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ABORIGINAL HISTORY

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To frequent burning off may be responsible for the many ... New plant shoots that emerged after a burning attracted animals which became an easy target. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ABORIGINAL HISTORY


1
ABORIGINAL HISTORY
  • AREA OF STUDY 1

2
  • Evidence suggests that the aboriginal people
    arrived in Australia by land bridges and paddling
    from South East Asia at least 60,000 years ago
    and possible up to 120,000 years.
  • Indigenous Australians believe they did not
    migrate to Australia. This is confirmed in their
    Dreaming. The Dreaming tell us about their
    spirituality and their strong entrenchment with
    the land.

3
  • Everything and everyone that was touched by the
    spirit ancestors became spiritually linked. When
    the spirits die they are either absorbed into the
    earth, creating features in the landscape, or
    they drift up into the sky. This belief explains
    the strong relationship, ultimate respect and
    intimate bond that Aboriginal people have with
    their environment.
  • The Dreaming also provides the law that the
    Aboriginal people have with their environment.
  • Stories of the Dreaming are passed down from
    generation to generation in the form of
    conversation, art, dance and song and provide the
    basis for a rich spiritual life.

4
  • Aboriginal perceptions of the environment are
    closely tied to their spirituality and their uses
    of the land are more than just a means of
    survival.
  • They live in harmony with the land. They believe
    it is their responsibility to care and protect
    it. This way the land continues to provide for
    them.

5
  • It was estimated that around the time of European
    settlement there were between 300,000 and
    1,500,000 Aboriginals. They live in small
    communities or clans all over the country. In
    Victoria an estimated 18,000 Aboriginal people
    lived in 38 distinct groups.

6
  • Over thousands of years Aboriginal people have
    expanded their knowledge of the land by observing
    the seasonal effects of nature. They developed
    land management techniques to ensure their
    survival.

7
  • Fire was the most common method for managing
    the land (plants and animals). Fire stick farming
    involves burning small areas of land in a
    patchwork pattern to reduce the incidence of
    larger more devastating fires. Burning promotes
    regrowth which advantageous to plants, animals
    and humans. To frequent burning off may be
    responsible for the many grasslands and woodlands
    present when the Europeans arrived.
  • New plant shoots that emerged after a burning
    attracted animals which became an easy target.

8
  • Another form of regenerations and sustainable
    hunting used by aboriginal people is in the
    establishment of Conservation or Sanctuary Zones.
    These places were very special and no hunting,
    gathering or burning took place. Plants and
    animals thrived in these areas and eventually
    overflowed the boundaries where they could be
    sustainably hunted and gathered.

9
THE WOIWURRUNG
  • When Europeans first settled the Port Phillip
    region it was already occupied by five Aboriginal
    language groups. These groups spoke a related
    language and were part of the KULIN (Koolin)
    nation of peoples.

10
  • The people are
  • Woiwurrung (Woy-wur-rung) - The Wurundjeri People
  • Boonerwrung (Bun-er-rong) - The Boonerwrung
    People
  • Wathaurong (Wath-er-rong) - The Wathaurong People
  • Taungerong (Tung-ger-rong) - The Taungerong
    People
  • Dja Dja Wrung (Jar-Jar wrung) - The Jaara People

11
  • Traditionally, the Kulin people lived as hunters
    and gatherers for many generations. Seasonal
    changes in the weather and availability of foods
    would determine where campsites were located.

12
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