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Development and Evaluation of a LMS: A Pilot Study

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Title: Development and Evaluation of a LMS: A Pilot Study


1
Development and Evaluation of a LMS A Pilot
Study
  • R. Orçun Madran
  • Baskent University, Turkey
  • omadran_at_baskent.edu.tr
  • Yasemin Gülbahar
  • Baskent University, Turkey
  • gulbahar_at_baskent.edu.tr
  • Filiz Köse
  • Baskent University, Turkey
  • filizk_at_baskent.edu.tr

2
Introduction
  • E-learning Web Internet
  • Learning Management Systems are tools that makes
    easier the components of teaching-learning
    process by the integration of technology
  • the functions of such systems vary tremendously
  • meet expectations in different situations in
    accordance with the needs of both learners and
    instructors

3
Features of LMS
  • User, course and resource management
  • Online courses with multimedia rich content
  • Online communication tools
  • Self-tracking system with various report options
  • Evaluation options like exams, e-portfolios,
    tests, projects etc.
  • Interactivity (Purnell, 2005 Al Madran, 2004
    Türkiye Bilisim Vakfi, 2003).

4
Purpose of the Study
  • Reason is to have full control over the system in
    terms of both content and coding
  • Purpose is to develop a learning management
    system and evaluate its usability upon a pilot
    implementation

5
Method
  • Participants 18 students (9 female and 9 male)
    (3 freshmen, 2 sophomores, 12 juniors and 1
    senior)
  • Instruments
  • The Questionnaire for Evaluation the Usability of
    a Learning Management System
  • composed of four parts addressing content, visual
    adequacy, technical adequacy and support tools
    (course, communication and evaluation)
  • The questionnaire composed of 6 questions for
    demographics, 16 questions for content, 10
    questions for visual adequacy, 13 questions for
    technical adequacy and 15 questions for support
    tools.
  • Perceptions on E-Learning
  • Six open-ended questions

6
Research Questions
  • What are the general thoughts of learners about
    e-learning and Sanal Kampüs (Virtual Campus)?
  • How the participants evaluated the learning
    management systems usability in terms of
    content, visual adequacy, technical adequacy and
    support tools (course, communication and
    evaluation)?
  • What are the perceptions of participants about
    the learning management system in terms of
    content in general, top three features favored,
    suggestions for being more effective and barriers
    of usage?

7
The Learning Management System
  • Sanal Kampüs (version 1.0) is originally
    developed by the researchers
  • http//bote.baskent.edu.tr
  • The system composed of two distinct structures
  • Management part is mainly based on PHP and MySQL
  • Content presentation part is based on Flash and
    XML

8
Sanal Kampüs Home Page
9
Sanal Kampüs Home Page
10
Sanal Kampüs Courses Page
11
Sanal Kampüs Sample Syllabus
12
Sanal Kampüs Sample Course Content
13
Results General Thoughts of Learners About
E-Learning And Sanal Kampüs
14
Results - Evaluation of Usability
  • Mean of items related with the content was 4,07.
    The most valued ones are
  • A clear language was used to present content.
    (M4,22)
  • The narrations in videos were parallel with the
    content. (M4,33)
  • Visual elements used in the system were parallel
    with the topic. (M4,44)

15
Results - Evaluation of Usability
  • Mean value for items related with visual adequacy
    was found to be 4,22. The following items were
    most valued.
  • There is no readability problem in the system.
    (M4,56)
  • Font styles used in the system can easily be
    read. (M4,44)
  • Font sizes used in the system can easily be read.
    (M4,50)

16
Results - Evaluation of Usability
  • Mean value for items related with technical
    adequacy was found to be 3,94. The most valued
    items are
  • The system positively affects students
    achievement. (M 4,28)
  • The system runs without any faults. (M4,17)
  • The system provides users easy navigation. (M
    4,22)

17
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • How did you feel while using e-learning method?
  • Some participants stated that they feel
    themselves independent and free, whereas some
    other feel anxiety. Some stated that they were
    happy that they engage in a real life experience.
    Few of the participants pointed out that they
    felt responsible themselves while using the
    system

18
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • What are your personal opinions about the
    strongest and weakest points of e-learning
    method?
  • Strongest points unbounded information, taking
    individual responsibility, learn at their own
    pace, being independent from time and place,
    having multimedia features, accessibility,
    communication tools and appropriate content
  • Weakest points speed of Internet connection,
    technical problems, socialization, keeping the
    system up-to-date, organizing effective
    discussions, lack of knowing each other, system
    security and lack of active participation

19
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • What are your thoughts on the content presented
    on the e-learning environment?
  • Some participants favored the content due to
    having important points and tips, whereas others
    stated that they found the content as a summary
    and asked more detailed information

20
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • What were the top three features of Sanal
    Kampüs that you favored?
  • From mostly favored to least as effective
    visuals, understandable content, easy of use,
    simple interface, effective navigation,
    accessibility and note-taking feature

21
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • What are your suggestions for making this
    training more effective?
  • detailed content, reward mechanisms,
    audio-visual communication, become widespread,
    active participation, course diversity,
    accessibility from different platforms,
    accessible information about participants,
    increased interactivity and evaluation options

22
Results Perceptions of participants about Sanal
Kampüs
  • Have you ever faced difficulties while using
    Sanal Kampüs? Please state them.
  • No major problems stated. Just few of them
    maintained some technical problems like low speed
    Internet connection and personal hardware
    problems

23
Conclusion
  • The Sanal Kampüs project, designed and
    developed by the researchers, is in its first
    phase.
  • There will be many other phases in order to
    enrich the system with many features to make it
    more effective.
  • Thus, the developments and updates to the system
    will continue upon the findings from this
    research and feedbacks gathered during future
    implementations.

24
References
  • Al, U. Madran, O. (2004). Web Tabanli Uzaktan
    Egitim Sistemleri Sahip Olmasi Gereken
    Özellikler ve Standartlar. Bilgi Dünyasi, 5(2),
    259-271.
  • Carr-Chellman , A. A. (2006). Desperate
    Technologists Critical Issues in E-Learning and
    Implications for Higher Education. Journal of
    Thought, 41(1), 95-119.
  • Hardaway, D. E. Scamell, R. W. (2005). Use of a
    Technology-Mediated Learning Instructional
    Approach For Teaching an Introduction to
    Information Technology Course. Journal of
    Information Systems Education, 16(2), 137-145.
  • Horton, W. (2000). Designing Web-based Training.
    USA John Wiley Sons, Inc.
  • Huang, H. (2002). Student Perceptions in an
    online mediated environment. International
    Journal of Instructional Media, 29(4), 405-422.
  • Jung, I. (2001). Building a theoretical framework
    of web-based instruction in the context of
    distance education. British Journal of
    Educational Technology, 32(5), 525-534.
  • Lim, C. P. (2004). Engaging learners in online
    learning environments. TechTrends, 48(49, 16-23.
  • Purnell, J. (2005). E-Learning Virtual Schools
    Giving Students and Teachers an Edge. Media
    Methods, 42(1), 28-29.
  • Türkiye Bilisim Vakfi (TBV) (2003). e-Ögrenme
    Kilavuzu, Sürüm 1. Retrieved from
    http//www.tbv.org.tr/TBV/Documents/EgitimveBilisi
    m/UzaktanEgitimKlavuzu.pdf on 10 August, 2006.
  • Yildirim, A. Simsek, H. (1999). Sosyal
    Bilimlerde Nitel Arastirma Yöntemleri. Ankara
    Seçkin Yayinevi.
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