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Infinitive, Prepositional, and Appositive Phrases

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Hummingbirds' wings beat too rapidly to be seen by the human eye. ( used as an adverb) ... Off. On. Out. Outside. Over. Past. Regarding. Since. Through ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Infinitive, Prepositional, and Appositive Phrases


1
Infinitive, Prepositional, and Appositive Phrases
2
Infinitives
  • An infinitive is a verb form, usually preceded by
    to, used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
  • Example
  • I love to eat ice cream.

3
Infinitive Phrases
  • An infinitive phrase is a phrase that consists of
    an infinitive and its modifiers and complements.
  • Example
  • It is good to have an A in Ms. Shelnuts
    class. (The infinitive phrase modifies the
    adjective good.)

4
Infinitive Phrases
  • Example
  • To finish Their Eyes Were Watching God is my
    goal for this weekend. (The infinitive phrase is
    the subject of the word is.)

5
Infinitive Phrases
  • Example
  • Samantha loves to go to the football games on
    Friday nights. (The infinitive phrase is the
    direct object of the verb loves.)

6
Infinitive Phrases
  • Examples
  • To finish early is our primary goal. (used as a
    noun)
  • Napoleons plan to conquer the world failed. (used
    as an adjective)
  • Hummingbirds wings beat too rapidly to be seen
    by the human eye. (used as an adverb)

7
Infinitive Phrases used as nouns
  • Infinitive phrases used as nouns can either be
    the subject, direct object, or predicate
    nominative of the sentence.

8
Infinitive Phrases used as nouns (cont.)
  • Examples
  • To finish early is our primary goal. (used as a
    subject)
  • Julia wants to go to the beach with us on
    Saturday. (used as a direct object)
  • Lilys dream was to act on Broadway. (used as
    a predicate nominative)

9
Prepositions

Beneath Beside Besides Between Beyond But By Con
cerning Down During Except For From In
Inside Into Like Near Of Off On
Out Outside Over Past Regarding Since Th
rough
Throughout Till To Toward Under Underneath Until U
nto Up Upon With Within Without
About Above Across After Against Along
Amid Among Around As At Before Behin
d Below
10
Prepositional Phrases
  • A prepositional phrase is a group of words
    consisting of a preposition, the object of the
    preposition, and any modifiers of that object.
  • The object of a preposition may be a noun, a
    pronoun, or a verbal.

11
Prepositional Phrases
  • Example
  • Rebecca applied her makeup for the school
    picture. (For is the preposition. The school
    picture modifies for.)

12
Appositives
  • An appositive is a noun or a pronoun placed
    beside another noun or pronoun to identify or
    explain it.
  • Example
  • The horse, Mr. Ed, is understood by
    humans. (Mr. Ed identifies horse.)

13
Appositive Phrases
  • An appositive phrase consists of an appositive
    and its modifiers.
  • Example
  • Mr. Ed, the star of his own TV show,
  • is a horse understood by humans. (of his own
    TV show modifies the appositive star.)

14
Infinitive, Prepositional, and Appositive Phrases
  • 1.) To land an American on the moon became the
    national goal of the United States during the
    1960s. (I, noun)
  • 2.) The tall building with the red roof is our
    new library. (P)
  • 3.) We visited Boston Harbor, the site of the
    Boston Tea Party. (A)
  • 4.) The Johnsons didnt leave until after eleven
    oclock. (P)

15
  • 4.) The Johnsons didnt leave until after
    eleven oclock. (P)
  • 5.) Mom says I need to finish the dishes before
    I can go to the movies. (I, noun)
  • 6.) The Kenai Peninsula is the home of the
    Alaska moose, the largest deer in the world.
  • 7.) Our graduating class was planning to hold a
    re-union on Monday, January 1, 2001, the first
    day of the twenty- first century. (A)
  • 8.) I did not have time to watch the football
    game on television. (I, adjective)
  • 9.) The weather report advised people to take
    shelter in whatever was available. (P)
  • 10.) These reptiles, natives of Africa,
    eventually found their way to North America. (A)
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