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The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul and David

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Approx. Year BC. Timeline of Israel's Early History. 1 Kings 1-11, 2 Chronicles 1-9 ... (old/new converts) and churches - I Co. 10:6, 11; Ga. 1:6; 5:4, 9-26; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul and David


1
The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul and David
  • Background

2
Why Should We Study The Old Testament?
  • For whatever things were written before were
    written for our learning, that we through the
    patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have
    hope. (Romans 154)
  • Now all these things happened to them as
    examples, and they were written for our
    admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have
    come. (I Corinthians 1011)
  • We can learn lessons about faith, patience, hope,
    love, success, failures, etc. God blesses and
    comforts the obedient!
  • The Old Testament is the New Testament concealed
    and the New Testament is the Old Testament
    revealed. Think of anticipation versus
    realization.
  • Remember The Old Testament is not in
    chronological order which is just like the New
    Testament.

3
Ages of Time The Scheme of Redemption
Patriarchal
Mosaical
Christian
Cross of Christ
Red Sea Mt. Sinai
Moses
Christ
Adam
Divided Kingdom (388 Yrs)
Abraham Patriarchs (857 Yrs)
Reformation
Wilderness (40 Yrs)
Falling Away
Cain Kills Abel
Restoration
Israel in Egypt (400 Yrs)
Kings Saul, David, Solomon (120 Yrs)
Fall of Man
Christs Ministry
Church Kingdom Established (Ac.2Col.113) 33
AD
Judges (355 Yrs)
The Flood
2511 Yrs
1481 Yrs
2006 Yrs - Present
God spoke to the fathers, then leaders, and now
He speaks to us through Jesus Christ (Hb. 11-3).
4
Old Testament Timeline Summary
5
Timeline of Israels Early History
6
Genesis to Exodus
  • Creation of ALL things (Ge. 1-2)
  • Sin and fall of man (Ge. 3)
  • First Murder Cain kills Abel (Ge. 4)
  • The Flood (Ge. 6-7)
  • Patriarchs
  • Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob (Ge. 8-50)
  • By faith… (Hb. 111-27)
  • The Exodus after 400 Years of bondage
  • The Law of Moses was given to Israel.
  • Wandering in the wilderness for 40 years
  • The Patriarchal Age transitions to the Mosical
    Age
  • God has not changed His view of sin, but His
    method of dealing with man has changed (Hb. 138
    11-3)

7
Joshua
  • Mission Conquer the land and properly divide it.
  • 31 Kings were conquered (Jos. 127-24)
  • Deuteronomy is a book of anticipation and Joshua
    is a book of realization (Ex. 179 Nu. 13 8
    Ex. 2413 3311 Nu. 2718-23 Dt. 311-8).
  • Two Key Factors in Salvation
  • Position Saved by redemption (Ep. 13)
  • Experience Victory in possessing (Ep. 612)
  • By faith Israel possessed the land (Hb.
    1130-33).
  • Joshuas farewell speech (Jos. 23-24)

8
Geography
The Land Promise Was Made by God Ge. 121-3
DT. 344
The Land Promise Was Fulfilled by God Jos.
1123 2143-45 231-4.
Remember The Old Testament is not in
chronological order.
9
Judges
  • In 350 years (1400 1050 BC.), there were
  • 7 Apostasies
  • 7 Servitudes
  • 7 Deliverances (Ac. 1320)
  • 12 spiritually appointed military leaders
  • A Pattern of Sin (4 Rs) Relapse, Retribution,
    Repentance, and Rescue.
  • The book of Judges begins in compromise and ends
    in anarchy and confusion (Jud. 119 28 2125)
  • Key Verses Jud. 176 21-3, 23

10
I Samuel
  • Samuel was the 13th and final judge.
  • Summary of the Judges - Everyone did what was
    right in their own eyes. (Jud. 176)
  • Samuel was born in deplorable times (i.e. corrupt
    priesthood, anarchy, dysfunctional family, etc.).
  • Samuel bridged the gap between the judges and the
    monarchy.
  • Key characters Eli, Samuel, Saul and David
  • Two National Leadership changes Eli-to-Samuel
    and Samuel-to-Saul
  • By Faith Samuel… (Hb. 1133)

11
Joshua and Judges
  • Key Words - Joshua
  • Victory
  • Freedom
  • Faith
  • Progress
  • Spiritual Vision
  • Fidelity to God
  • Joy
  • Strength
  • Sense of Unity
  • Sin is Judged
  • Key Words - Judges
  • Defeat
  • Servitude
  • Unbelief
  • Decline
  • Earthly emphasis
  • Apostasy
  • Sorrow
  • Weakness
  • Anarchy
  • Sin is lightly regarded

Apply to individuals (old/new converts) and
churches - I Co. 106, 11 Ga. 16 54, 9-26
612 31, 7 18 67-9.
12
Key Lessons to Learn
  • God is in charge of ALL things! (Ac. 1724-31Ro.
    120)
  • God ALWAYS fulfils His promises (Hb. 617-20).
  • Man has a tendency to fall away from God and
    follow a pattern of sin (4 Rs) I Tm. 41-3 II
    Tm. 31-9 Ac. 814-25 Jm. 519-20 Ga. 61).
  • Churches and individuals can progress from joy
    and excitement to indifference, sin, and
    destruction.
  • The church at Ephesus (Ac. 19-20, Ep. 1-6, I II
    and III John, Re. 21-6) Great beginning,
    tearful departure, Timothy and John fight false
    teaching, lost their first love, destroyed by
    Goths, now in ruins.
  • Individuals with a great spiritual beginning can
    end is doom.
  • The first step to sin is compromise (Hb. 21-3 I
    Co. 1011).
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