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Taking a Stand in History:

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Taking a Stand in History: People, Ideas, Events. Marsha Ingrao, Instructional Consultant ... Starting at the bottom of the graph, put a dot on the graph if you have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Taking a Stand in History:


1
Taking a Stand in History
  • People, Ideas, Events

Marsha Ingrao, Instructional Consultant marshai_at_tc
oe.org
2
Internet Research
  • Session 2

3
Charting Progress
  • Starting at the bottom of the graph, put a dot on
    the graph if you have collected information from
    the source listed.

4
Norms
  • Use words and actions that are respectful.
  • Communicate with both yourself and others in
    mind.
  • Encourage the exchange of ideas.
  • Listen attentively with the intention to
    understand.

5
Agenda
  • Step One Selecting Topic Review
  • Step Two Begin Researching
  • Secondary Sources Online
  • Primary Sources Online
  • Internet Quality Check
  • Step Three Documentation
  • Bibliography
  • Process Paper

6
Review Evaluating Web Sources
  • What is the domain?
  • edueducation
  • Govgovernment
  • Orgorganization
  • Comcommercial
  • personal page example .edu/lincoln
  • Credentials of the author
  • Name of organization
  • Websites that link to your site

7
Search Engines
  • Efficient ways to search
  • Differences among search engines

8
Partner Reflection
  • If we had unlimited time we could search forever.
    With all the search engines available, which one
    or ones seem to fit your needs best?
  • What surprised you in this activity?

9
Windows Opening
  • Keep one window open. http//citationmachine.net/
  • Keep your note taking window open (Cornell notes)
  • Keep your process paper open.

10
Use Primary Sources
  • Learn about your topic using primary sources.
  • Primary Sources are documents that are created
    by
  • people who participated in the events or
  • people who witnessed the event.

11
Types of Primary Sources
  • Written Documents (diaries, memos, reports,
    deeds, wills, official records, personal records)
  • Photographs
  • Cartoons
  • Posters
  • Maps
  • Artifacts
  • Sound recordings
  • Motion pictures

12
Recent Primary Sources
  • Recent is considered anytime in the past 60
    years. There is usually someone still alive who
    has participated in events that you can email,
    phone, or write.

13
Time and Place Rule
  • This rule says the closer in time and place a
    source and its creator were to the event in the
    past, the better the source will be. Library of
    Congress Learning Page

14
Evaluating Primary Sources
  • Test reliability of a primary source
  • Time and Place Rule
  • Bias Rule
  • Crosscheck
  • Questions to Ask Yourself
  • Web Sources

15
Bias Rule
  • Says that every source is biased in some way.
    Documents tell us only what the creator of the
    document thought happened, or perhaps only what
    the creator wants us to think happened…
  • Every piece of evidence and every source must be
    read or viewed skeptically and critically.
  • No piece of evidence should be taken at face
    value. The creator's point of view must be
    considered.
  • Each piece of evidence and source must be
    cross-checked and compared with related sources
    and pieces of evidence. Library of Congress
    Learning Page

16
Partner Reflection
  • What ideas might you be having about how will you
    could scaffold this process to make it easier for
    your students?

17
Primary Sources on the Internet
  • National Archives and Records Administration
  • NARA Digital Classroom
  • Library of Congress American Memory
  • The Avalon Project at Yale Law School
  • Bartleby.com Search Quotations

18
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet
Political cartoons www.archives.gov Cartoon
Analysis Worksheet
19
Analyzing Political Cartoons
  • Three Levels of Analysis
  • Record what you see.
  • Record feelings and symbols.
  • Search for deeper meaning.

20
Photo Analysis Worksheet
  • Three steps
  • Record what you can touch.
  • Hypothesize or infer.
  • Record questions raised.

21
Analyzing Photos
22
Practice
  • Using ARC enter 533461 as a keyword to put
    together an oral report and slide show or
    PowerPoint presentation using as "slides" digital
    images on the computer screen.
  • Copy 3-7 pictures into a power point presentation
  • Analyze them in the slide following each photo.

23
Written Document Analysis Worksheet
  • Six Steps
  • Type of document
  • Physical Qualities
  • Date
  • Author
  • Audience
  • Information in document

24
Written Document
Use the worksheet to analyze document. http//www.
archives.gov/education/lessons/jackie-robinson/let
ter-1958.html
25
Quotations
  • Use quotations often to make a point.
  • Explain your reactions to the quote as it
    pertains to the theme or your thesis.

26
Step Four Continue Researching
  • Public Libraries
  • University Libraries
  • Historical Societies Local for the area your
    are studying
  • Other organizations
  • Museums
  • Book/video stores
  • Historic Sites

27
Local Library
  • Public Library (local historic photos available
    online)
  • Librarians a great resource
  • Reference books
  • General historical works
  • Internet access
  • Videos
  • Historical novels
  • News clippings of local events
  • Special collections
  • Historical monographs (A scholarly piece of
    writing of essay or book length on a specific,
    often limited subject. )

28
University Libraries
  • Librarians (can make searching go faster)
  • Historical Atlasses
  • Popular magazines
  • Previous studies on your topic

29
State and Local Historical Societies
  • Sometimes offer scholarships or want to display
    your work when you are finished
  • Manuscript collections
  • Letters and diaries
  • Papers of prominent local individuals
  • Oral history collections
  • Birth, marriage and death records
  • Photographs
  • Pamphlets
  • State Commission reports
  • Historical object collections

30
Organizations
  • Churches
  • Fraternal organizations
  • Ethnic societies
  • Political parties or organizations
  • Corporations
  • Veterans Groups
  • Community Centers

31
Video Store
  • Amazon.com
  • Powells.com
  • Local video store

32
Visiting Historical Sites
  • You get a feel for where the event took place.
  • You can take your own pictures.
  • You can find experts.
  • The site may have its own research collection.
  • Call or write for appointments to get the best
    results.

33
Summer Institute
  • ATTENTION TEACHERS National History Day Is
    holding the second summer institute in
    Williamsburg, VA.
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