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Manifest Destiny

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the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and ... has given us for the development ... Executive of the moneys herein. appropriated, neither slavery nor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Manifest Destiny


1
Manifest Destiny
  • First coined by newspaper editor, John
    OSullivan in 1845.
  • ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over
    spread and to possess the whole of the
    continent which Providence has given us for
    the development of the great experiment of
    liberty and federaltive development of
    self-government entrusted to us. It is right
    such as that of the tree to the space of air
    and the earth suitable for the full expansion of
    its principle and destiny of growth."
  • A myth of the West as a land of romance and
    adventure emerged.

2
American Progress by John Gast, 1872
3
Texas Declaration of Independence
4
Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836
Sam Houston(1793-1863)
Steven Austin(1793-1836)
5
The Republic of Texas
6
Davey Crocketts Last Stand
7
The Battle of the Alamo
General Antonio L?pez de Santa Anna Recaptures
the Alamo
8
Overland Immigration to the West
  • Between 1840 and 1860, more than250,000 people
    made the trekwestward.

9
The Oregon Trail Albert Bierstadt, 1869
10
The Slidell Mission Nov., 1845
  • Mexican recognition of the Rio Grande River as
    the TX-US border.
  • US would forgive American citizensclaims
    against the Mexican govt.
  • US would purchase the New Mexicoarea for
    5,000,000.
  • US would California at any price.

John Slidell
11
Wilmot Proviso, 1846
Provided, territory from that, as an express
and fundamental condition to the acquisition of
any the Republic of Mexico by the United States,
by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated
between them, and to the use by the Executive of
the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery
nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in
any part of said territory, except for crime,
whereof the party shall first be duly convicted.
Congr. David Wilmot(D-PA)
12
General Zachary Taylor at Palo Alto
Old Rough and Ready
13
The Bombardment of Vera Cruz
14
General Scott Enters Mexico City
Old Fuss and Feathers
15
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848
Nicholas Trist,American Negotiator
16
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848
The Treaty was basically forced on Mexico!
  • Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio
    Grande River.
  • Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico.
  • U. S. gave Mexico 15,000,000 and agreed to pay
    the claims of American citizens against
    Mexico(over 3,500,000).

17
Results of the Mexican War?
  • The 17-month war cost 100,000,000 and
    13,000American lives (mostly of disease).
  • New territories were brought into the Union which
    forced the explosive issue of SLAVERY to the
    center of national politics. Brought in
    1 million sq. mi. of land (incl. TX)
  • These new territories would upset the balance of
    power between North and South.
  • Created two popular Whig generals who ran for
    President.
  • Manifest Destiny partially realized.

18
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19
The Oregon Dispute 54 40º or Fight!
  • By the mid-1840s,Oregon Fever wasspurred on
    by thepromise of free land.
  • The joint British-U. S.occupation ended in1846.

20
The 1848 Presidential Election Results
v
21
The Mexican Cession
22
  • B). The Compromise of 1850
  • 1). Political Situation
  • Mexican Cession The California Gold Rush
  • Zach Taylor the Election of 1848
  • 1849 California Applies for Statehood
  • 2). Clays Final Contribution
  • Taylors Death Millard Fillmore
  • Provisions of Compromise
  • 1. California as a Free State
  • 2. Popular Sovereignty in Utah / NM
  • 3. Ban on Slave Trade in DC
  • 4. More Stringent Fugitive Slave Laws
  • 3). Outcomes
  • Delayed the Civil War
  • Initial Concept of Popular Sovereignty
  • Fugitive Slave Laws The Underground RR

23
Free Soil Party
Free Soil! Free Speech!
Free Labor! Free Men!
  • Barnburners discontented northern Democrats.
  • Anti-slave members of the Liberty and Whig
    Parties.
  • Opposition to the extension of slavery in the
    newterritories!

WHY?
24
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25
Sojourner Truth
Harriet Tubman
26
  • C). The Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • 1). Election of 1852
  • Scott (Whig) vs. Pierce (Democrat)
  • Democrats Dominate Congress / Presidency
  • 2). Railroad Debate
  • Southern vs. Northern Route
  • Senator Stephen Douglass
  • Obstacles to Major Chicago Terminal
  • 3). Outcomes
  • 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Division of Nebraska Territory
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Birth of the Republican Party
  • Bleeding Kansas

Stephen Douglass
27
  • D). Bleeding Kansas
  • 1). The Sides
  • Pro-Slavery Missourians
  • New England Immigrant Aid Society
  • 2). 1856-1861 Politics
  • Border Ruffians and the Lecompton Constitution
  • Pottawatomie Creek Incident
  • Caning of Senator Sumner
  • President Buchanan Statehood
  • 3). Outcomes
  • Division of Democratic Party
  • Further Sectional Tensions

28
Dred Scott
  • E). Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857)
  • 1). Background
  • Missouri Slave working in Wisconsin
  • March 1857 Supreme Court Case
  • 2). Taneys Rulings
  • 1. Blacks not Citizens
  • 2. Property the States
  • 3. Compromise of 1820 Unconstitutional
  • 3). Outcomes
  • Distrust of Buchanan
  • Greatest Crime in the Annals of the Republic

Chief Justice Roger Taney
29
  • IV). Road to Secession
  • A). Harpers Ferry
  • John Brown
  • Slave Revolt Plot
  • November 1859 Martyrdom
  • B). Election of 1860
  • Division of the Democratic Party
  • Republican Platform
  • The North 59 of the Electoral Votes
  • C). Secession of the South
  • Breaking Away Dec. 1860 Feb 1861
  • Crittenden Compromise
  • Establishment of the Confederacy in Alabama
  • Tariff and Slave Issues

30
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