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War Languages Women and war in the art of Kthe Kollwitz

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Degas' penetrating observation, captured subtle differences in people's faces ... Degas respected the hard-working immigrants ... etching and aquatint, 1906 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: War Languages Women and war in the art of Kthe Kollwitz


1
War LanguagesWomen and war in the art ofKäthe
Kollwitz
  • Vesa Matteo Piludu

University of Helsinki Department of Art Research
2
Millet Gleaners 1857
3
Angelus
4
Shepherdess with Her Flock1864
5
TitleThe WeedersDate 1868
6
Song of the Lark, 1884
7
Woman Sewing by Lamplight 1870
8
Jean Francois Millet - 1850
9
Millet Winnower 1847-8
10
Courbet, The grain Sifters
11
Gustave Courbet, Sleeping spinner 1857
12
A woman Asleep 1657
13
Daumier, Honor Laveuse au Quai d'Anjou
(Laundress on the Quai d'Anjou) c. 1860
14
Daumier, Honor The Burden (The Laundress) c.
1850-53
15
Degas, women ironig
16
Degas
  • Degas penetrating observation, captured subtle
    differences in peoples faces and body language
    (especially within different economic classes).
  • Degas respected the hard-working immigrants from
    Eastern Europe, especially working women.

17
Woman ironing', Edgar Degas, c.1890
  • The art of Degas was that of a 'Naturalist',
    depicting what was considered vulgar
  • laundresses were commonly thought of as
    borderline prostitutes - in a way that was almost
    scientific

18
Two washer women by Degas
19
Il quarto stato, Pellizza da Valpredo (1901)
20
Käthe Kollwitz - Farmers' war
  • Much of the art of modern social protest traces
    its roots to the work of German artist Käthe
    Kollwitz.
  • One of a cycle of prints and drawings which the
    youthful Kollwitz produced on the theme of
    peasant revolt
  • The cycle hearkened back to the Bauernkrieg
    (literally, "farmers' war") of the sixteenth
    century while portraying the dire straits of
    agricultural laborers in contemporary Germany.

21
Käthe Kollwitz Ploughers, etching and aquatint,
1906
  • The Plougher of her Peasant War series symbolises
    the oppressed of every age. Not the man behind
    the plough, but reduced to pulling it himself, he
    is a virtual beast of burden

22
Kathe Kollwitz (German, 1867 - 1945)Brot!
(Bread!)1933
23
Arbeitslosigkeit, 1909, (Unemployment )
24
Hunger, 1925
25
Käthe KollwitzHunger 1925
26
Mother Holding Child in Her Arms, Second Version
1910
27
Kathe Kollwitz, Poverty, 1893-94
28
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945), Tod in
Wasser / Death in the water
  • this lithograph, produced shortly after Hitler
    assumed power, shows a drowned family, perhaps a
    prophetic vision of Germany's future as a country
    about to be drowning in death

29
Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945), Woman with her Dead
Child (1903)
30
Käthe KollwitzDeath Seizes the Children 1934
31
KATHE KOLLWITZ 1867 - 1945Woman in the Lap of
Death (Tod mit Frau im Schoss)Woodcut on ivory
wove paper, 1921
32
Rosa Luxemburg
  • Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the
    founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus
    League)
  • On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg
    were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on
    the pretext that they were attempting escape.
  • In this instance Kollwitz emphasizes grief and
    the human element over any explicit political
    reference

33
lmost whetted by Käthe Kollwitz
  • No wonder the resentment of Kollwitz's peasant
    woman is also sharpened as she whets her
    scythe-in an etching significantly titled Almost
    whetted

34
Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945)Weberzug
March of the Weavers, fourth plate in Ein
Weberaustand Revolt of the Weavers, 1897
35
Käthe Kollwitz Revolt, THE PEASANT WAR 1899-1908
36
Käthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903
37
Kathe Kollwitz, Killed in Action (1921)
38
Kathe Kollwitz, Widows and Orphans (1919)
39
The parents
40
Mothers
41
After the Battle by Kathe Kollwitz.
42
The Survivors, a drawing by the German artist
Kathe Kollwitz, was used for a peace congress in
The Hague, Holland, in 1922.
  • The survivors say War to War!
  • The text on the right side says Do not teach the
    children to glorify the war and war hero's teach
    them to despise war
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