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Crime Statistics and EU Organised Crime Threat Assessment

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EU Forum for the prevention of organised crime ... apprehend offenders, demolish criminal networks, and seize and confiscate the proceeds of crime. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Crime Statistics and EU Organised Crime Threat Assessment


1
Crime Statistics and EU Organised Crime Threat
Assessment
  • Prof. Dr. Tom Vander Beken
  • EU Forum for the prevention of organised crime
  • Towards comparable information on crime,
    victimisation and criminal justice an EU wide
    approach
  • European Commission, Brussels, 9 July 2004

2
Overview
  • 1. What organised crime information is available
    in the EU?
  • 2. What does the EU need?
  • 3. The EU-Action Plan
  • 4. Conclusions

3
1. Information on OC- State of the art
  • Collecting All MS and Europol collect
    information on organised crime. Nearly all
    information is law enforcement information.
    Definitions for data collection and data
    collection plans differ from MS to MS.
  • Analysing Organised crime information is
    analysed by all MS and Europol, but in different
    ways. This makes the national reports very hybrid
    and the drafting of an EU picture extremely
    difficult. Very few analytical standards. Mostly
    traditional crime analysis of criminals and
    groups. Hardly or not future oriented. No real
    threat assessment. Few assessments of harm.
  • Comparing National data and analysis are very
    different in nature and quality comparability?

4
2. What does the EU need?
  • Continued work is needed to improve the
    validity, reliability and international
    comparability of data on organised crime, and on
    the annual situation reports. In this connection
    a uniform concept of collection and use of data
    on organised crime and related phenomena should,
    to the maximum extent possible, be established so
    that a practical strategic analysis can be made,
    leading to the most appropriate measures to
    combat and prevent organised crime.
  • A more proactive, intelligence-led approach is
    needed to detect and interrupt organised criminal
    activities, apprehend offenders, demolish
    criminal networks, and seize and confiscate the
    proceeds of crime. The targetting of
    investigation and the planning of the response of
    society to organised crime requires knowledge of
    the profile, motives and modus operandi of the
    offenders, the scope and trends in organised
    crime, the impact of organised crime in society,
    and the effectiveness of the response to
    organised crime. This knowledge includes
    operational data (data related to individual
    suspected and detected cases) and empirical data
    (qualitative and quantitative criminological
    data) (Millenniumstrategy, 2000)
  • Analytical capacity within law enforcement
    agencies of the Member States is a rather new
    tool and, if available, is usually applied within
    the context of evidence gathering but not for
    detection and anticipation of crime-facilitating
    opportunities and crime trends. Threat
    assessments, situation reports and risk
    assessments (identification of vulnerable areas)
    carried out by law enforcement agencies are often
    descriptive analysis products. These products
    should, in addition, be turned into explanatory
    (understanding the causes of crime) and
    predictive (prognosis of future developments)
    analytical products. (Joint Report by the
    Commission Services and Europol, 2001)

5
3. The EU-Action plan (a)
  • 2000 Scientific research for the Belgian
    Minister of Justice on the development of a new
    methodology for the Belgian organised crime
    report. Introduction of a future oriented, risk
    based four-pillared reporting system
    environmental scan (1), oc-group analysis (2),
    counter measure analysis (3) and market (illegal
    and legal) analysis (4)
  • Reporting on organised crime. A Shift from
    Description to Explanation in the Belgian Annual
    Report on Organised Crime (2001)
  • 2001 Acceptance of the IRCP-methodology at
    EU-level
  • Action Plan to Study Organised Crime at
    European Level (Council of the European Union, 8
    January 2002, Crimorg 133, 14959/01)

6
3. The EU-action plan (b)
  • Conceptual, model, methodology and outcome (IRCP
    2001 and Crimorg 2001)

7
3. The EU-Action plan (c)
  • 2002-2003 Scientific research for the European
    Commission on the development of a methodology
    for measuring organised crime in Europe
    (IRCP-Transcrime-Swedish Council for Crime
    Prevention)
  • Pilot study in Belgium, Italy, Sweden and the EU
    current practices on measurement of oc,
    discussion on impact/harm oc, organised crime
    risk index
  • (co-financed under Hippokrates I programme
    JAI/2001/HIP/015)
  • Feasibility study of a risk-based methodology
    across the European Union best practices in
    other MS on reporting on oc, including analysis,
    data sources etc.
  • (co-financed under Hippokrates II programme -
    JAI/2002/HIP/009)
  • Measuring Organised Crime in Europe (2004)

8
3. The EU Action plan (d)
  • 2003-2004 Scientific research for the European
    Commission on the Measurement and Assessment of
    Vulnerability of Economic Sectors (MAVUS)
    development of a methodology and vulnerability of
    two economic sectors
  • (IRCP and Transcrime)
  • Financed under the AGIS programme
    (JAI/2003/AGIS/132)

9
3. The EU Action Plan (e)
  • 2004-2005 Scientific research for the European
    Commission on the Method and the Assessment of
    Likely Future Trends in Organised Crime in Europe
    (OCO) development of a method for environmental
    scanning, draft of an EU scan and three national
    scans (Belgium, Sweden and Slovenia)
  • (IRCP Swedish Council for Crime Prevention
    and Slovenian Office for Prevention of
    Corruption)
  • (To be financed under AGIS programme 2004)

10
4. Conclusions
  • Measurement of organised crime is a priority in
    the EU.
  • Reliable and comparable information and
    statistics are absolutely necessary
  • The methodological choices of the EU
    (risk/threat assessment) require not only data
    about crimes and criminals (law enforcement
    activity).
  • Importance of environmental scans, (legal and
    illegal) market analysis (vulnerability studies
    and studies about involvement).
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