)
  • Edward Kennedy (MA) Mike Enzi (WY)
  • Ex Officio positions

31
PTACommittees of Jurisdiction
  • House of Representatives
  • House Education and Labor Committee (Ed and
    Labor)
  • Chairman George Miller (D- CA)
  • Ranking Member Howard Buck McKeon (R-CA)

32
House Education and Labor Committee
  • Jurisdiction Over
  • Basic education issues
  • Child Labor
  • Food programs for children in schools
  • Vocational rehabilitation
  • Student assistance

33
House Education and Labor Committee
  • Subcommittees of Interest to PTA
  • Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary
    Education
  • Rep. Dale Kildee (D-MI), Chairman
  • Rep. Mike Castle (R-DE), Ranking Member
  • Healthy Families and Communities
  • Rep. Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY), Chairwoman
  • Rep. Todd Platts (R-PA), Ranking Member

34
Floor Consideration
35
Floor Consideration
  • YES NO
  • Sent to other Chamber Fails

36
Conference Process
  • House Senate

Conference Committee
Agree
Do not Agree
37
Presidential Action
38
What is Advocacy?
  • First Amendment
  • Every citizen has the right to petition the
    government for redress of grievances!!

39
Why advocate?
  • Arizona Donkeys cannot sleep in bathtubs.
  • Alabama You cannot chain your alligator to a
    fire hydrant.
  • Indiana Bathing is prohibited during the
    winter.
  • Kansas It is illegal to hunt whales.
  • Massachusetts Snoring is prohibited unless all
    bedroom windows are closed and securely locked.
  • Ohio It is illegal to get a fish drunk.
  • West Virginia Whistling underwater is
    prohibited.

40
Why advocate?
  • Personal story
  • Injustice
  • To right a wrong
  • Fix current legislation

41
Keys to Advocacy
  • Contacts!

42
Congressional StaffPersonal Office
43
Committee Staff
44
Opportunities for Advocacy
45
Pass or Fail?
  • Questions to Ask
  • What are the merits of the issue?
  • What impact does it have on his/her district?
  • Does it involve possible job losses?
  • What is the cost?
  • What is the issue's impact on the economy or
    business?

46
Pass or Fail?
  • Other Questions to Ask
  • Is there an upcoming election?
  • Is the member a lame duck?
  • Have issue proponents or opponents made campaign
    contributions?
  • Does the issue have the commitment of an interest
    group?
  • Does the issue have support from the President?

47
Pass or Fail?
  • Other Questions to Ask
  • What are the members committee assignments?
  • What is the staff advice on the issue?
  • What is the position of their political party?
  • What's the general public sentiment about the
    issue?
  • Are the members of a caucus?

48
Keys to Advocacy!
  • Quantify the need!
  • Use data to support the need!
  • Bring anecdotal evidence!

49
Whats Going On in DC?
  • Economic Stimulus Package!!

50
Education Funding
  • State Fiscal Stabilization Fund
  • 53.6 Billion
  • State Incentive Grants (4.35 Billion)
  • Innovation Funds (650 million)
  • Assistance to States for Budget shortfalls

51
Economic StimulusEducation Funding
  • Title I
  • Additional 13 Billion (includes 3 billion set
    aside for school improvement activities)
  • Special Education (IDEA)
  • 11.3 Billion PART B grants to states
  • 400 million PART B preschool grants
  • 500 million PART C infants and families

52
Economic StimulusEducation Funding
  • Head Start 1 Billion
  • 1.1 billion for Early Head Start
  • National School Lunch Program
  • 100 million for equipment grants
  • Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women,
    Infants and Children (WIC)
  • 500 million

53
PTAOffice of Public Policy
54
PTA A Day in the Life
  • Congressional hearings
  • Coalition meetings
  • Press conferences
  • Schedule and attend Hill meetings
  • Attend internal staff strategy meetings
  • Solicit feedback from PTA members and staff
  • Draft legislation and congressional testimony

55
  • Questions Answers

56
Contact Us
  • PTA National Office of
  • Programs and Public Policy
  • 1400 L St., NW, Suite 300
  • Washington, DC 20005
  • (202) 289-6790
  • www.pta.org

57
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com