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Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia

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... Land dispute on pastoral boundary of Kobdhahad village between two clans ... Restriction of livestock movement in parts of Bari due to clan conflict ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia


1
Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit -Somalia
Post Gu 09 Assessment Analysis Northeast
Region August 2009
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
2
Gu 09 Seasonal Assessment Coverage Field
Access and Field Data Locations
3
Main Livelihood Groups Sources of Food
and Income
  • Livelihood Groups Main Sources
  • of Food and Income
  • 8 Pastoral Livelihoods (Hawd, Sool, Nugal
    valley, Addun, Golis/Gebi, Dharoor and coastal
    Deeh)
  • Primary sources of income of poor sale of
    livestock livestock products
  • Primary sources of food of poor purchase
  • Primary livelihood assets of poor camel,
    sheep/goat

4
Climate Performance of the Gu 09 Season
  • Gu Seasonal Rains (April- June)
  • Start of Season Started on time in Bari regions
    and late in Mudug region
  • Temporal and Spatial Distribution Ended early in
    all regions and localized dry in April (1st to
    2nd Dekads), May (2nd Dekad) and, also, dry in
    June.
  • Near normal rains Jerriban, Galkayo, Iskusuban,
    Qardho, Qandala and Bosaso districts
  • Poor rains Hawd, Addun and Nugal valley LZs

5
Climate Vegetation Conditions
NDVI/RFE trend by district land cover
6
Civil Insecurity
  • Civil security situation
  • Bossaso district Land dispute on pastoral
    boundary of Kobdhahad village between two clans
  • B/Bayla-(Dhudub village) Resource based
    conflict resulted in death cases
  • Galkacyo Occasional killing by unidentified
    groups targeting prominent community members and
    Government
  • Presence of sea pirates
  • Direct and Indirect Impacts on Food Security
    and Nutrition
  • Low impact on rural livelihoods, in general
  • Restriction of livestock movement in parts of
    Bari due to clan conflict
  • Limited global trade movement due to sea pirates
  • Increased IDPs and destitute pastoralist in
    main towns due to civil insecurity in Mogadishu

Source FSAU Protection Cluster
7
Agriculture
Gu 09 Cereal Flow July09
8

Agriculture
  • Northeast Regional Trends in Cereal Prices
    Terms of Trade

Regional Trend in Cereal Prices (Rice)
Regional Trends in Terms of Trade Cereal to
Labor (kg rice /daily wage)
9

Agriculture
  • Northeast Regional Trends in Cereal Prices
    Terms of Trade
  • Regional Trend in
  • Cereal Prices
  • (Sorghum)

Regional Trends in Terms of Trade Cereal to
Labor (kg of sorghum /daily wage)
10
Livestock
Rangeland Conditions and Livestock Migration July
09
  • Poor performance of Gu 09 season
  • Negatively affected both rangeland and water
    conditions
  • Resulting in poor livestock body conditions and
    milk production
  • Leading to stressed and abnormal migration in
    most areas

11
Livestock
Trends in Livestock Holdings and Milk Production
12
Livestock Livestock, Water and Pasture/Browse
Conditions

Average camel body condition Iskushuban water
source Iskushuban district Kakaar pastoral
Gu 09
Early water trucking started in Sool Plateau
Meygaag B/Beyla district Sool plateu Gu 2009
Average browse condition Conqorro, Alula
district Golis Gu 09
13
Regional Trends in Goat Prices Terms of Trade
Livestock
Regional Average Monthly Prices Local Quality
Goat (SoSh)
14
Livestock
Trends in Livestock Exports and Export Quality
Goat Prices
Bossaso Total Annual Livestock Exports (Heads)
Compared to 5-year Average
Bossaso Livestock Exports (Heads) and Export
Quality Goat Prices (US)
15
Markets
Imported Commodity Prices, Labour
Rates/Availability
  • Factors Affecting Commercial Import Price
    Declines (last six months)
  • Declining global prices
  • Increased commercial imports
  • Appreciated/ Stable SoSh
  • Factors Affecting Wage Labor Availability
  • Lower investments in construction activities
  • Low brokerage activities in livestock marketing

16
Summary of Nutrition Findings
Nutrition
17
Summary of Nutrition Findings
Nutrition
18
Nutrition
Nutrition Situation Estimates - Regional Maps
Nutrition Situation Estimates, August 2009
Nutrition Situation Estimates, January 2009
19
IPC Analysis Templates
Overall Statements
20
IPC Analysis Templates
Overall Statements
21
Summary Progression of Rural IPC Situation
  • Key IPC Reference Outcomes
  • HE Poor (100) population in Hawd and Addun
    LZs
  • Acute malnutrition greater than usual and
    increasing
  • Food Access severe entitlement gap, unable to
    meet 2100 kcal ppp day
  • Water Access accessed via livelihood asset
    stripping
  • Destitution/Displacement emerging (Mudug, Nugal
    regions)
  • Coping distress strategies with increasing
    trend
  • Livelihood Assets accelerated and critical
    depletion
  • Main Causes
  • Four consecutive seasons of poor rainfall leading
    to
  • consecutive seasons of poor pasture and water
    conditions
  • limited livestock production and high livestock
    off-take
  • High food and non-food prices, higher than normal
    water costs
  • Reduced household income

22
Summary Progression of Rural IPC Situation
  • Key IPC Reference Outcomes
  • AFLC with moderate risk to HE Poor (100)
    population in Nugal Valley
  • Acute malnutrition greater than usual and
    increasing
  • Food Access lack of entitlement, 2100 kcal ppp
    day via livelihood asset stripping
  • Water Access accessed via livelihood asset
    stripping
  • Destitution/Displacement emerging
  • Coping distress strategies with increasing
    trend
  • Livelihood Assets accelerated and critical
    depletion
  • Main Causes
  • Two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall leading
    to
  • consecutive seasons of poor pasture and water
    conditions
  • limited livestock production and high livestock
    off-take
  • High food and non-food prices, higher than normal
    water costs
  • Reduced household income

23
IPCEstimated Rural Population in AFLC HE
24
IPCEstimated Rural Population in AFLC HE
25
IPCEstimated Urban Population in AFLC HE
26
  • The End
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