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Title:

The Judicial Branch

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Writ of Certiorari. Remand. Original jurisdiction. Judicial Review ... Writ of Certiorari An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Judicial Branch


1
The Judicial Branch
  • Terms and Criminal Proceedings

2
Important Terms
  • Chief Justice
  • Jurisdiction
  • Concurring opinion
  • Exclusive jurisdiction
  • Grand jury
  • Writ of Certiorari
  • Remand
  • Original jurisdiction
  • Judicial Review
  • Associate Justices
  • Article Three
  • Concurrent jurisdiction
  • District Courts
  • Civil Case
  • Majority
  • Supreme Court
  • Jury
  • Court martial
  • Congress
  • Life
  • Appeals
  • Docket
  • Dissenting Opinion
  • Criminal case
  • subpoena

3
Terms Defined
  • Chief Justice? The top judge in the Supreme
    Court.
  • Jurisdiction? The authority of the court to hear
    a case.
  • Concurring opinion? If a Supreme Court Justices
    decision agrees with the majority.
  • Exclusive jurisdiction? Power of the federal
    courts alone to hear certain cases.
  • Grand jury? A group of people who listens to the
    evidence that is available to see if there is
    enough for a trial.

4
Terms Defined
  • Writ of Certiorari? An order by a higher court
    directing a lower court to send up the record in
    a given case for review from the Latin meaning
    to be more certain.
  • Remand? Occurs when the Appeals Court sends a
    case back down to District Court for retrial.
  • Original jurisdiction? The case must be heard in
    a District Court first.
  • Judicial Review? The power of a court to
    determine the constitutionality of a governmental
    action.

5
Terms Defined
  • Associate Justices? The Supreme Court is made up
    of one Chief Justice and eight associates.
  • Article Three? Created the Judicial Branch
  • Concurrent jurisdiction? Allows federal and state
    courts to try a case.
  • District Courts? The lowest federal courts where
    federal cases begin. They are the only federal
    courts where trials are held.

6
Terms Defined
  • Civil Case? A case involving a non-criminal
    matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of
    patent infringement.
  • Majority opinion? Officially called the Opinion
    of the Court announces the Courts decision in a
    case and set out the reasoning opinion which it
    is based.
  • Supreme Court? The only court that was created by
    the Constitution.
  • Jury? A body of persons selected according to law
    who hear evidence and decide questions of fact in
    a court case.
  • Court Martial? A court composed of military
    personnel, for the trial of those accused of
    violating military law.

7
Terms Defined
  • Congress? Inferior Courts are created by.
  • Life? A federal judges term.
  • Appeals Court? This court makes sure that a
    suspect received a fair trial in District Court.
  • Docket? A courts list of cases to be heard.
    (Court Calendar)
  • Dissenting opinion? A justice that has as opinion
    that is not of the majority.

8
Terms Defined
  • Criminal Case? A case in which a defendant is
    tried for committing a crime as defined by the
    law.
  • Subpoena? An order for a person to appear and to
    produce documents or other requested materials.

9
Criminal Procedure
  • Arrest
  • Police arrest and book suspect
  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Suspect appears before a judge and bail is set.
  • Indictment
  • Grand Jury or judge hears evidence and formally
    charges the suspect of the crime.

10
Criminal Procedure
  • Arraignment
  • Defendant pleads not guilty
  • Trial date is set
  • Defendant pleads guilty
  • Possibly a plea bargain
  • Trial
  • Prosecution and defense present case to jury or
    judge and they reach a verdict.
  • Acquittal
  • Defendant is found not guilty and goes free.
  • Sentencing
  • Defendant found guilty judge sentences defendant
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