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Viking Life


Although there is some truth in this view, there is also ... The Viking city of Jorvik (york) ... Jorvik (modern York) was an important town in Viking Britain. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Viking Life

Viking Life

Viking Life
  • When we use the term Viking many people think
    of savage men attacking and killing innocent
  • Although there is some truth in this view, there
    is also evidence to show that they were highly
    skilled craftspeople and farmers who often led
    peaceful lives in well ordered communities

Jarlshof- Viking farm
  • Violent storms ripped open a cliff at Sumburgh at
    the end of the 19th century to reveal a large
  • Before 800AD a family had uprooted from Norway to
    make a new life

Jarlshof- Viking farm
  • The dig revealed the other side of Viking
  • They found paintings of people working the land,
    fishing and dress wear, cooking utensils

The Viking city of Jorvik (york)
  • The captured the city in 866 and turned it into a
    great trading centre
  • Excavations suggest there may have been more than
    2000 houses

Viking houses
  • Most people lived on farms. Their houses were
    built of wood, stone or blocks of turf, with
    thatched or turf roofs.
  • Jorvik (modern York) was an important town in
    Viking Britain. Its houses were built of wood or
    wattle, crowded close together along narrow
  • The houses would have been quite dark and smoky,
    as there was no chimney smoke had to escape
    through the roof


Food and drink
  • All the food had to be stored in the home
  • Meat and fish were either dried or salted and
    then stored in wooden barrels
  • This could be taken on long sea voyages
  • Beer and mead were drunk from cattle horns
  • The horns could not sit on a table without
    spilling what was inside, so whatever was in them
    had to be drunk in one or passed to a neighbour

Men, women and children
  • Men worked on farms, or as craftsmen or traders.
    They handled boats for fishing or travelling.
    Sometimes a man had to fight to protect his
    family or to support his king or local chieftain.

Men, women and children
  • Women did all the household jobs. They also
    helped on the farm, milked the cows and made
    cheese. They spun, wove and sewed all the
    family's clothes, if there was any extra this
    could be sold for something that was needed like
    a new plough.
  • Children did not go to school. They helped their
    parents at work, and learned about history,
    religion and the law from stories. They became
    adults at the age of 15 or 16.

Food and feasting
  • Weddings, funerals and religious festivals were
    celebrated with a big feast for many guests. Some
    feasts lasted over a week!


Viking Society
  • Most Viking countries were ruled by kings.
  • Divided into 3 classes
  • At the top were the jarls the chieftains and
    military leaders
  • Then the bondis, the freemen who owned land
  • Lastly the thralls or slaves, they had a hard

Viking Society
A thing or assembly was a gathering of local
freemen. They met together regularly in the open
air to make and discuss laws and to decide
punishments for criminals.
Viking Society
  • Many Viking families got caught up in violent
    blood feuds. Any argument might end in a fight.
    If someone was killed, the dead man's family saw
    it as their right to take revenge. Blood-feuds
    sometimes ended by one side paying 'blood-money'
    as compensation.