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FACILITIES PLANNING

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For an airport, facilities planning involves determining how the airport ... Problems. Peruse the problems at the end of the first chapter (Lab activity) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FACILITIES PLANNING


1
FACILITIES PLANNING
  • INTRODUCTION

Form Follows Function
Form and function should be one, joined in a
spiritual union
2
FACILITY
  • Building
  • people
  • material
  • machines
  • Stated purpose
  • objectives

3
Participants in a facility planning project
  • Civil
  • Electrical
  • Mechanical
  • Industrial Engineers
  • Architects
  • Consultants
  • General contractors
  • Managers
  • Real estate brokers
  • Urban planners

4
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5
Towards a definition
  • Facilities planning determines how an activity's
    tangible fixed assets best support achieving the
    activity's objective.
  • For a manufacturing firm, facilities planning
    involves the determination of how the
    manufacturing facility best supports production.
  • For an airport, facilities planning involves
    determining how the airport facility is to
    support the passenger-airplane interface.
  • For a hospital How the hospital facility
    supports providing medical care to patients.

6
FP involves
  • i.e., Hospital, Office, Manufacturing FPs

7
Facilities Location
  • Determining how the location of a facility
    supports meeting the facility's objective
  • Its placement with respect to customer,
    suppliers, and other facilities with which it
    interfaces.
  • Its orientation on a specific plot of land.

8
Facilities Design
  • The determination of how the design components of
    a facility support achieving the facility's
    objectives

9
Facility Systems
  • Structural and enclosure systems
  • Lighting, electrical, communication systems
  • Life safety systems
  • Sanitation systems
  • For a plant
  • Power, light, gas, heat, ventilation, air
    conditioning, water, sewage needs.

10
Facilities Layout
  • Equipment
  • Machinery
  • Furnishings
  • For a manufacturing facility
  • Production areas
  • Support areas
  • Personnel areas within the building

11
Handling System
  • Mechanisms needed to satisfy the required
    facility interactions.
  • For a Manufacturing Facility
  • Materials, personnel, information, and
    equipment-handling systems required to support
    production.

12
Motivations
  • Reindustrialization
  • Employee health and safety
  • Energy conservation
  • Community rules and regulations
  • Noise, air pollution, waste disposal
  • Pilferage

13
Objectives-I-
  • Customer satisfaction
  • Return on assets (ROA)
  • Maximize inventory turns
  • Minimize obsolete inventory
  • Maximize employee participation
  • Maximize continuous improvement
  • Speed for quick customer response
  • Costs and supply chain profitability

14
Objectives-II-
  • Supply chain through partnerships and
    communication
  • Organizations vision
  • Utilizations of people, equipment, space, energy.
  • Return on investment (ROI) on all capital
    expenditures
  • Adaptability and ease of maintenance
  • Employee safety and job satisfaction

15
Facilities Planning Process
  • DEFINE THE PROBLEM
  • The objective of the facility
  • Products/Volumes/Role in the SC
  • The primary and support activities
  • Operations, equipment, personnel, material flows
  • Maintenance

16
Facilities Planning Process
  • ANALYZE THE PROBLEM
  • The interrelationships among all activities
  • (Qualitative and quantitative)

17
Facilities Planning Process
  • DETERMINE THE SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL
    ACTIVITIES
  • For all equipment, material, and personnel
  • Alternative designs
  • Alternative facilities plans

18
Facilities Planning Process
  • EVALUATE THE ALTERNATIVES
  • SELECT THE PREFERRED DESIGN
  • IMPLEMENT THE DESIGN
  • Implement the plan
  • Maintain and adapt the plan
  • Redefine the objective of the facility

19
Model of Success
  • VISION
  • MISSION
  • REQUIREMENT OF SUCCESS
  • GUIDING PRINCIPLES
  • EVIDENCE OF SUCCESS
  • (Tompkins 1989)

20
Cost of making design changes
  • Planning
  • Designing
  • Building
  • Installing
  • Commissioning

21
Synergistic benefit of integrated
manufacturing-marketing team
  • No.of units sold
  • Improved flexible manufacturing
  • Product variety
  • Lot sizes
  • Quality
  • Inventory
  • Manufacturing unit costs
  • Customer service

22
Facilities planning
  • Determines how an activity's tangible fixed
    assets should contribute to meeting the
    activity's objectives.
  • Consists of facilities location and facilities
    design,
  • Is part art and part science.
  • Can be approached using the engineering design
    process,
  • Is a continuous process and should be viewed from
    a life cycle perspective.
  • Represents one of the most significant
    opportunities for cost reduction and productivity
    improvement.

23
Facility Location
Type and Quantity of Material Handling Devices
Determining Flow of Products and People
Type Volume of Products (services)
Determine Material Handling Methods
Scheduling and Planning Jobs
Manufacturing (services) Processes Required
Layout of Equipment within Each Cell
Overall System Design
Design of Components (services)
Layout of machine cells
Inventory Control
Type and Quantity of Equipment Required
Determination of Machine (service) Cells
Distribution of Goods
Process Planning
Tooling and Fixture Determination
Quality Control and Customer Service
24
  • The involvement of Industrial Engineers in the
    design process enhances and optimizes all aspects
    of architectural professional practice in
    commercial, healthcare, or industrial projects.
    Traditionally. IEs possess skills and analytical
    tools for determining site selection, space
    requirements, flow/activity analysis, and
    space/function relationship programming. Using
    these skills, the engineer brings value to the
    overall design by assisting in operations
    planning, concept design, and layout evaluation
    and therefore yielding a more cost-effective and
    functional design.

25
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26
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27
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28
Problems
  • Peruse the problems at the end of the first
    chapter (Lab activity).
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