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Brief history of science education

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Brief history of science education. I Beginnings of Modern Science Ed. ( 1900-1930) ... Grade 10: Biology (botany & zoology) Grade 11: Physics. Grade 12: Chemistry ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brief history of science education


1
Brief history of science education
  • I Beginnings of Modern Science Ed.
    (1900-1930)
  • II Progressive Education (1930-1950)
  • III Golden Age (1950-1977)
  • IV Back to Basics (1975-1983)
  • V A Nation at Risk (1980s)
  • VI Science for All (1996 to today)

2
Inquiry teaching methods
  • traced back to mid 19th century college science
    instruction.
  • Ben Sillman visual aids
  • Louis Agassiz object lessons
  • Asa Gray botany as a related system

3
Inquiry teaching methods
  • Summarize your earliest memories of inquiry
    teaching methods
  • What does it mean to teach science by
    inquiry?
  • Describe teaching of this sort that we might
    find in your school.

4
I The Beginnings of Modern Science Education
(1900-1930)
  • Original U.S. Science Curriculum, 1899
  • Elementary School (K-8)
  • Nature Study (2 lessons per week)
  • High School (9-12, 4 lessons per week)
  • Grade 9 Physical Geography
  • Grade 10 Biology (botany zoology)
  • Grade 11 Physics
  • Grade 12 Chemistry

5
I The Beginnings of Modern Science Education
(1900-1930)
  • Nature study
  • --child-centered approach
  • --interdisciplinary study of plants, animals
    ecology
  • --dominant to 1910, faded by 1930s
  • Elementary Science Movement continuous K-8
    program that added physical science

6
Secondary School Science around 1920
  • One semester courses in many different subjects
    (astronomy, botany, geology, physiology, zoolog
  • Grade 9-12 science curriculum of year-long
    courses in general science, biology, chemistry
    and physics

7
II Progressive Education (1930-1950)
  • 1932 A Program for Science Teaching published
    NSSE
  • emphasized organization of sciences courses
    around general principles
  • involve students in observing, hypothesizing,
    and experimenting

8
II Progressive Education (1930-1950)
  • 1938 Science in General Education published by
    PEA, cited 4 aims of science teaching
  • John Dewey appeal to educators regarding
    progressivisms congruence with democratic ideals
    of the U.S.

9
II Golden Age of Science Education (1950-1977)
  • Cold War anxiety in the U.S.
  • Federal intervention in science education
  • Curriculum development
  • Teacher training

10
II Golden Age of Science Education (1950-1977)
  • NSF responds with Summer Institutes
  • Personnel shortages in science engineering
  • High school science courses inadequate
  • Science teacher training better methods
  • Textbooks outmoded

11
II Golden Age of Science Education (1950-1977)
  • A shot that had reverberating effects on U.S.
    science and mathematics education like no other
    event in the 20th century.

12
II Golden Age of Science Education (1950-1977)
13
IV Textbook Controversies Back to Basics,
(1975-1983)
  • Man A Course of Studies
  • April 1975 Congress terminated funds for this and
    other curriculum projects
  • 1980s NSF role in science education was limited
    to college faculty improvement

14
IV Textbook Controversies Back to Basics,
(1975-1983)
  • 1960s BSCS in Texas Rev. Lemmons
  • Henry Morris and Creation Science
  • 1972 CA Board of Education approved statement
    proposing neutrality in science textbooks. Texts
    dealing with evolution would include a printed
    statement
  • Science cannot answer all questions about origins
  • Evolution is a theory, not a fact

15
V A Nation at Risk (1980s)
  • National Commission on Excellence cries U.S. is
    being taken over as the leader in science,
    technology, commerce, industry and innovation by
    Japandue to the rising tide of mediocrity in our
    schools.
  • Five New Basics

16
VI Science for All (1996 to today)
  • Four developments of the 1990s
  • Scientific Literacy Movement
  • National Science Education Standards
  • Constructivist view of Learning
  • Emergence of the Internet
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