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Information Series Graduating Are You Ready for Work

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Catherine Drum, BASc(OHS), CRSP. Environmental Health & Safety ... Liz Krivonosov, CBR Officer. Margie Hutchinson, Admin. Located: 11th floor, Jorgenson Hall ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Information Series Graduating Are You Ready for Work


1
Information Series Graduating Are You Ready for
Work?
  • Presented By
  • Catherine Drum, BASc(OHS), CRSP
  • Environmental Health Safety Officer, CEHSM
  • 04 October 2005
  • Ryerson University -- Wisdom Applied

2
CEHSM
  • Vice President Dr. Linda Grayson
  • Assoc Director. Julia Lewis
  • Staff Cate Drum, EHS Officer
  • Liz Krivonosov, CBR Officer
  • Margie Hutchinson, Admin
  • Located 11th floor, Jorgenson Hall
  • Website www.ryerson.ca/cehsm

3
Centre for Environmental Health Safety
Management
  • Our focus is on developing, promoting
  • and implementing best practices
  • in prevention and risk management

4
CEHSM
  • Services
  • Consulting
  • Technical Assessments
  • Auditing
  • Investigations
  • Training

5
CEHSM Training Available to You
  • OHS Orientation (CD ROM Certificate)
  • www.ryerson.ca/cehsm/corecompetency/ehsorientation
    .html
  • WHMIS (On-line Certificate)
  • www.river.dmp.ryerson.ca/cehsm/whmisquiz/

6
Objective
  • To help raise your awareness
  • about Health Safety

7
Why Health Safety is important
  • Workplaces can be dangerous places
  • Injuries happen in all kinds of workplaces
  • Every week in Ontario, workers are injured or
    killed on the job

8
Injury statistics
  • Every week, in Ontario
  • 5400 people were injured on the job
  • 2 people died from a work-related accident
  • 4 people died from a work-related disease
  • Over 49,000 young workers
  • got hurt or even worse last year

9
Why workers get hurt
  • No training
  • No experience
  • Do not know their legal rights
  • Afraid to ask questions
  • Trying to balance several responsibilities
  • Distracted

10
Costs of injury or illness
  • May miss a special event and family function
  • Hard to see someone you love in pain
  • Loss of productivity
  • Impact on co-workers, friends, family

11
You have rights and responsibilities for
workplace health and safety
  • When you start a new job, do you know what your
    role is in the company health and safety program?
  • Are you familiar with the types of hazards you
    may encounter?

12
Heres the risk
  • A significant number of workplace injuries occur
    in the first few days of employment or after a
    change in duties
  • Getting oriented when you start a new job with a
    new employer or even with the same employer helps
    you prevent being injured

13
What is OHS orientation?
  • Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) orientation
    involves getting employees and others familiar
    with the workplaces health and safety program
    and the hazards people may be exposed to
  • Orientation ensures that individuals are familiar
    with the companys expectations for health and
    safety, the role that the individuals have in the
    health and safety program and the hazards of the
    particular worksite

14
Who needs to be orientated?
  • Circumstances vary from place to workplace, but
    OHS orientation could be given to
  • New hires, temporary, seasonal or full-time
    returning employees
  • Outside contractors
  • Visitors and others
  • Orientation may also be needed for employees that
    are assigned new or unfamiliar work, and/or
    equipment

15
Who is responsible for orientation?
  • The Occupational Health and Safety Act requires
    employers and supervisors to train workers to
    know the hazards in their workplace and the
    procedures for doing the job
  • Beyond this legal requirement, many people have a
    role to play in making sure that individuals are
    properly prepared and entry into the workplace
  • Different people could be responsible for
    different parts of an orientation program

16
Who is responsible for orientation?
  • For example
  • the Health and Safety coordinator might deliver
    the overall orientation of the organizations
    policies and program
  • a nurse might review accident reporting
    procedures
  • a supervisor might outline specific safe work
    procedures for a particular job or change in
    job/task

17
What topics are usually covered in OHS
Orientation?
  • Health and safety policies
  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Safe work procedures
  • Work refusal procedures
  • Accident/incident/hazard reporting
  • Specific hazard information

18
What topics are usually covered in OHS
Orientation?
  • Emergency procedures
  • Discipline policy
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Engineering and administrative control measures
  • The joint health and safety committee

19
Heres what you need to know whenever you start a
new job
  • The Law
  • there are health and safety laws that specify
    rights and responsibilities for everyone in the
    workplace
  • the law also has provision for setting up a joint
    health and safety committee or choosing a health
    and safety representative for your workplace

20
Heres what you need to know whenever you start a
new job
  • Hazards
  • every workplace has hazards
  • there are different types and you need to be
    aware of the ones in your workplace
  • Learn how to protect yourself
  • there are a few key parts of your workplaces
    health and safety program you should know about
    that will help protect you

21
The Law
  • There are two sets of laws and regulations for
    health and safety in Ontario
  • Canada Labour Code (CLC), Part II for workplaces
    under federal jurisdiction
  • The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) for
    workplaces under provincial jurisdiction
  • These laws and regulations outline the rights,
    roles and responsibilities of workers,
    supervisors, employers and other workplace
    parties
  • Most workplaces in Ontario are provincially
    regulated

22
The Law
  • Examples of workplaces under federal jurisdiction
    are
  • post office
  • airlines
  • airports
  • inter-provincial transportation
  • telephone
  • banks
  • If you are not sure if your workplace is under
    provincial or federal jurisdiction, contact the
    Ministry of Labour office (www.labour.gov.on.ca)
    or Human Resource and Skills Development Canada
    (www.hrsdc.gc.ca)

23
Rights Responsibilities
  • Worker Rights
  • You have the right to
  • Know about hazards in your workplace
  • Participate in keeping the workplace healthy and
    safe
  • Refuse unsafe work

24
Rights Responsibilities
  • Worker Responsibilities
  • Always practice safe work procedures
  • Report unsafe conditions as quickly as possible
    to your supervisor or employer
  • Properly wear any protective equipment the job
    requires
  • Do not do anything on the job that will endanger
    yourself or others

25
Rights Responsibilities
  • Employers must
  • Take every reasonable precaution to protect a
    workers health and safety
  • Make sure necessary safety equipment is provided,
    used properly and maintained
  • Inform workers and supervisors of any hazards and
    how to handle them
  • Ensure that safe procedures are followed in the
    workplace
  • Provide information, instruction and competent
    supervision to protect the health and safety of
    workers

26
Rights Responsibilities
  • Supervisors must
  • Take every reasonable precaution to protect a
    workers health and safety
  • Inform workers of job hazards and ensure they are
    trained to do their jobs safely
  • Ensure that workers work safely and use the
    equipment and protective devices properly where
    required

27
When do you need a joint health and safety
committee?
  • Under OHSA and the CLC, where there are 20 or
    more workers in your workplace, (including
    management)
  • The OHSA requires a JHSC if there is a designated
    substance in your workplace or on construction
    projects that will last three or more months and
    where there are 20 or more workers, (including
    management)

28
When is your workplace required health and a
health and safety representative?
  • Under the OHSA, if there are six or more workers
    in your workplace (including management)
  • Under the CLC, if there are five or more workers
    (including management)

29
What does the health and safety representative or
the JHSC members do?
  • Work to solve occupational health and safety
    issues before someone is injured or made ill
  • Conduct regular inspections of the workplace and
    report the findings to the committee
  • Make recommendations to management and workers on
    how to make the workplace safer
  • Investigate serious accidents

30
Hazards
  • A workplace hazard is any condition, practice,
    behaviour, or a combination of these that can
    cause injury or illness to a person or damage to
    property

31
Types of Hazards
  • Biological
  • Chemical
  • Ergonomic
  • Physical
  • Psychosocial

32
Hazards
  • Biological
  • Blood and/or body fluids
  • Insect bites
  • Bird or animal droppings
  • Chemical
  • Paints, acids and solvents
  • vapours and fumes
  • Flammable materials

33
Hazards
  • Ergonomic
  • Poor lighting
  • Constant lifting
  • Poor workstation design and chairs
  • Physical
  • Unguarded machines
  • Ladders / scaffolds
  • Constant loud noises
  • Long exposure to heat or cold

34
Hazards
  • Psychosocial
  • Stress from work
  • Threat of violence at home or work
  • Personality conflicts at home or work

35
Hazard Control
  • Hazards should be eliminated or at least
    controlled to minimize exposure to risk
  • Here are a variety of ways to control hazards
  • Substitution with a less hazardous material,
    process or equipment
  • Re-engineering equipment or a work process
  • Installing physical barriers like machine
    guarding
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Ventilation

36
Learn how to protect yourself
  • WHMIS
  • WHMIS is the Workplace Hazardous Materials
    Information System
  • This system was designed to make sure that
    workers across Canada know how to safely handle
    chemicals
  • It is also the law.
  • Everyone in the workplace must receive WHMIS
    training that relates to the workplace, including
    you.
  • WHMIS has three parts
  • Warning labels
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • Worker Training

37
Learn how to protect yourself
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • You are responsible for properly wearing any
    special protective equipment that your job
    requires
  • Using it will help protect you from injury and
    illness
  • Be sure it fits right and meets approved
    standards

38
Learn how to protect yourself
  • Here are some examples.
  • Hard hats to protect your head
  • Hair nets to keep your hair from becoming caught
    in machine parts
  • Non-slip safety boots look for CSA approval
  • Gloves to protect your hands
  • Hearing protection to block out dangerous levels
    of noise
  • Safety glasses or goggles to protect your eyes

39
Learn how to protect yourself
  • Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)
  • Knowing the SOPs for equipment you use will help
    you do your job properly and safely
  • By following SOPs you will use your equipment the
    way it was intended

40
Learn how to protect yourself
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Every workplace should have emergency procedures
    and plans
  • Get to know the emergency procedures at your
    workplace

41
Learn how to protect yourself
  • First Aid
  • Regulation 1101 provides first aid requirements
    for different workplaces covered by the Workplace
    Safety and Insurance Act
  • Canada Labour Code, Part II includes a first aid
    regulation that applies to federally-regulated
    workplaces

42
Learn how to protect yourself
  • Reporting an injury
  • If you do get injured or feel ill, advise your
    supervisor
  • If you receive first aid, it should be recorded
    in the companys first aid record
  • Your employer must report your injury within 3
    days to the WSIB if you
  • receive healthcare treatment,
  • lose time from work, or
  • lose wages

43
HS Orientation Checklist
  • I received information on the hazards specific to
    my job
  • I know my legal workplace health and safety
    rights
  • I know my legal roles and responsibilities and
    those of my supervisor and I am committed to
    doing my part to ensure my workplace is safe and
    healthy
  • I received and read the workplace health and
    safety policy/program

44
HS Orientation Checklist
  • My workplace has a joint health and safety
    committee or a health and safety representative.
    I know who the committee members are or who the
    representative is
  • I received training on how to do my job safely
  • I received training on the specific equipment and
    the materials I use as well as the work processes
    in my workplace
  • I will look out for hazards
  • I know how to report an unsafe condition or act

45
HS Orientation Checklist
  • I work with a WHMIS controlled substance and
    received WHMIS training
  • I know where to find the MSDSs and have or will
    review them when handling a WHMIS controlled
    substance
  • I received training on the personal protective
    equipment I need to wear and how to use it
    properly
  • I received training on emergency procedures and
    know where the exits and first aid stations are
    located
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