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Smart Grid Technology

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Digital relays. Inverters & Balance of System. IED (Intelligent Electronics Devices) ... Tier 2 - Minor backhaul - Substations to the Smart Grid device or meter relay: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Smart Grid Technology


1
Smart Grid Technology
2
Smart Grid Definition
3
Smart Grid Definition (continued)
  • The basic concept of Smart Grid is to add
    monitoring, analysis, control and communication
    capabilities to the national electric grid in
    order to
  • improve reliability
  • maximize throughput
  • increase energy efficiency
  • provide consumer participation
  • allow diverse generation options
  • allow diverse and storage options

4
Smart Grid Definition (continued)
  • Smart Grid is a vision of
  • an intelligent, dynamic organism that allows
    the electricity system to be planned and operated
    in a way that optimizes all of its components to
    lower costs, increase reliability and utilize new
    ICT technologies. (by Dan Delurey, director of
    Demand Response and Advanced Metering
    Coalition-DRAM, USA)

5
Smart Grid Definition (continued)
6
Smart Grid Definition (continued)
Key sectors
7
Smart Grid Products Services may be classified
into 3 parts as follows
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
  • Intelligent devices
  • Advance Control System
  • Two-way communication

8
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
Products Services (continued)
  • Intelligent devices
  • Advance sensors and monitors
  • Digital relays
  • Inverters Balance of System
  • IED (Intelligent Electronics Devices)
  • Grid Aware Equipment
  • Smart Meters

9
Products Services (continued)
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
  • Advanced Control Systems
  • Distribution Automation
  • Energy Management
  • GIS Geographic Information System
  • DMS Demand Side Management
  • WAMS Wide Area Management Systems
  • Two-Way Communication
  • Real Time
  • Open Products
  • Seamless connections

10
Smart Grid enabling technologies
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
  • Unified Communication (audio/video/data)
  • PLC/BPL/DLC (on HV, MV, LV)
  • Wireless (WiMax, Wi-Fi, Zigbee, Cellular)
  • Large-Scale Integration of RT systems
  • IP based SCADA systems
  • M2M and M2B systems
  • RFID, Optical sensors
  • Surveillance (of grid elements)

11
Smart Grid Definition (Conclusions)
Smart Grid Applications at all levels (based on
international knowledge)
12
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
Smart Grid Electrical / Comm. Infrastructures
Fiber (FO) to Home - Pilot
EU FP7 - MICIE project Electrical
Grid Communication Grid

DMS Project

DSM (Demand Site
Management) Pilot Large Scale Integration for RT
systems - Pilot Wireless (Wi-Max) pilot PLC / BPL
/ DLC pilots M2B Pilot (Larotec) 2008
Intelligent metering for Industrial sector
project EU FP7 - 2008 DLC (2G), Open std for
Smart Grid
Centralized OM of Commun. Network (OPGW FO
Backbone- 2500 km) Interfaces between control
systems EMS / DMS / Substations data
13
Smart Grid-IEC involvement experience
  • Committed to promote technologies application
    for smart grid, IEC is involved in almost all
    layers presented.
  • A large number of enabling technologies are or
    were already evaluated and have been found as
    suitable, part of them already implemented in the
    existing infrastructure.

14
Telecommunication Services for Smart Grids
Integrated seamless communication system for
Power Utilities
15
Integrated Communications Architecture
The integrated communications network can be
segregated into four distinct segments or tiers
HV
MV
LV
In-House LV
16
Integrated Communications Architecture Israel
Electric
  • Tier 1 - Major backhaul - Data Center to the
    substations
  • OPGW fiber optic grid - 2500 km
  • DWDM SDH networks
  • Up to 2.5 Mbps per channel
  • Tier 2 - Minor backhaul - Substations to the
    Smart Grid device or meter relay
  • Wireless (VHF GPRS) - DMS project
  • Wireless (Wi-Max) - pilot, 2005
  • BPL (1G) - pilot, 2001
  • BPL (3G) - BPL tender, 2008
  • DLC (1G) - pilot, 2003
  • DLC (2G) - EU, CORDIS FP7 (in negotiations)
  • Tier 3 - Meter Data Collector communicates with
    the meter
  • BPL (3G) - BPL tender, 2008
  • DLC (2G) - EU, CORDIS FP7
  • Wireless (Wi-Fi) - video-surveillance
  • Wireless (GPRS) - AMR
  • Tier 4 - Meter to home energy management devices
  • PLC - DSM pilot, 2007

17
Acronyms
  • AMR Automatic Meter Reading
  • BPL Broadband over Power Line
  • DLC Distribution Line Carrier
  • DMS Distribution Management System
  • DSM Demand Side Management
  • DWDM Dense Wavelength Division Multiplex
  • GPRS General Packet Radio Service
  • OPGW Optical Ground Wire Cable
  • PLC Power Line Carrier
  • PLC Power Line Communication
  • SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
  • VHF Very High Frequency, 30300 MHz
  • W-Fi Wireless Fidelity, IEEE 802.11
  • Wi-Max Worldwide Interoperability for
    Microwave Access, IEEE 802.16

18
Israel Electric - BPL (3G) tender, 2008
36 Secondary (MV) Sub-Stations Throughput up to
200 Mbps Frequency 1.7 - 34 MHz
HE PLC Head End of Power Line Communication FO
Fiber Optic SS Secondary (MV) Sub-Station
19
Israel Electric - Wi-Max pilot, 2005
Throughput up to 70 Mbps Frequency 2.5
GHz IEEE 802.16-2004
20
Israel Electric - DLC (1G) pilot, 2003
Throughput up to 64 kbps Frequency 10 - 480 kHz
21
IEC experience in Telecom, Telemetry
Tele-control projects
  • RD activities
  • System Engineering
  • Conceptual Planning
  • Detail Design
  • Risk Management
  • Projects Management Supervision
  • Tenders Performance Management
  • System Implementation
  • System Deployment
  • System Integration
  • System Tests
  • System Training Knowledge Transfer
  • System Management
  • System Maintenance

22
ICT Expertise fields
23
e-Metering Technology
  • IEC implements e-metering for its own needs
  • IEC uses an in-house developed system to manage
    the remote meter reading (for billing purposes)
  • IEC is in the process of implementing a
    sophisticated software, using cellular (GPRS)
    communication
  • IEC will provide the customer capabilities of his
    own energy consumption
  • The software includes a billing module (not in
    use at IEC)

24
e-Metering Technology Cont.
  • IEC joined to ad-hock external projects with
    several software hardware companies with
    expertise in the metering field
  • IEC has experience in international tenders in
    this field, cooperating with the above mentioned
    companies
  • Those joint ventures introduced IEC to the most
    advanced technologies like PLC communication for
    metering purposes, remote switching for load
    management, etc.

25
e-Metering Technology Cont.
  • IEC established with its partners a
    multidisciplinary group of experts
  • projects management
  • Integration
  • Communications
  • Meters
  • IT
  • Hardware/meters engineering manufacturing
  • Installations

26
Energy Efficiency Management
27
1. Energy Efficiency Management definition
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Energy inputs are reduced for a given level of
    service
  • Increased (enhanced) services for a given amount
    of energy inputs.

28
Energy Efficiency Management IEC involvement
experience
  • Lighting efficiency Pilot employing
  • Remote command and control system for lighting
  • Electronic ballast control
  • Other new technologies
  • M2Web technology
  • LV DLC
  • Large scale integration project (Pilot stage)
    for building(s) management

29
Carbon Credits Management
30
Carbon Credit Management definition
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • United Nations framework to fight global warming.
  • The framework provide
  • 1. well defined methods of measuring Co2 and
    other GHG (Greenhouse gases) reductions.
  • 2. Open market trading mechanism of these GHG
    reductions.
  • Carbon Markets
  • Certified Market CDM (Clean Development
    Mechanism) enables trading with CERs (Certified
    Emission Reduction) following the UNFCC
    requirements.
  • Voluntary Market trading with VERs (Voluntary
    Emission Reduction) following the UNFCC
    requirements.

31
Carbon Credit Management international
activities
  • Possible Projects
  • Green Energy Generation Solar, Wind, Biomass,
    Hydro, natural gas etc..
  • Reduction of Consumption DSM technologies.
  • Energy Efficiency improvement.

32
Carbon Credit Management IEC involvement
experience
  • Green Energy Generation
  • 1. Natural gas widely implemented in IEC
    Generation.
  • 2. Wind early stage (several small projects).
  • DSM projects
  • Voluntary consumption reduction at peak hours
    agreement with large consumers.
  • Remote Control DSM technologies planned pilot
  • projects for near future implementation (in
    cooperation
  • with municipalities, institutions,
    trade/industrial centers etc.).

33
Distribution Automation
34
Distribution Automation (DA) Definition
  • MV Automation (Monitoring Control)
  • Substation SCADA systems
  • DMS, Districts Control Centers
  • other distributed IEDs all over the Electrical
    Grid (TRF, disconnectors, electrical switches,
    etc)
  • VPP Virtual Power Plants (DG, Photovoltaic, Wind,
    others)
  • Distribution switchgears/boards to MV consumers
  • LV Automation (Monitoring Control)
  • DER Distributed Energy Resources (Wind,
    Photovoltaic, DG, etc)
  • Distribution switchgears/panels to LV consumers
    (on poles or small residential bldgs)
  • Integration of all resources at all levels

35
DA Definition (continued)
36
DA Definition (continued)
37
DA IEC involvement experience
  • DMS (Distribution Management System) Project
  • Integration between various SCADA systems (EMS /
    DMS / Substation SCADA /etc)
  • Involvement of new technologies (Pilots for IP
    based SCADA, M2M, M2Web, IP video surveillance,
    IP Videoconference, new sensors, RFID, etc.
  • Large scale integration of Legacy
    operational/security systems (audio, video, data)

38
Thank You
39
DA Definition (continued)
40
1. DA Definition (continued)
41
DA Definition (continued)
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