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Health Hazards of Secondhand Smoke

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... such as cadmium, lead, arsenic, benzene, carbon monoxide, out of which over 69 are carcinogenic. ... like nicotine, tar, benzene, carbon monoxide, ammonia, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Health Hazards of Secondhand Smoke


1
Health Hazards of Secondhand Smoke
  • Bhavna B Mukhopadhyay
  • Executive Director, VHAI
  • Media Release of National AQM Study
  • Constitution Club, New Delhi, 29 Oct 09

2
Tobacco A Deadly Epidemic
  • Tobacco use has already killed 100 million people
    worldwide in the 20th century and it can kill one
    billion people during the 21st century.

3
Deaths due to tobacco use is of urgent global
concern
5.4
4.0
3.0
Deaths per Year (Millions)
1.8
1.7
1.2
1.0
0.6
Lower Resp Infect
Measles
Tobacco
Diarrheal Disease
TB
Traffic Injuries
HIV /AIDS
Malaria
Unless urgent action is taken tobacco will kill 1
billion people this century World Health
Organization
3
4
Tobacco Death Toll
  • National Scenario
  • Nearly 1 million Indians will die annually from
    smoking alone by 2010.
  • 50 of cancer deaths, majority of cardio-vascular
    and lung disorders other related diseases are
    attributed to tobacco consumption.
  • Over 30,000 crores are spent to treat major
    tobacco related diseases in India, which is four
    times the revenue generated from the tobacco
    industry says Indian Council of Medical Research
    (ICMR)

5
What is Second Hand Smoke? How is it harmful to
health?
  • Secondhand smoke (SHS) is the combination of
    smoke from the burning end of the cigarette and
    the smoke exhaled by smokers. When we breathe
    secondhand smoke, it is like we are smoking.
  • There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand
    smoke. Breathing even a little SHS can be
    dangerous.

6

What is Second Hand Smoke? How is it harmful to
health?
  • SHS is a hazardous mixture which contains over
    4000 chemicals such as cadmium, lead, arsenic,
    benzene, carbon monoxide, out of which over 69
    are carcinogenic. These chemicals are released
    into the air as particles and gases like
    nicotine, tar, benzene, carbon monoxide, ammonia,
    formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide.
  • Secondhand smoke causes heart disease, lung
    cancer and serious respiratory diseases such as
    bronchitis and asthma.

7
Smoking and second-hand smoke damage every
part of the body
Smoking
Second-Hand Smoke
8
Effects of SHS on pregnant women, infants and
children
  • Secondhand smoke among pregnant women is a major
    cause of spontaneous abortions, still births, and
    sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after birth.
    Children are also more likely to have lung
    problems, ear infections, and severe asthma from
    being around tobacco smoke.

9
Effects of SHS on pregnant women, infants and
children
Contd.
  • Studies show that older children whose parents
    smoke get sick more often. Their lung growth is
    less than children who do not breathe secondhand
    smoke. They suffer from bronchitis and pneumonia.
    Wheezing and coughing are also more common in
    such children.
  • Secondhand smoke can trigger an asthma attack in
    a child. Children with asthma who are around
    secondhand smoke have worse attacks. More than 40
    percent of children who are admitted in emergency
    due to asthma live with smokers.

10
How is Secondhand smoke dangerous for the heart
and lungs in adults?
  • According to the US Surgeon Generals Report
    published by CDC, breathing secondhand smoke
    makes the platelets in your blood behave like
    those of a regular smoker. Even a short time in a
    smoky room causes the blood platelets to stick
    together. Secondhand smoke also damages the
    lining of your blood vessels. In your heart,
    these harmful changes can cause a deadly heart
    attack.
  • Secondhand smoke changes how your heart, blood,
    and blood vessels work in many ways. Adults who
    breathe 5 hours of secondhand smoke daily have
    higher bad cholesterol that clogs arteries.
  • Secondhand smoke causes lung cancer. Secondhand
    tobacco smoke contains the same cancer-causing
    chemicals that smokers inhale. Secondhand smoke
    causes lung cancer in adults who dont smoke.
    Breathing it at home or work increases the
    chances of getting lung cancer by 20 percent to
    30 percent. (CDC)

11
Secondhand smoke also causes other diseases
  • Secondhand smoke affects how well your lungs work
    in general. Being around smoke makes you more
    congested and cough more.
  • Secondhand smoke also irritates your skin, eyes,
    nose, and throat. If you have allergies or a
    history of breathing problems, secondhand smoke
    can make you even more sick.

12
Importance of creating comprehensive smoke free
environments
  • Scientific evidences prove that second-hand smoke
    is a public health hazard and smoke free public
    and work places are the only way to protect the
    health of our citizens.
  • Smoke free laws are successful and have multiple
    benefits they help the economy and enjoy public
    support. Smoke free laws have been enforced
    easily in France, UK, Uruguay, Ireland, Egypt,
    Hong Kong and many others.

13
Smoke free rules in India
  • India went smoke free on 2 October 2008. All
    public and work places such as offices, malls,
    banks, educational institutions, hotels,
    hospitals, libraries, post offices, restaurants
    and bars have been declared smoke free as
    mandated under Section 4 of COTPA.
  • No Smoking signages should be prominently
    displayed and owners and managers should ensure
    smoking is prohibited in the premises.

14
VHAIs AQM Study
  • Approximately one year after the implementation
    of smoke free rules, VHAI conducted an Air
    Quality Monitoring Study with 11 partner
    organizations across thecountry.
  • A total of 211 restaurants and bars were sampled
    in 16 cities, across 12 Indian states and Union
    territories which helped in evaluating the
    quality of air in public places like restaurants,
    bars, pubs etc.

15
Objectives of the Study
  • The study was conducted
  • To measure the level of particulate air pollution
    from secondhand smoke in public places
  • To compare the level of air quality in the
    smoking venues and smoke free venues
  • To demand urgent steps from the government to
    effectively implement the law, protect the health
    of citizens from secondhand smoke and deploy
    resources to increase compliance.

16
Conclusion
  • The methodology, major findings and details of
    the national level study are being released today
    to the policymakers and the media.
  • We hope that the recommendations and conclusions
    will be addressed by the government to make India
    truly smoke free.

17
  • THANK YOU
  • FOR YOUR SUPPORT!
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