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Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA


An information portal that monitors trends and performance of the South African ... Battling to reduce backlogs - too many new cases are coming in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA

Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA
  • Presentation to the Portfolio Committee on
  • Anton du Plessis and Makubetse Sekhonyane
  • 05 November 2005

The Criminal Justice Monitor (CJM)
  • An information portal that monitors trends and
    performance of the South African Police Service,
    the Department of Justice and Correctional
  • What is the Criminal Justice Monitor?
  • The CJM is an independent source of information
    for both the public and the state on crime, the
    criminal justice system, and public opinion.
  • Through its website, regular seminars, and
    written materials, it will engender intelligent
    public debate and inform policy makers.

CJM (Cont)
  • How does it work?
  • The CJM involves three main streams of activity
  • Compiling and analysing a regular flow of
    statistical information from all stages of the
    criminal justice process.
  • The creation and monitoring of several Sentinel
    Sites in areas around the country, where data on
    criminal justice functioning can be gathered
  • Continuous review of all relevant policy and

CJM (Cont)
  • How can the CJM help the Correctional Service?
  • The CJM can assist in the setting of performance
    measurement indicators and targets. For example,
    the time use study will provide data vital to the
    creation of benchmarks.
  • The CJM can assist in developing and updating the
    DCS Strategic Plan by providing information and
    analysis for the whole criminal justice system.
  • The CJM can assist in continuously assessing
    public opinion of corrections and levels of
    client satisfaction, which will help inform and
    gauge service standards.

Crime trends what the statistics show
Crimes recorded by SAPS, 1994/95-2003/04
Reporting of crime to the police, 2003
Responses to crime
How is the state responding?
  • Past 5 years - focus on law enforcement
  • Police Operation Crackdown
  • Justice improving court efficiency focus on
    organised crime
  • Corrections trying to cope with increasing
    numbers of inmates
  • More recently - signs of move towards more
    preventive approach
  • emphasis on rehabilitation of prisoners
  • diversion of young offenders
  • moral regeneration campaign

South African Police Services
Police the numbers issue
Increasing police numbers
  • One sworn cop for every 439 South Africans
  • Plans to increase this by 40 500 by 2005
  • One cop for every 373 citizens
  • About 13 500 cops would need to be trained per
  • Basic training has been streamlined to meet
  • Capacity exists for training only 8 000 per year
    - quality of field supervision mentoring new

Main policing challenges
  • Quality and use of resources
  • On paper, SAPS is not under-resourced
  • Personnel vehicular coverage is more a matter
    of quality, distribution use, than numbers
    often basic skills equipment are lacking
  • Operational supervision management of a huge
    organisation (130 000 in 2003)
  • Training in use of force when making an arrest
  • Improving perceptions and service delivery
  • Monitoring and dealing with misconduct, torture,
  • Reducing corruption
  • Better response times and visibility
  • Focus on public contact situations

Justice and Constitutional Development
Cases processed by the prosecution, 1996-2002
Average time accused are imprisoned awaiting
Challenges for the courts
  • Battling to reduce backlogs - too many new cases
    are coming in
  • Convictions as a proportion of cases referred to
    court are low (35 average in 2002) especially
    for serious violent crimes
  • However, conviction rates of cases that go to
    trial are high (-80)
  • Too many cases are withdrawn by courts
  • Courts remain a bottleneck in the criminal
    justice process
  • Rising numbers of awaiting trial prisoners
  • Increase in the average period awaiting trial
    prisoners incarcerated

Courts achievements
  • Reduced turnaround time of cases, especially for
    sexual offences
  • Increased the number of finalised trials
  • Increased average court hours
  • Scorpions and Asset Forfeiture continued to
    perform well
  • Established over 50 sexual offences courts
  • Appointed many maintenance officers
  • Diverted over 30 000 child offenders

Department of Correctional Services
DCSs budget 2004/5 - 2006/7
What are the resources?
  • There are 239 prisons
  • 137 Male prisons
  • 72 men and women
  • 8 Women prisons
  • 13 Juvenile centres
  • 20 farm prisns
  • 2 private prisons
  • The cell accommodation is at 114 000
  • DCS employs 35 000 people (managers, admin and
    correctional officials
  • Projected population in 2006/7 - 208 000 in a
    cell accommodation of 120 000

What is the workload?
  • ATDs increased by over 50 between 1994-2003
    sentenced by 42
  • No. of children (lt18 years) in prison increased
    by 161 between June 1995 June 2002
  • Undocumented migrants
  • The increase in prisoners dying of natural death
  • Lack/loss of specialised personnel (medical,
    psychologists etc)

Corrections key issues
  • Impact of police and courts on Corrections
  • Reducing overcrowding
  • Build extra prisons
  • Use of alternatives to imprisonment
  • Early releases
  • Rehabilitation of prisoners
  • Repeat offending
  • Awaiting trial population/undocumented migrants
  • Reintegration (Restorative justice, after care
    and supervision)

International incarceration rates, 2002
Resources vs workload in the prisons
Challenges for prisons
  • Reducing overcrowding
  • Reducing levels of repeat offending
  • Reducing corruption
  • Rehabilitation
  • Lobbying police and courts to adopt a more
    integrated approach to criminal justice
  • Implementation of the new parole policy

Challenges (Cont..)
  • Care of offenders (health, physical and mental
    care) vs resources
  • Aligning the white paper with the legislation
  • Women with children in prisons
  • Children in prisons (Child Justice Bill)
  • The impact of minimum sentencing legislation and
    new sentencing jurisdiction of courts

Achievements overall since 1994
  • Many new policies and laws to deal with crime
  • Crime prevention policing
  • Organised crime
  • Terrorism
  • Sexual offences and domestic violence
  • Firearms
  • Childrens rights
  • Corruption (the Jali commission, SIU)
  • New parole policy

Achievements overall since 1994 (cont)
  • Mechanisms in place for oversight of policing
  • Substantial organisational transformation in the
  • Many state and civil society partnerships to deal
    with crime and strengthen the CJS

Thank you
  • Institute for Security Studies
  • http//