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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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Although most people know that a list exists of the Seven Wonders, only a few can name them. ... The Lighthouse of Alexandria. The Lighthouse of Alexandria ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Seven Wonders of the Ancient World


1
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
  • Helja Vallikivi
  • Mustamäe College
  • Form 8 - 9

2
Seven Wonders
  • Although most people know that a list exists of
    the Seven Wonders, only a few can name them. The
    list of them was originally compiled around the
    second century BC.The first reference to the idea
    is found in HISTORY of Herodotus as long as the
    5th century BC. Decades later, Greek historians
    wrote about the greatest monuments at the time.
    The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled
    during the Middle Ages.
  • Today, archaeological evidence reveals some of
    the mysteries that surrounded the history of
    theWonders for centuries.

3
The Pyramid of Giza
4
The Pyramid of Giza
  • It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of
    the Seven Ancient Wonders
  • The monument was built by the Egyption pharaoh
    KHUFU around the year 2560 BC to serve as a tomb
    when he dies
  • The structure consists of approximately 2
    million blocks of stone, each weighing more than
    two tons
  • The great pyramid is believed to have been built
    over a 20 year period

5
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
6
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • They located on the east bank of the River
    Euphrates in Iraq
  • The gardens are called hanging because they
    grew high in the air on built up terraces
  • King Nebuchadnezzar II (6604-562 BC) built them
    to please his queen
  • They consisted of arched vaults which are located
    on checkered cube-like foundations

7
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
8
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  • This is the statue of the god inwhose honour the
    Ancient Olympic games were held
  • It was built around 450 BC
  • It was struck by earthquake, landslides and
    floods, it was damaged by fire in the fifth
    century AD
  • It was destroyed by a severe fire in 462 AD

9
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
10
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • It was the most beautiful structure on earth
  • It was built in honour of the Greek goddess of
    hunting, wild nature and fertility
  • Its foundation dates back to the seventh century
    BC
  • It housed many works of art, including 4 ancient
    bronze statues
  • In 401 AD the temple was torn down

11
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
12
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  • Mausolus, the King of a part of Minor Asia
    (reigned fron 377-353 BC)
  • The tomb was built for him and completed around
    350 BC
  • There were tens of life-size and even over
    life-size statues of people, lions, horses and
    other animals
  • It remained standing there for over 1,500 y.

13
The Colossus of Rhodes
14
The Colossus of Rhodes
  • It was rather a symbol of unity of the people wgo
    inhabited on the island of Rhodes in Greece
  • Yhis enormous statue of their sun god Helios was
    finished in 282 BC
  • It stood at the harbour entrance
  • It was broken by a strong earthquake at about
    226 BC

15
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
16
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
  • It is the only one which had a practical use
  • For sailors it ensured a safe return to the Great
    harbour
  • It was built about 280 BC
  • It was a stone tower about 400 feet high (117 m)
  • It was the last of the seven Wonders to
  • disappear (1323 or even later)

17
Revision
  • Name all the seven Wonders
  • Which of them is still standing?
  • Why are the Babylon gardens called hanging
  • Which of them had a practical use?
  • Which was the tallest building on Earth?
  • What do you know about the Mausoleum of
  • Halicarnassus?

18
Revision (cont.)
  • Do you know any theories concerning the building
    of the pyramid Giza?
  • How are the statue Zeus and the Ancient Olympic
    games connected?
  • The Colossus of Rhodes was not only a gigantic
    statue what kind of symbol was it?
  • What do the Seven Wonders reflect for us?
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