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Governing the Constructs of Life Exploring notions of good governance for human embryonic stem cell

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A lot of focus on specific policy and regulatory differences ... use as an 'organising framework for understanding changing processes of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Governing the Constructs of Life Exploring notions of good governance for human embryonic stem cell


1
Governing the Constructs of LifeExploring
notions of good governance for human embryonic
stem cell research
  • Molly Morgan
  • SPRU DPhil Day 2008

2
Overview
  • Introduction and context
  • Governance
  • Methodology - Multi-Criteria Mapping Interviews
  • Emerging thoughts

3
Introduction
  • Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research
  • Divergent US and UK policies
  • A lot of focus on specific policy and regulatory
    differences
  • Less focus on how governance of the issue is
    approached
  • How are notions of good governance for human
    embryonic stem cell research constructed by
    different groups of stakeholders in the US and
    the UK?
  • How can we illuminate, compare and explain for
    the reasons for different notions of good
    governance amongst these groups and countries?

4
Defining Governance
  • use as an organising framework for understanding
    changing processes of governing (Stoker, 1998)
  • looking at and understanding the nature of
    social-political interactions (Kooiman, 2003)
  • the sum of the many ways individuals and
    institutions, public and private, manage their
    common affairs (Kazancigil, 1998, p 70)
  • relationships between many spheres the public
    and private scientific and political ethical
    and practical moral and economical

5
Dimensions of governance
  • is the principal governance mode centralised or
    devolved?
  • do mechanisms for regulatory oversight provide
    detailed prescriptions or general guidance?
  • are associated deliberative processes
    democratic (participatory) or technocratic
    (expert-based)?

6
Interview methodology
  • Multi-Criteria Mapping decision analysis
    technique
  • Novel interview methodology incorporating
    quantitative and qualitative components
  • Software assisted
  • Characterise and evaluate an array of options
    using evaluative criteria defined by the
    interview participant
  • Reveals sensitivity maps
  • 50 stakeholder interviews, US and UK

7
Multi-Criteria Mapping Interviews
  • Stages of an MCM Interview

8
MCM Defining the options
  • Core Options
  • Detailed Centralised Oversight (UK) Centralised
    governance with detailed regulations implemented
    by an expert statutory body that is empowered by
    legislature and is informed by occasional public
    involvement initiatives.
  • Expert-led Framework (Sweden) Devolved ethical,
    expert-based oversight subject to central general
    laws.
  • Detailed Expert Oversight (Germany) Centralised,
    expert governance through detailed regulations
    established by legislature and carried out by
    central scientific institution.
  • Devolved Authority (Australia) Devolved
    legislative authority subject to central detailed
    regulations and expert review with occasional
    public participation.
  • Mixed Central/Devolved (US) Centralised expert
    governance with detailed regulation of federal
    public research funds, and a variety of devolved
    governance frameworks.
  • Ethics-led Governance (Israel) Centralised,
    expert governance through general laws with
    ethical oversight.
  • Discretionary Options
  • Devolved Democratic Governance Devolved
    democratic governance through general laws.
  • Centralised Democratic Governance Centralised
    democratic governance through general laws.
  • Centralised Regulatory Authority (Canada)
    Centralised detailed regulation by expert
    statutory body subject to oversight by
    legislature.

9
Criteria
  • Judgements, beliefs, values, technical
    information, etc
  • In the context of this research, are themselves
    expressions of good governance

10
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13
Emerging thoughts
  • Centralised vs. devolved
  • Uncertainty in devolved approaches UK
    perspective?
  • Light touch central oversight, not willing to
    give up local control US perspective?
  • Different meanings and interpretation of criteria
  • Role of the public and trust and confidence

14
Conclusions
  • 30 interviews completed
  • Analyse, Analyse, Analyse
  • Identify issues within criteria
  • Look for relationships between types of issues
    and different perspectives
  • Macro and micro perspectives and interfaces
  • Power and actor relationships?
  • Compare and contrast within wider policy
    literature

15
MCM Developing the options
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