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Ch 2 Personality Assessment

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Case study of Ted Bundy, serial killer of women. Early ... Altruism. Compliance. Modesty. Tender-mindedness. Conscientiousness. Competence. Order. Dutifulness ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch 2 Personality Assessment


1
1/16/07
  • Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • 1. Case study method
  • Ch 3 Trait Taxonomies
  • 2. Reasons for them
  • 3. Specific taxonomies
  • 4. Big 5 assessment

2
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Research designs
  • 1. Experimental
  • 2. Correlational
  • 3. Case study

3
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Case study method

4
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Case study of Ted Bundy, serial killer of women
  • Life experiences

5
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Case study of Ted Bundy, serial killer of women
  • Inferred traits

6
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Case study of Ted Bundy, serial killer of women
  • Early signs
  • Young child

7
Ch 2 Personality Assessment
  • Case studies
  • material for theory hypotheses
  • E.g., aspects of serial killers
  • -

8
Ch 3 Trait Taxonomies
  • Chapter 3 trait taxonomies
  • Most important differences?
  • How do different traits relate to each other?

9
Ch 3 Trait Taxonomies
  • Why a taxonomy?
  • 15,000 trait terms
  • Studying each in isolation folly
  • 1960s research

10
Ch 3 Trait Taxonomies
  • Why a taxonomy?
  • A few basic dimensions
  • Capture most important ind diffs
  • Establishing a taxonomy

11
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Fact 1 Fact 2
    Fact 3
  • (extraversion) (ambition)
    (creativity)
  • Humorous .66 .06 .19
  • Amusing .65 .23 .02
  • Popular .57 .13 .22
  • Hard-working .05 .63 .01
  • Productive .04 .52 .19
  • Determined .23 .52 .08
  • Imaginative .01 .09 .62
  • Original .13 .05 .53
  • Inventive .06 .26 .47

12
Ch 3 Trait Taxonomies
  • Taxonomies
  • 1. Eysencks Big 3
  • 2. Cattells 16 personality factors
  • 3. Interpersonal Circumplex
  • 4. Big 5

13
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Hans Eysenck
  • Born 1916 in Germany
  • Intense dislike of Hitler
  • Moves to London during Hitlers rise to power
  • 40 books, 700 articles
  • Most cited psychologist
  • Died 1998

14
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Eysencks model
  • Somewhat theoretical approach

15
Hierachical Structure of Extraversion-Introversion
(E)
  • Narrower traits include
  • Sociable
  • Lively
  • Assertive
  • Sensation-seeking
  • Carefree
  • Dominant

16
Hierarchical Structure of Neuroticism (N)
  • Narrower traits include
  • Anxious
  • Depressed
  • Low SE
  • Tense
  • Irrational
  • Moody

17
Hierarchical Structure ofPsychoticism (P
  • Narrower traits include
  • Aggressive
  • Cold
  • Egocentric
  • Antisocial
  • Unempathic
  • Tough-minded

18
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Cattells taxonomy
  • Born in England, 1905
  • Worked with Spearman
  • Also died in 1998, as did Eysenck
  • 50 books, 500 articles

19
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (Cattells taxonomy)
  • Labeled factors A, B, and so on

20
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (Cattells taxonomy)
  • Factor A warmth (similar to E)
  • Factor B intelligence
  • Factor C emotional stability (-N)
  • Factor E dominance (now part of E)
  • Factor F impulsivity
  • And so on

21
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (Cattells taxonomy)
  • Criticism

22
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (circumplex models)
  • Leary
  • LSD experiments
  • Prior to that

23
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (circumplex models)
  • Wiggins
  • 2 decades after Leary
  • Wanted to develop scales for circumplex

24
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
25
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (circumplex models)
  • Wiggins
  • Statistical implications of
  • Adjacency (pos corr)
  • Bipolarity (neg corr)
  • Orthogonality (no corr)

26
Big 5 circumplex
  • Advantage of circumplex
  • Disadvantage of circumplex

27
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Five factor model
  • Past decade
  • McCrae, Costa, John, Goldberg, Saucier
  • Some consensus on 5 major dimensions

28
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (Five factor model)
  • 1. Extraversion
  • 2. Agreeableness
  • 3. Conscientiousness
  • 4. Emotional stability
  • 5. Openness-intellect

29
Extraversion
  • Warmth
  • Gregariousness
  • Assertiveness
  • Activity
  • Excitement seeking
  • Positive emotions

30
Agreeableness
  • Trust
  • Straightforwardness
  • Altruism
  • Compliance
  • Modesty
  • Tender-mindedness

31
Conscientiousness
  • Competence
  • Order
  • Dutifulness
  • Achievement striving
  • Self-discipline
  • Deliberation

32
Neuroticism
Anxiety Angry hostility Depression Self-consciousn
ess Impulsiveness Vulnerability
33
Openness to Experience
  • Fantasy
  • Aesthetics
  • Feelings
  • Actions
  • Ideas
  • Values

34
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • (five factor model)
  • Empirical evidence

35
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Correlates of Extraversion

36
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Correlates of Agreeableness

37
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Correlates of Conscientiousness

38
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Correlates of Neuroticism

39
Ch 3 Traits Trait Taxonomies
  • Correlates of Openness

40
Big 5 personality inventory
  • Big 5 inventory
  • Lets administer this
  • Responses anonymous
  • However, we need an identity that we can use
    later on
  • Please choose 2 word phrase that you will
    remember
  • E.g., fuzzy bunny
  • E.g., car parts
  • E.g., pots pans
  • E.g., frozen tundra

41
Big 5 personality inventory
  • On top of questionnaire, write 2 word phrase for
    you
  • Complete report
  • Hand it in to me
  • Usefulness of exercise
  • Familiarity with a Big 5 measure
  • Feedback on your personality
  • Personality correlates of this class
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