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State Wildlife Grants Program and the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy

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US laws and policies place primary responsibility for wildlife ... Mussels. Chittenango ovate amber snail. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: State Wildlife Grants Program and the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy


1
State Wildlife Grants Program and the
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy
  • Jenny A. Landry

2
Conserving Biodiversity
  • US laws and policies place primary responsibility
    for wildlife management in the hands of the
    states
  • State Wildlife Grants provides Federal dollars to
    support cost effective conservation aimed at
    preventing wildlife from becoming endangered.

3
Background of the State Wildlife Grants Program
  • The program was first authorized by congress in
    2002
  • Program grew out of Conservation and Reinvestment
    Act compromise language
  • Program is subject to annual congressional
    legislation

4
What does the program do?
  • SWG program is intended to assist states in
    biodiversity preservation
  • Tied to species in greatest need of
    conservation
  • These are species which have not traditionally
    received funding for management
  • Intended to avoid new listings of endangered
    species

5
How does the program work?
  • Congress makes an annual appropriation
  • The funds are apportioned to each state based on
    a formula
  • States had to commit to write a Comprehensive
    Wildlife Conservation Strategy by Oct. 2005
  • Targeted toward species of greatest conservation
    need

6
How does the program work? (contd)
  • The individual states apply for their
    apportionment annually from USFWS
  • The program pays for both species investigations
    and implementation projects
  • Match required - 50

7
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy
  • Mandated by congress to remain eligible for
    funding
  • Submitted to USFWS for acceptance

8
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy
Structure
  • Organized by major watersheds of the state
  • Species information analyzed by each watershed
  • List species occurring in the basin
  • List critical habitats of the basin
  • Priority conservation actions in the basin
  • Information from other planning documents
    reviewed and included.

9
N
10
Fish Highlights
  • Sturgeon
  • American eel
  • Longear sunfish
  • Brook trout
  • Anadromous species
  • Winter flounder
  • Gilt darter

11
Bird Highlights
  • Raptors
  • Shorebirds
  • Marsh birds
  • Common nighthawk
  • Waterfowl
  • Colonial nesters

12
Mammal highlights
  • Bats
  • Lynx
  • Cougar
  • Wolf
  • American marten
  • River otter

13
Amphibian and Reptile Highlights
  • Snakes
  • Salamanders
  • Frogs and toads
  • Turtles
  • Hellbender

14
Invertebrate Highlights
  • Moths
  • Dragonflies and damselflies
  • Mussels
  • Chittenango ovate amber snail

15
Top Threats to Species of Greatest Conservation
Need Statewide
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation
  • Only 15 of state land area in public ownership
  • Contaminant deposition
  • Acids
  • Mercury
  • Nitrogen products
  • Degraded water quality altered hydrology

16
Top Threats to Species of Greatest Conservation
Need Statewide (contd)
  • Invasive species
  • Changing farm and forestry practices
  • Direct human-wildlife interactions
  • Collisions
  • Poaching
  • Unregulated harvest
  • Climate change

17
Outcomes Conservation Recommendations
  • Data Collection
  • Planning
  • Management and Restoration
  • Land Protection
  • Regulatory and Legislative
  • Information Dissemination
  • Incentives and Disincentives

18
Outcomes Policy and Practice
  • Moving away from single species management.
  • Integrating fish and wildlife management with
    environmental quality.
  • Dealing with species metapopulations
  • Integrating fish and wildlife disciplines through
    habitat management.

19
New Ways of Working Under SWG
  • Addressing both natural resources and
    environmental quality issues
  • Creating stronger interdivisional relationships
  • Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources
  • Division of Lands and Forests
  • Division of Water

20
NYs SWG funding so far
21
New Staff
  • Federal Fiscal Year 2004 funds were used to hire
    9 ecologists within 11 major watersheds and 1
    data coordinator
  • This single year of funds will cover staff
    salaries for at least three years
  • New staff will implement the SWG program and the
    recommendations in the CWCS

22
New Biologists Duties
  • Develop and write 5-year action plans in
    consultation with Watershed Team and Agency Staff
  • Recruit Watershed Team members
  • Annual watershed priority development for RFA
  • Watershed project oversight/management
  • Watershed project implementation
  • Annual grant reporting
  • Communicate CWCS issues with Watershed Team,
    other DEC Divisions and programs in the regions

23
New Staff
24
NY Forests
  • Forest cover has returned to 60 of the land area
    of New York concurrent with the decline of
    agriculture.
  • Need active management of vegetative succession
  • Sustainable forest practices, in accordance with
    BMPs, improve forest health and resilience

25
72 of forest land in New York is privately
owned.
26
NYFOA Contract
  • Develop Materials and Website
  • Publicize CWCS implementation needs to Forest
    Owners
  • Landowner visits
  • Database
  • Map of landowners and critical habitats
  • Strategic Plan

27
Boreal Forest Birds
28
Deciduous/Mixed Forest Breeding Birds
29
Early Successional Forest/Shrubland Birds
30
Forest Breeding Raptors
31
High Altitude Conifer Forest Birds
32
Tree Bats
33
Vernal Pool Salamanders
34
Woodland/Grassland Snakes
35
Thank you!
Jenny Ann Landry NYSDEC jalandry_at_gw.dec.state.ny.u
s 585-226-5491
36
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