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Locke's work was used by Thomas Jefferson to draft the Constitution. 5. Politics in America. Politics = who gets what, when, where, and how ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Constitution:%20Limiting%20Government

Chapter 2
  • The Constitution Limiting Governments Power

The Constitution Defined
  • Constitutionalism Government of laws, not people
  • Constitution establishes governmental bodies
  • 1. House of Representatives
  • 2. Senate
  • 3. Presidency
  • 4. Supreme Court
  • The Constitutional Tradition
  • 1. The Magna Carta, 1215
  • 2. The Mayflower Compact, 1620
  • 3. The Colonial Charters, 1624-1732
  • 4. The Declaration of Independence, 1776

The Constitution Defined
  • The Constitution can only be changed by general
    popular consent majority needs to agree upon
    the change
  • The U.S Constitution is superior to ordinary laws
  • 1. Congress
  • 2. Orders of the president
  • 3. Decisions of the courts
  • 4. Acts of the state legislatures
  • 5. Regulations of the bureaucracies

Constitutional Beginnings
  • Two parts to be included by settlers
  • Individual security
  • Rule of law laws made to govern the land
  • New England Colonies set up compacts
  • A compact is an agreement that binds two or more
    parties to enforceable rules

Constitutional Beginnings
  • Charter Companies were created
  • The English King controlled the charter companies
    for the purpose of gathering natural resources
    from the new world
  • Proprietary Colonies were created
  • The colonies were set up like the British
    government The British King granted propietary
    rights to individuals, as in Maryland(Lord
    Baltimore), Pennsylvania(William Penn) and
    Delaware (Penn)

Five Precedents to the Constitution
  • Five Important Events that led to the
  • Magna Carta of 1215 a written document that
    stated that the powers of the English King were
    not absolute
  • Mayflower Compact of 1620 prior to landing at
    Plymouth the Pilgrims wrote a social contract to
    ensure the success of the community
  • Colonial Charters of 1624-1732
  • Declaration of Independence of 1776
  • Articles of Confederation of 1781-1789

Problems Facing a New Nation
  • Lack of National Unity each state was operating
    independently of the federal government
  • Financial Difficulties congress had no power to
    tax the people directly
  • Commercial Obstacles states were free to tax
    the goods of other states, no power to regulate
    interstate commerce
  • Money Problems each state had the power to
    issue their own currency, and regulate its value
  • Civil Disorder debtors revolted against tax

Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Purpose revise the Articles of Confederation
    ended up writing the Constitution
  • Fifty-five delegates attended
  • National commitment
  • Wide viewpoints
  • Well-educated men
  • Unified in thinking about economics, military,
    and politics
  • Distinguished gentlemen

Constitutional Convention 1787
  • All states represented, but Rhode Island
  • Decided on a republic form of government where
    the power lies in the vote of the citizens
  • Determined the three branches Executive,
    Legislative, and Judicial
  • Determined that there would be taxes on imports
    but not exported goods

Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Representation in Congress was the most serious
  • Two houses would be created in the Legislature
    Called the Great Compromise
  • Three-Fifths Compromise developed three-fifths
    of slaves would be counted in apportioning seats

Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Only thirty-nine of the fifty-five signed the new
  • Those who did not sign claimed that the
    government was given too much authority
  • The supporters of the Constitution were the