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Biotechnology and Bioethics

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Class 9 Fukuyama 1&2 2/1/06. Biotechnology and Bioethics ... Racists and Bigots. Slavery. Hitler. 1924 Immigration Act northern to southern Europe ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biotechnology and Bioethics


1
Biotechnology and Bioethics
Biotechnology and SocietyBIS 411 Monday and
Wednesday 330-535UW1-020
Class Number 9 February 1, 2006 Fukuyama
Chapters 1 2
2
Why this course?
Intersection of biology, society and politics
3
Francis Fukuyamas Books
  • The End of History and the Last Man (1993)
  • Trust The Social Virtues and the Creation of
    Prosperity (1996)
  • Our Posthuman Future (2002)

4
The End of History??
  • Fukuyama published The End of History? in 1989
  • Arguing what?
  • Hegel had been right history ended in 1806
  • Nothing much after that?
  • No political progress after French Revolution
    Napoleon's victory in the Battle of Jena
  • Communism collapse in 1989 signaled what?
  • Convergence toward liberal democracy that
    invisible hand

5
No End of History.
  • No end of science
  • No end of advances in technology
  • Civilizations key vulnerabilities
  • Science and technology
  • Good uses to destructive uses
  • What we need?
  • Greater Political control over the uses of
    sciences and technology

6
Recent History.
  • George Orwells 1984 (1949)
  • Information technology
  • Telescreen Big Brother
  • No privacy Ministry Truth and Love
  • Aldous Huxleys Brave New World (1932)
  • Biotechnology
  • Genetic engineering
  • The drug soma
  • Feelies - Implanted electrodes

7
Chapter 1
A Tale of Two Dystopias
8
Correct ???
  • George Orwells 1984 (1949)
  • NO?
  • Information technology freedom
  • PC more info on government
  • Big Brother back? total info system
  • Aldous Huxleys Brave New World (1932)
  • Yes Force no good
  • Satisfaction of desire

9
What is a human??
  • Aldous Huxleys Brave New World (1932)
  • Unnatural?
  • What is a natural human?
  • Human nature
  • Accept our destiny as creatures who modify
    themselves?

10
Human Nature?
  • Defining
  • Right and wrong
  • Just and unjsut
  • Important and unimportant
  • Will Biotechnology alter human nature?
  • Human nature exists and is a meaningful concept

11
Biotechnology
  • Different
  • Mixes obvious benefits
  • Such as ??
  • With subtle harm in one seemless package ..
  • Such as ??

12
Medical / Biotech Bargains
  • Longer life reduced mental capacity
  • Freedom from depression lack of creativity or
    spirit
  • What we achieve and what the drug did (sports??)
    (intellect??)

13
Three Scenarios
  • Brain drugs beyond Prozac and Ritalin
  • Stem cells and new organs aging? Getting out of
    the way
  • Wealthy - Screen embryos looks or intelligence
    organs??

14
Human Equality?
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Natural human equality
  • Pursuit of happiness?

15
Solution?
  • Political
  • Regulate biotechnology
  • National and international regulation
  • Pros ---
  • Cons ---

16
Religions Place?
  • Reasons to control beyond religion
  • Debate over abortion
  • Aristotle human rights can be understood
    along with human nature
  • There are rights and wrongs
  • Definition of rights based on human nature

17
Political Institutions
  • Nazi Regime biology was everything
  • Communism biology was nothing
  • Liberal democracy says battle it out
  • Ethical and political issues

18
Chapter 2
Sciences of the Brain
19
Political Implications
  • Scientific Advances have potential political
    implications
  • Name some ---

20
Nature vs Nurture
  • In human behavior
  • Growth
  • Intelligence
  • Personality
  • Sexuality

21
Racists and Bigots
  • Slavery
  • Hitler
  • 1924 Immigration Act northern to southern
    Europe
  • Intelligence testing - army

22
Head Size??
  • Franz Boas
  • Head size and intelligence of immigrant children
    converged with native born based on diet

23
Culture or Genes?
  • Twin studies
  • Strong correlation of behavior
  • Color hardwired
  • Fundamentals of language
  • Blood type
  • Sickle-cell anemia

24
Habitability of Intelligence
  • Largely or not so largely??
  • Bell Curve large (race)
  • Environment
  • Toxicology (not mentioned)
  • Politics right vs left

25
Eugenics
  • a science that deals with the improvement (as by
    control of human mating) of hereditary qualities
    of a race or breed
  • Francis Galton 1883
  • Karl Pearson Galton Professor of Eugenics at
    University College, London
  • Pearsons r correlation

26
Intelligence and heredity
  • Seems to be some link
  • How much??
  • 40-50
  • Environment toxicology and nutrition
  • No support for difference in race

27
Genetics and Crime
  • Young males 15-25 every society studied
  • Chimps too
  • Some animal data
  • Likely link

28
Genes and Sexuality?
  • Homosexuality
  • Politics
  • Religion
  • Genes never 100 of anything
  • Therapy for gayness??
  • Thought experiment ---
  • Does gayness add to human dignity human
    nature???

29
Biotechnology and Bioethics
Questions or Comments?
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