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Continued breastfeeding and child growth in the second year of life: a prospective cohort study in W

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Continued breastfeeding and child growth in the second year of life: a ... Weaning is defined as the ceasing of breastfeeding in this study. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Continued breastfeeding and child growth in the second year of life: a prospective cohort study in W


1
Continued breastfeeding and child growth in the
second year of life a prospective cohort study
in Western Kenya
  • Presented by
  • Kemlyn Conliffe

2
Introduction
  • Several organizations, such as World Health
    Organization (WHO) and other United Nations
    agencies, recommend that children should be
    breastfed.
  • After 6 months of breastfeeding, adequate foods
    should be added to the childs diet until they
    are 2 years old.

3
Hypothesis
  • It was believed that breastfeeding during the
    second year of life promotes child growth.

4
Procedures
  • Several fieldworks were trained to take the
    weight and length of all the participants of the
    study.
  • Weight was measured using an electronic scale and
    length was measured on Shorr Board.
  • Measurement were taken at baseline(November,1995)
    and at final assessment (May,1996)

5
Procedures contd
  • At baseline and final assessment, three height
    measurements were taken and averaged and two
    weight measurements were taken and averaged.
  • Anthropometric indicators were obtained using
    data from the National Center for Health
    Strategies (NCHS).
  • The data obtained from the NCHS gave values which
    were associated with stunting,wasting and
    underweight babies

6
Procedure contd
  • Interviews were done to obtain information about
    the water consumption, sanitation,socioeconomic
    status of the household, parental age and
    education and child feeding and morbidity.
  • Dietary data was collected every 3 weeks .
  • Each child was given free health care and
    illnesses were monitored as well.

7
Procedure contd
  • Weaning is defined as the ceasing of
    breastfeeding in this study.
  • Children who were breastfed for less than half
    of the study were considered as having a short
    duration breastfeeding.
  • Those breastfed throughout the study were
    considered long duration breastfeeding.
  • Intermediates were considered to be medium
    duration breastfeeding.

8
Results
9
Table1 Baseline characteristics of children lost
to follow up and final sample
10
Table 1 contd
11
Table 2 Household and maternal characteristics
by breastfeeding category.
12
Table 2 contd
13
Table 2 contd
14
Table 3 Characteristic of children and baseline
anthropometry and growth by breastfeeding category
15
Table 3 contd
16
Conclusion
  • It was observed that mothers of higher
    socioeconomic status breast fed their children
    less, lowering the weight and length.
  • Weaning was done due to illness or subsequent
    pregnancies.
  • Limitations were the physiological benefits such
    as closer mother-child relationships.

17
Conclusion contd
  • Breastfeeding is a biological process that
    promotes good maternal and child health.
  • Increased water use indicated that more food was
    prepared ,therefore the frequency of child
    feeding was greater. It also indicated a greater
    degree of cleanliness.
  • Results suggest that breastfeeding in the second
    year contributes to linear growth.
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