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Church

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Internal problems leading to split (1054) The Inquisition (1229-1834) The Renaissance. Translation of Bible into different languages. Invention of the printing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Church


1
Church History
The Reformation
  • Elements Behind the Reformation
  • Corrupt practices of Catholicism
  • Internal problems leading to split (1054)
  • The Inquisition (1229-1834)
  • The Renaissance
  • Translation of Bible into different languages
  • Invention of the printing press (1454)

2
Church History
The Reformation
  • Early Rebellion
  • The Albigenses (1208-1400)
  • Peter Waldo (Puritan)
  • Peter Du Pres
  • John Wycliff (1320-1384)
  • John Huss (1369-1415)

3
Church History
The Reformation
  • The Reformers
  • Martin Luther
  • John Calvin
  • John Knox
  • Ulrich Zwingli
  • Henry VIII Church of England
  • John Charles Wesley

4
Church History
The Reformation
  • Origin of the Lutheran Church (1521)
  • Place Wittenberg, Germany
  • Founder Martin Luther
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • Salvation by Faith Only
  • Infant Baptism
  • Consubstantiation
  • Direct Operation of Holy Spirit on the Sinner
  • Organization
  • Local church council with pastor
  • Synod pastors lay representatives
  • General Body

5
Church History
The Reformation
  • Origin of the Presbyterian Church (1540)
  • Place Scotland
  • Founder John Calvin and John Knox
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • Calvinism
  • Called the Lords Day the Christian Sabbath
  • Baptism by Sprinkling or Pouring
  • Organization
  • Elders in each congregation
  • Presbytery consisting of a number of churches
  • Annual General Assembly
  • Total Depravity
  • Unconditional Election
  • Limited Atonement
  • Irresistible Grace
  • Perseverance of the Saints

6
5 Points of Calvinism
T Total Depravity
(Ezek. 1820 Mt. 183 Rom. 210-12 Heb. 129)
U Unconditional Election
(1 Tim. 24 2 Pet. 39 Mt. 1128-30 Rev. 2217)
L Limited Atonement
(Heb. 29 1 Jn. 22 Ti. 211-12 Mt. 2628)
I Irresistible Grace
(Acts 751 757 1346 Lk. 811-15)
P Perseverance of the Saints
(2 Pet. 220-22 Gal. 54 Acts 820-23 1 Tim.
41)
7
Church History
The Reformation
  • Origin of the Church of England (1534)
  • Place England
  • Founder King Henry VIII
  • Reason Pope refused his request for a divorce
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • King of England is Head of the Church
  • A Catholic Church under English Rule
  • Interesting History
  • Brought to America in 1578
  • American Revolution destroyed it
  • Reorganized in 1783 as the Episcopal Church

8
Church History
The Reformation
  • Episcopal Church in America (1783)
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • Children born in sin therefore, Infant Baptism
  • Saved by Faith Only
  • Jesus dies to reconcile the Father to us
  • Baptism by pouring or immersion
  • Observe special days
  • Believe Ten Commandments still binding
  • Form of Government
  • Parish overseen by a Rector (priest)
  • Wardens church records and councils
  • Vestrymen in charge of church property
  • Parishes grouped into Dioceses with Bishop as
    Head
  • Diocesan Convention annually
  • General Convention every 3 years Presiding
    Bishop

9
Church History
The Reformation
  • Origin of the Methodist Church (1729)
  • Place England
  • Founder John and Charles Wesley
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • Salvation by Faith Only
  • Baptism by Sprinkling, Pouring, or Immersion
  • Infant Baptism - changed reason for it in 1910
  • Instrumental Music acceptable
  • Jesus dies to reconcile God to man
  • Organization
  • Pastor over local church appointed by Bishop
  • District Conference Annual Conference
  • Jurisdictional Conference General Conference

10
Church History
The Reformation
  • Origin of the Baptist Church (1607)
  • Place Holland
  • Founder John Smythe
  • Prominent Doctrines
  • Total Depravity Salvation by Faith Only
  • Baptism Not essential to salvation
  • Baptism essential to membership in Baptist
    Church
  • Candidates for baptism must be voted on
  • Impossibility of Apostasy (once saved always
    saved)
  • Closed Communion observed usually on 1st Sunday
  • Organization
  • Pastor and Deacons officers in local church
  • Conventions and Associations

11
Apostasy, Reformation, and Growth of Denominations
33 AD
Church of Christ
  • Lutheran (1521)
  • Church of England (1534)
  • Episcopal (1609)
  • Methodist (1739)
  • Pentecostal Movements
  • Church of God (1880)
  • Nazarene (1895)
  • Pentecostal (1896)
  • Assembly of God (1914)
  • Presbyterian Church (1541)
  • Baptist Church (1607)
  • Mormons (1830)
  • Seventh Day Adventist (1843)
  • Jehovah Witness (1872)
  • Christian Science (1875)

606
1054
Catholic Church
1521
Greek Catholic
REFORMATION
12
ONE CHURCH in the BIBLE
13
Different Churches Different Doctrines
Infant
Sprinkling
Baptism
Immersion
Adult
Rom. 63-4 Mk. 1616
Transubstantiation
Lords Supper
Consubstantiation
Memorial
1 Cor. 1125
Instrumental
Music
Vocal
Eph. 519
14
The Lords Church
  • People believed were baptized and by that very
    fact saved from their sins (Mk. 1616 Acts 238)
  • Added to the Lords Church (Acts 247)
  • Gathered together in local churches and
  • Sang, prayed, gave as prospered, taught the
    gospel, and partook of the Lords Supper on the
    1st day of each week (Acts 242 1 Cor. 1124-25
    207 1 Cor. 161-2)
  • Taught the lost, cared for needy saints, and
    edified one another (Eph. 412 Acts 61-7 1
    Cor. 1426)
  • Called themselves churches of Christ (Rom. 1616)

The Simplicity of the New Testament Church
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