Burns - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Burns PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 147d28-NjRiZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Burns

Description:

It is estimated that about 70% of all burn injuries occur inside the home. ... Leathery, waxy skin. Pearly gray or charred skin. Care for Third-Degree Burns ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:90
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: heal66
Learn more at: http://faculty.mdc.edu
Category:
Tags: burns | waxy

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Burns


1
Chapter 11
  • Burns

2
Burns
  • An estimated 2 million burn injuries occur each
    year in the United States, resulting in 75,000
    hospitalization and more than 3000 deaths.
  • It is estimated that about 70 of all burn
    injuries occur inside the home.
  • Skin death and injury occur as the applied heat
    exceeds the bodys ability to disperse the heat.

3
Types of Burns
  • Thermal (heat) burns
  • Chemical burns
  • Electrical burns

4
Thermal Burns
  • Contact with flames, hot objects, hot liquid, and
    steam are common causes of burns.
  • Just 3 seconds of exposure to water at 140ºF can
    cause a full-thickness burn in an adult.
  • At 156ºF, the same burn occurs in one second.

5
Evaluating a Thermal Burn (1 of 2)
  • Determine the depth (degree).
  • First-degree (superficial)
  • Second-degree (partial thickness)
  • Third-degree (full thickness)
  • Determine the extent (Rule of palm).
  • Determine which parts of body are burned.

6
Evaluating a Thermal Burn (2 of 2)
  • Determine whether other injuries or medical
    conditions exist, or if the patient is elderly or
    very young.
  • Determine the severity of the burn.

7
Care for Thermal Burns
  • Stop the burning process.
  • If clothing is burning, have the victim drop and
    roll.
  • Smother the flames with a blanket or douse the
    victim with water.
  • Once the fire is extinguished, remove all hot
    clothing.
  • Remove jewelry if possible.
  • Monitor the victims breathing.

8
Recognizing First-Degree Burns (Superficial)
  • Redness
  • Mild swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Pain

9
Care for First-Degree Burns
  • Immerse the burned area in cold water or apply a
    wet, cold cloth.
  • Administer ibuprofen to relieve pain.
  • Have the victim drink as much water as possible.
  • After the burn is cooled, apply aloe vera.
  • Raise a burned arm or leg to reduce swelling.

10
Recognizing Second-Degree Burns(Partial
Thickness)
  • Blisters
  • Swelling
  • Weeping fluids
  • Intense pain

11
Care for Small Second-Degree Burns
  • Immerse the burned area in cold water.
  • Administer ibuprofen to relieve pain.
  • Have the victim drink as much water as possible.
  • After a burn has been cooled, apply a thin layer
    of an antibiotic ointment.
  • Cover the burn with a dry, nonsticking, sterile
    dressing.
  • Seek medical care for burns covering more than
    20 of the BSA in adults, or 10-20 in children
    or elderly.

12
Care for Large Second-Degree Burns
  • Do not apply cold because it could cause
    hypothermia.
  • Cover the burn with a dry, nonstick, sterile
    dressing.
  • Treat victim for shock.
  • Seek medical care.

13
Third-Degree Burns(Full Thickness)
  • Dead nerve endings
  • Leathery, waxy skin
  • Pearly gray or charred skin

14
Care for Third-Degree Burns
  • It usually is not necessary to apply cold to
    third-degree burns because pain is absent.
  • Cover the burn with a dry, nonsticking, sterile
    dressing.
  • Treat victim for shock.
  • Seek medical care.

15
Chemical Burns
  • A chemical burn is the result of a caustic or
    corrosive substance touching the skin.
  • They continue to burn as long as they are in
    contact with the skin remove quickly.
  • First aid is the same for all chemical burns.

16
Care for Chemical Burns
  • Flush skin with water.
  • Remove contaminated clothing.
  • Flush for 20 minutes or longer.
  • Cover burn.
  • Seek medical care.

17
Electrical Burns
  • Thermal burn (flame)
  • Arc burn (flash)
  • True electrical injury (contact)

18
Care for Electrical Burns
  • Make the scene safe.
  • Monitor breathing and treat accordingly.
  • If victim fell, check for a spinal injury.
  • Treat victim for shock.
  • Place blankets under and over victim.
  • Seek immediate medical care.

19
Contact With Electrical Current
  • If there are downed power lines, turn off power
    before approaching patient.
  • If you feel a tingling sensation in your legs as
    you approach the victim, stop.
  • If you can safely reach the victim, do not
    attempt to move any wires.
  • Do not attempt to move downed wires unless you
    are trained and equipped.
About PowerShow.com