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Title:

Ethics and Morality

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Standards defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior in ... Defining what is moral and immoral, ethical and unethical. Consequences of moral transgressions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethics and Morality


1
Ethics and Morality
  • Overview of the Day
  • Definitions
  • Contrasting views
  • Moral problems and moral systems

2
What do we mean by ethics and morality?
  • Ethics
  • Standards defining appropriate and inappropriate
    behavior in particular situations
  • Morality
  • Beliefs about what is good and what is evil,
    about what is right and wrong

3
Where do we get our ethics and morals?
  • Religion
  • Mythology
  • Culture, custom, and family
  • Philosophy literature
  • Professional and civic associations
  • Government

4
Components of ethical and moral systems
  • Source of value
  • Human nature
  • Defining what is moral and immoral, ethical and
    unethical
  • Consequences of moral transgressions

5
Is Darwinism compatible with moral systems?
  • Can a Darwinist be a…
  • Christian?
  • Muslim?
  • Jew?
  • Buddhist?
  • Hindu?

6
Three moral systems and sources of value
7
Human nature
8
Interpreters of morality
9
Stance toward moral relativism
10
Who should be helped?
11
How to deal with conflicting interests
12
Consequences of moral transgressions
13
How to deal with cruelty so often found in nature
14
Moral problems and moral systems (1)
  • Sexuality
  • premarital sex
  • adultery
  • homosexuality
  • Family ties and authority
  • role of parents
  • authority over children
  • importance of family

15
Moral problems and moral systems (2)
  • Drug use
  • forbid?
  • legalize?
  • restrict?
  • Pornography
  • ban?
  • legalize?
  • restrict?

16
Moral problems and moral systems (3)
  • Nature and the environment
  • unrestricted commercial development
  • protect biodiversity
  • Animal rights
  • treat animals as property
  • treat them as fellow evolving species sharing the
    planet
  • Crime and punishment
  • rehabilitate
  • punishment, retribution
  • remove from society

17
Summary
  • Definitions of ethics and morality
  • Moral systems
  • Moral problems
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