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HRT 3M World Religions

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The Catholic Church sees war as unnecessary, and only ... of the Buddhism code states that monks can defend themselves, but may not kill, even in defence. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HRT 3M World Religions


1
HRT 3M World Religions
  • War

2
War
  • Catholic Church Buddhism Judaism

3
Catholic Church
  • The Catholic Church sees war as unnecessary, and
    only should be fought when the Just War rules are
    met. There are three statements that the Just War
    theory uses. One states that it is very wrong to
    take a human life. Number two says that states
    have a duty to defend their population. And three
    declares that protecting innocent human life and
    defending moral values sometimes calls for force
    and violence.
  •  
  • The idea of the Just War theory is to guide
    groups of people in the correct way to act in a
    potential argument. The theory is used to try to
    prevent war, by showing that it could be wrong to
    resort to violence, which can force groups to
    find better way of solving conflicts. The Just
    War theory has two parts, conditions where
    military force is permitted, and how to carry out
    a Just War. The war will only be a Just War if it
    is carried out well, and if it is justified.

4
Buddhism
  • Buddhism has been looked upon as a very peaceful
    religion. Their precepts include Avoid killing,
    or harming any living thing. Nothing would be
    found that supported violence if you looked
    through their entire scripture. It never stated
    violence as a way to solve disagreements. Many
    Buddhists refuse to use any weapon no matter what
    the cost. Even if their lives would be lost as a
    result, they would remain peaceful. Part of the
    Buddhism code states that monks can defend
    themselves, but may not kill, even in defence.
  •  
  • Since Buddhists cannot kill, they must find
    other ways of defending themselves. Therefore,
    they have developed many forms of martial arts.
    Even though martial arts seem very separate from
    non-violence, Buddhists still have extremely
    severe rules about how the arts may be used.
    Buddhists may only use the minimum defensive
    force possible, and may never be the assailant.
  •  
  • A Buddhist view of history sees that during the
    last 3,000 years, 15,000 major wars have been
    fought. Throughout history, man has been trying
    to advance their technology. Technology has
    developed so much, that the world could be
    destroy within seconds. Millions of Treaties have
    been produced, and millions of things said by
    world leaders, but there is always a threat to
    man.

5
Buddhism
  • Buddhism sees that all religions teach people
    not to kill however that precept is ignored many
    times. Today, millions can be killed within
    seconds. In the past, it could take years,
    decades or even centuries to kill that many
    people. Many religions do not place enough
    importance on the fact of non-violence, and as a
    result it becomes a problem that can lead to war.
  •  
  • Buddhism does not believe in war, or any acts of
    violence toward any living thing. Because of
    their way of seeing all life as precious, they
    are not permitted to harm a single animal. Its
    rules are strict concerning killing in any forms.
    Self-defence does not give an excuse to kill a
    person. Buddhists rarely become soldiers, and
    when they do, they are usually being forced
    against their will.

6
Judaism
  • Judaism has a much different look upon war and
    violence. It doesnt see all violence as always
    wrong. It accepts that some wars can be ethically
    justified, and it is sometimes morally acceptable
    to kill people. They do, however, have to attempt
    peace or avoiding conflict before starting a war
    or battle. There must be some form of compromise
    that is tried before conflict.
  •  
  • Jewish law only allows combatants to be
    deliberately killed in a war. Innocent people
    must be given as much time as possible to leave
    the field of combat before a war starts. This
    means that you should only fight the people who
    are fighting you, innocent people must be allowed
    to escape and may not lose there lives by a
    deliberate attack.
  •  
  • In the Old Testament, you see God as a fighter
    he leads Jews into conflicts, protects them, and
    brings them to victory. However, the Old
    Testament also has longing for peace. God kills
    many people, whether it is combatants, or on few
    occasions, innocent lives.

7
Judaism
  • Peace to Jews is something that comes from God
    and will only fully be comprehended when there is
    justice among the world, and its individuals. For
    self-defence, the Talmud says that a person is
    allowed to kill an aggressor to save his or her
    own life.
  •  
  • Ancient Rabbis of the Jewish Tradition thought
    there were three types of war that Jews could
    consider. One such war was an Obligatory War. And
    Obligatory war is where God commanded Jews to
    fight. These are wars in the bible. Another type
    of war was a Defensive War. This type of war
    occurs when the Jewish people are attacked. It
    means they are allowed to defend themselves. The
    last war is an Optional War. This is when a war
    is undertaken for a good reason, and no other
    form of negotiation remains possible.
  •  
  • Judaism does not put as much emphasis on
    non-violence as most other religions. It does
    have some rules about preventing war, however,
    they are merely to save innocent lives, not to
    prevent wars altogether. There is nothing to
    guide you on which war is a moral war.

8
Conclusion
  • In conclusion, all religions have ways of saying
    which wars are allowed and which arent, and some
    religions guide you on how to stop wars. Buddhism
    was by far the most peaceful religion, because
    their teachings held so much respect for every
    living thing. The Catholic Church uses the Just
    War theory, which is a good way of seeing whether
    a war is moral or not. Judaism stresses some
    importance on non-violence, though not as much as
    The Catholic Church or Buddhism.
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