Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1386ce-YjI1Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA

Description:

An information portal that monitors trends and performance of the South African ... Battling to reduce backlogs - too many new cases are coming in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:81
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 31
Provided by: Kubz
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA


1
Crime, crime prevention and corrections in SA
  • Presentation to the Portfolio Committee on
    Corrections
  • Anton du Plessis and Makubetse Sekhonyane
  • 05 November 2005

2
The Criminal Justice Monitor (CJM)
  • An information portal that monitors trends and
    performance of the South African Police Service,
    the Department of Justice and Correctional
    Services.
  • What is the Criminal Justice Monitor?
  • The CJM is an independent source of information
    for both the public and the state on crime, the
    criminal justice system, and public opinion.
  • Through its website, regular seminars, and
    written materials, it will engender intelligent
    public debate and inform policy makers.

3
CJM (Cont)
  • How does it work?
  • The CJM involves three main streams of activity
  • Compiling and analysing a regular flow of
    statistical information from all stages of the
    criminal justice process.
  • The creation and monitoring of several Sentinel
    Sites in areas around the country, where data on
    criminal justice functioning can be gathered
    longitudinally.
  • Continuous review of all relevant policy and
    legislation.

4
CJM (Cont)
  • How can the CJM help the Correctional Service?
  • The CJM can assist in the setting of performance
    measurement indicators and targets. For example,
    the time use study will provide data vital to the
    creation of benchmarks.
  • The CJM can assist in developing and updating the
    DCS Strategic Plan by providing information and
    analysis for the whole criminal justice system.
  • The CJM can assist in continuously assessing
    public opinion of corrections and levels of
    client satisfaction, which will help inform and
    gauge service standards.

5
Crime trends what the statistics show
6
Crimes recorded by SAPS, 1994/95-2003/04
7
Reporting of crime to the police, 2003
8
Responses to crime
9
How is the state responding?
  • Past 5 years - focus on law enforcement
  • Police Operation Crackdown
  • Justice improving court efficiency focus on
    organised crime
  • Corrections trying to cope with increasing
    numbers of inmates
  • More recently - signs of move towards more
    preventive approach
  • emphasis on rehabilitation of prisoners
  • diversion of young offenders
  • moral regeneration campaign

10
South African Police Services
11
Police the numbers issue
12
Increasing police numbers
  • One sworn cop for every 439 South Africans
  • Plans to increase this by 40 500 by 2005
  • One cop for every 373 citizens
  • About 13 500 cops would need to be trained per
    year
  • Basic training has been streamlined to meet
    demand
  • Capacity exists for training only 8 000 per year
    - quality of field supervision mentoring new
    intake?

13
Main policing challenges
  • Quality and use of resources
  • On paper, SAPS is not under-resourced
  • Personnel vehicular coverage is more a matter
    of quality, distribution use, than numbers
    often basic skills equipment are lacking
  • Operational supervision management of a huge
    organisation (130 000 in 2003)
  • Training in use of force when making an arrest
  • Improving perceptions and service delivery
  • Monitoring and dealing with misconduct, torture,
    abuses
  • Reducing corruption
  • Better response times and visibility
  • Focus on public contact situations

14
Justice and Constitutional Development
15
Cases processed by the prosecution, 1996-2002
16
Average time accused are imprisoned awaiting
trial
17
Challenges for the courts
  • Battling to reduce backlogs - too many new cases
    are coming in
  • Convictions as a proportion of cases referred to
    court are low (35 average in 2002) especially
    for serious violent crimes
  • However, conviction rates of cases that go to
    trial are high (-80)
  • Too many cases are withdrawn by courts
  • Courts remain a bottleneck in the criminal
    justice process
  • Rising numbers of awaiting trial prisoners
  • Increase in the average period awaiting trial
    prisoners incarcerated

18
Courts achievements
  • Reduced turnaround time of cases, especially for
    sexual offences
  • Increased the number of finalised trials
  • Increased average court hours
  • Scorpions and Asset Forfeiture continued to
    perform well
  • Established over 50 sexual offences courts
  • Appointed many maintenance officers
  • Diverted over 30 000 child offenders

19
Department of Correctional Services
20
DCSs budget 2004/5 - 2006/7
21
What are the resources?
  • There are 239 prisons
  • 137 Male prisons
  • 72 men and women
  • 8 Women prisons
  • 13 Juvenile centres
  • 20 farm prisns
  • 2 private prisons
  • The cell accommodation is at 114 000
  • DCS employs 35 000 people (managers, admin and
    correctional officials
  • Projected population in 2006/7 - 208 000 in a
    cell accommodation of 120 000

22
What is the workload?
  • ATDs increased by over 50 between 1994-2003
    sentenced by 42
  • No. of children (lt18 years) in prison increased
    by 161 between June 1995 June 2002
  • Undocumented migrants
  • The increase in prisoners dying of natural death
  • Lack/loss of specialised personnel (medical,
    psychologists etc)

23
Corrections key issues
  • Impact of police and courts on Corrections
  • Reducing overcrowding
  • Build extra prisons
  • Use of alternatives to imprisonment
  • Early releases
  • Rehabilitation of prisoners
  • Repeat offending
  • Awaiting trial population/undocumented migrants
  • Reintegration (Restorative justice, after care
    and supervision)

24
International incarceration rates, 2002
25
Resources vs workload in the prisons
26
Challenges for prisons
  • Reducing overcrowding
  • Reducing levels of repeat offending
  • Reducing corruption
  • Rehabilitation
  • Lobbying police and courts to adopt a more
    integrated approach to criminal justice
  • Implementation of the new parole policy

27
Challenges (Cont..)
  • Care of offenders (health, physical and mental
    care) vs resources
  • Aligning the white paper with the legislation
  • Women with children in prisons
  • Children in prisons (Child Justice Bill)
  • The impact of minimum sentencing legislation and
    new sentencing jurisdiction of courts

28
Achievements overall since 1994
  • Many new policies and laws to deal with crime
  • Crime prevention policing
  • Organised crime
  • Terrorism
  • Sexual offences and domestic violence
  • Firearms
  • Childrens rights
  • Corruption (the Jali commission, SIU)
  • New parole policy

29
Achievements overall since 1994 (cont)
  • Mechanisms in place for oversight of policing
  • Substantial organisational transformation in the
    CJS
  • Many state and civil society partnerships to deal
    with crime and strengthen the CJS

30
Thank you
  • Institute for Security Studies
  • http//www.iss.co.za
About PowerShow.com