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SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA

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CASE STUDY OF THE IMPACTS OF MODERN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES ... Windmill Nakatunguru village. Solar PV Namagubo village. All focused into water pumping for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA


1

Development and Energy in Africa (DEA) Regional
Workshop, Arusha Tanzania 16th 18Tth October
2007
CASE STUDY OF THE IMPACTS OF MODERN ENERGY
TECHNOLOGIES PROJECTS FOR SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION
SCHEMES By Oscar Lema October
2007
2
Presentation Structure
  • Energy and MDGS
  • Energy Situation in Tanzania
  • TaTEDO Energy Programmes/Projects Intervention
  • Experiences
  • About the Tanzania DEA case study
  • Methodology used to test AF
  • Assessment Framework Test Findings
  • Conclusion Recommendations

3
Overview of Energy and Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs)
  • Energy improves the quality of peoples life by
    providing lighting, clean water and healthier
    cooking methods ( MDG 3, 4, 5)
  • Clean energy improves the environment and health
    by replacing dirty fuels or wood usage (MDG 5
    7)

Cooking on improved Okoa fire wood stove (more
than 300,000 stoves in use)
Three-stone fire place and kerosene wick lamp
4
Energy and MDGs cont
  • Energy can be used to
  • improve production
  • resulting in income
  • generation (MDG 1)
  • Finally, and perhaps
  • most important, energy
  • can be used to
  • stimulate economic
  • activity (MDG 1,3 8)

More than 15,000 improved stoves are produces and
sold each month by each enterprise
More that 1000 driers have being built year to
date
5
Energy situation in Tanzania.
  • The estimated total energy
  • consumption is more than 22
  • million tones of oil equivalent
  • (TOE) or 0.7 TOE per capita.
  • Energy consumption in rural
  • areas accounts for about
  • 85.
  • Biomass-based fuel accounts
  • for more than 90 of
  • primary energy supply.

Fig Total energy consumption in Tanzania
Local beer brewing on three stove fire place
6
Energy situation in Tanzania cont.
  • Human physical energy remains the
  • main source of energy for agriculture
  • and transport activities for mostly
  • women and children.
  • Low quality fuels (biomass) used in
  • inefficient technologies causes in-door
  • air pollution and contributes to land
  • degradation.
  • More than 90 of Tanzanians have no
  • access to grid electricity
  • Only 2 of rural based Tanzanians
  • have access to electricity

Rural transportation of firewood ( many hours
are wasted)
Traditional metal charcoal stove with low
efficiency of 12 15
7
TaTEDO and Energy Intervention Projects
  • A sustainable modern energy development NGO with
    more than fourteen years experience in energy
    technologies development and related
    environmental conservation practices.
  • Registered as a sustainable energy development
    national NGO, a non profit sharing, membership
    organization comprised of professionals,
    enterprises, CBOs, artisans, Individuals, farmers
    and institutions.
  • Charged with the development and promotion of
    sustainable energy technologies and services.

Jatropha-biofuel plant growing interest from
farmers
MFP can use Jatropha Oil new opportunity for
rural development
Half Orange charcoal production kiln
8
TaTEDO vision, mission and goals
Vision Self reliant and poverty free
communities with access to sustainable modern
energy services Mission To advance popular use
of sustainable modern energy technologies by
marginalized communities in Tanzania. TaTEDO does
this through technologies adaptation, awareness
raising, capacity building and advocacy for
increased access to sustainable energy services,
poverty reduction, self-reliance and
environmental conservation
New Solar PV companies are formed
Post harvest losses are reduced
Productive use of biomass energy technologies
9
TaTEDO Goals
  • To improve quality of life of the Tanzanians by
    contributing to
  • availability of improved and sustainable energy
    services,
  • Availability of employment and income generating
    opportunities essential for poverty reduction.
  • To reduce environmental degradation resulting
    from increased use of wood and fossil fuels.
  • Assist the country to reduce dependence on
    imported energy.

Solar PV local micro financing is necessary
Self built improved mud stove
Solar PV improves quality of life
10
TaTEDO and Energy Intervention Projects
  • TaTEDO undertakes the following activities to
  • achiever vision mission and goals
  • Promote access to modern energy services for
    meeting productive and consumptive energy needs
    in SMEs, social service centres and households,
  • Undertake field implementation of sustainable
    energy programmes and projects.
  • Provide sustainable modern energy related
    consultancy services,
  • Promote efficient and effective management of
    sustainable energy production and use
    environment,
  • Develop networking and partnership with local,
    national and international organisations,
  • Manage and disseminate energy information to
    primary, secondary and other stakeholders,
  • Lobby and advocate in order to influence energy
    and environment related policies, strategies and
    legislations,
  • Provide sustainable energy enterprises
    development services, and
  • Conduct energy related applied researches.

11

Tanzania Case study for DEA Project
  • Case study title Solar/wind powered Water
    Pumping Irrigation Scheme
  • Why this study?
  • To test the Assessment Framework in the real
    situation
  • To identify and examine the developmental
    impacts of energy
  • innovations
  • To use the information obtained to improve
    on-going and future
  • energy interventions
  • Specific Objectives
  • To establish and apply an Assessment Framework
    for evaluating
  • development and poverty impacts of energy
    interventions
  • To engage in a dialogue with energy policy
    makers and other
  • stakeholders on the basis of the framework,
    with a view to
  • incorporating these issues in energy policy.

12

About the case study UNDP Water Pumping
/Irrigation projects
  • Located in Ukerewe Island, a
  • district in Lake Victoria, Mwanza Region
  • Comprise of two irrigation schemes
  • Windmill Nakatunguru village
  • Solar PV Namagubo village
  • All focused into water pumping for
  • irrigation using water from Lake Victoria
  • Funded by UNDP GEF SGP
  • Implemented by MAFS and managed
  • by farmers groups

Case study project site
13
About the case study cont..
  • The projects aimed at
  • Increasing crop productivity food security and
    income generation
  • Demonstrating use of RETs thus safeguarding
    the environment

14
Methodology for testing AF
  • Review of project documents
  • Projects site visits
  • Meetings with Farmers Group Leaders
  • District officials
  • Structured questionnaires
  • Discussions with focus groups
  • Beneficiaries
  • District officials
  • Ministry of Agricuture and Food Security
  • Project Sponsor
  • Analysis of data by MS Access

15
Assessment Framework Test Findings
  • Unfortunately none of the projects were
    operational during AF testing due to
  • Lake water level drop caused by climate change
    less
  • rainfall coupled with long dry periods
    (evaporation)
  • Increased demand for water by population around
    the
  • Lake
  • However
  • Success story revealed by the beneficiaries and
    other stakeholders
  • during the first 3 months of projects life
    indicated positive outcomes and impacts

16
Outcomes of the projects
  • Increased awareness on the use of modern
    energy
  • for productive use activities
  • Farmer groups training on
  • Better farming methods (horticulture, etc.)
  • Managing and maintaining wind /solar irrigation
  • facility
  • Leadership of groups
  • Increase in farm sizes
  • From 3 acres to 50 acres
  • Strengthening community relations
  • Increase in group size
  • From 6 to 36 members
  • From 5 to 60 members
  • Increased crop productivity
  • Increased access to water

17
Impacts of the projects
  • Although limited, impacts recorded include
  • Reduced income poverty (Revealed by
    beneficiaries
  • during interview after comparing what they
    used to get
  • before and after the project)
  • Employment creation many people resort to
    farming
  • business
  • Environmental conservation
  • Use of clean energy sources
  • Time saving
  • Irrigating once for two days
  • Initially irrigating everyday
  • Only for two hours a day
  • Initially irrigating 8 hours a day
  • Reduced women drudgery

18
Impacts/ Outcomes Array
Increased Farm sizes
Increased productivity
Increased social relation
19
Assessment framework and findings
20
Lessons Learnt by TaTEDO for improving the AF
  • The following lessons are quite critical to take
    into consideration during the planning and
    designing of energy intervention projects and
    programmes
  • Taking of baseline information for effective M
    E
  • undertaking
  • Clear institutional set up for effective
    implementation
  • Clear ownership and involvement/participation
    of the
  • beneficiaries
  • for effective project management
  • Clear impact assessment mechanism for ensuring
  • project sustainability.

21
Conclusions
  • Based on these findings AF is an important tool
  • during project planning, designing,
    implementation
  • and in the M E,
  • Major setback for the successful
  • implementation of the two projects is the
  • drastic drop of water level in Lake Victoria
  • In relation to the MDGs and Tanzania NSGRP the
  • wind/solar powered technology is appropriate
    for
  • irrigation projects. If successful, could
    have strong
  • positive impacts on poverty reduction,
    gender and
  • environmental sustainability.

22
Conclusions
  • The information obtained through application
  • of AF are useful to our National Energy Policy
    in
  • Improving policy implementation strategies
  • Institute appropriate enforcing Laws and
  • Regulations
  • Improving mechanisms for projects monitoring
  • and evaluation
  • Applying impact assessment mechanism for
  • ensuring sustainability

23
Recommendations
  • Baseline information is vital during project
    planning to
  • be able to determine project viability,
    measure
  • progress and assess impacts
  • There is a need to incorporate monitoring and
  • evaluation component in project planning from
    local level
  • to national level
  • Need to strengthen capacity for different
    stakeholders
  • on the issues of development- poverty-energy
    linkages
  • Create awareness and capacity building to
    planners in
  • various sectors in order to get energy
    integrated
  • into planning to implementation

24
Recommendations
  • Need to conduct farmers/ beneficiaries
    awareness
  • raising on the essential linkages between
    energy,
  • environment and development.
  • Different stakeholders involvement from
  • very beginning of project planning,
    implementation and
  • management is crucial for project success and
  • sustainability
  • System re-designing may be required to cope
    with the
  • existing situation

25
Thanks you for your attention
ASANTENI SANA
P. O. Box 32794,Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Tel
255-22-2700771/2700438 Fax 255-22-2774400 Email
energy_at_tatedo.org Website www.tatedo.org
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