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The Church in the Middle Ages

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Why was the Roman Catholic Church so important and powerful during the Middle Ages? ... Monastery: Religious community made up of monks and nuns. Monks/men; Nuns/women ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Church in the Middle Ages


1
The Church in the Middle Ages
  • The Rise of the Catholic Church

2
Goals
  • Why was the Roman Catholic Church so important
    and powerful during the Middle Ages?

3
Religious Power
  • Middle Age life short and hard.
  • Church message Hope after death, comfort also
    taught punishment
  • People wanted comfort and to avoid punishment,
    followed teachings

4
Economic Power
  • The church took fiefs from lords, in exchange for
    providing religious services provide by clergy.
  • Clergy Persons with authority to perform
    religious ceremonies.
  • The church able to collect taxes, gained wealth.
  • Single largest land owner, in Europe, during the
    Middle Ages.

5
Political Power
  • Set up its own courts and made its own laws.
  • Excommunication To be expelled from the Church
    and participation from Church life.
  • If you did not follow the laws of the church, you
    could be excommunicated.
  • Excommunication meant unable to gain rewards of
    the afterlife.
  • High church officials advised kings.

6
Church Organization
  • Every village had a priest
  • Bishops supervised several priests.
  • Archbishop (also could be called a cardinal)
    supervised several bishops
  • Pope supervised archbishops
  • Papacy Government of the church in Rome.
  • The Church had power in every kingdom, fief, and
    village

7
Monasticism
  • Monastery Religious community made up of monks
    and nuns
  • Monks/men Nuns/women
  • Middle Age monasteries worked to improve farming,
    served as hospitals, and educated people

8
Summary
  • Own government The papacy
  • Advised kings (even crowned emperor)
  • Message of hope and fear
  • Excommunication
  • Collected taxes/owned fiefs
  • Provided hospitals, farming changes, and schools
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