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The%20Constitution:%20Limiting%20Government

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Locke's work was used by Thomas Jefferson to draft the Constitution. 5. Politics in America. Politics = who gets what, when, where, and how ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Constitution:%20Limiting%20Government


1
Chapter 2
  • The Constitution Limiting Governments Power

2
The Constitution Defined
  • Constitutionalism Government of laws, not people
  • Constitution establishes governmental bodies
  • 1. House of Representatives
  • 2. Senate
  • 3. Presidency
  • 4. Supreme Court
  • The Constitutional Tradition
  • 1. The Magna Carta, 1215
  • 2. The Mayflower Compact, 1620
  • 3. The Colonial Charters, 1624-1732
  • 4. The Declaration of Independence, 1776

3
The Constitution Defined
  • The Constitution can only be changed by general
    popular consent majority needs to agree upon
    the change
  • The U.S Constitution is superior to ordinary laws
    of
  • 1. Congress
  • 2. Orders of the president
  • 3. Decisions of the courts
  • 4. Acts of the state legislatures
  • 5. Regulations of the bureaucracies

4
Constitutional Beginnings
  • Two parts to be included by settlers
  • Individual security
  • Rule of law laws made to govern the land
  • New England Colonies set up compacts
  • A compact is an agreement that binds two or more
    parties to enforceable rules

5
Constitutional Beginnings
  • Charter Companies were created
  • The English King controlled the charter companies
    for the purpose of gathering natural resources
    from the new world
  • Proprietary Colonies were created
  • The colonies were set up like the British
    government The British King granted propietary
    rights to individuals, as in Maryland(Lord
    Baltimore), Pennsylvania(William Penn) and
    Delaware (Penn)

6
Five Precedents to the Constitution
  • Five Important Events that led to the
    Constitution
  • Magna Carta of 1215 a written document that
    stated that the powers of the English King were
    not absolute
  • Mayflower Compact of 1620 prior to landing at
    Plymouth the Pilgrims wrote a social contract to
    ensure the success of the community
  • Colonial Charters of 1624-1732
  • Declaration of Independence of 1776
  • Articles of Confederation of 1781-1789

7
Problems Facing a New Nation
  • Lack of National Unity each state was operating
    independently of the federal government
  • Financial Difficulties congress had no power to
    tax the people directly
  • Commercial Obstacles states were free to tax
    the goods of other states, no power to regulate
    interstate commerce
  • Money Problems each state had the power to
    issue their own currency, and regulate its value
  • Civil Disorder debtors revolted against tax
    collectors

8
Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Purpose revise the Articles of Confederation
    ended up writing the Constitution
  • Fifty-five delegates attended
  • National commitment
  • Wide viewpoints
  • Well-educated men
  • Unified in thinking about economics, military,
    and politics
  • Distinguished gentlemen

9
Constitutional Convention 1787
  • All states represented, but Rhode Island
  • Decided on a republic form of government where
    the power lies in the vote of the citizens
  • Determined the three branches Executive,
    Legislative, and Judicial
  • Determined that there would be taxes on imports
    but not exported goods

10
Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Representation in Congress was the most serious
    debate
  • Two houses would be created in the Legislature
    Called the Great Compromise
  • Three-Fifths Compromise developed three-fifths
    of slaves would be counted in apportioning seats

11
Constitutional Convention 1787
  • Only thirty-nine of the fifty-five signed the new
    Constitution
  • Those who did not sign claimed that the
    government was given too much authority
  • The supporters of the Constitution were the
    Federalists
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