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Renaissance Theater

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... stood in the courtyard or sat on benches on the balconies above the yard. ... level was another curtained inner stage fronted by two windows and a balcony. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance Theater


1
Renaissance Theater
  • Renaissance theater of the nobility was comprised
    of elaborate spectacles called masques.
  • Masques were performed in the ballrooms of courts
    with elaborate scenery and costumes.
  • No expense was spared.
  • Stories were incidental.

2
Renaissance Theater
  • Before 1576 there were no formal theaters for the
    masses in London
  • The inner courtyards of inns were used as
    theaters.
  • A platform was placed over the watering troughs
    just outside the stables at one end of the
    courtyard. The spectators either stood in the
    courtyard or sat on benches on the balconies
    above the yard. This layout was the model for
    the later formal theaters.

3
Renaissance Theater
  • The first theater was called simply The Theatre
    and was built by James Burbage in 1576.
  • Within a few years other theaters arose.the
    Curtain, the Rose, the Swan, Hope, Fortune, and
    most importantly, the Globe.

4
Elizabethan Theaters
5
Elizabethan Theaters
6
Sketch of the Swan
7
The Globe
  • Opened in 1599 with Julius Caesar as one of its
    first productions.
  • The plays were acted by the Lord Chamberlains
    men, later known as the Kings Men. Shakespeare
    was an actor in this company.

8
The Globe
9
The Globe
10
The Globe
  • Hexagon with an inner court about 55 feet across.
  • Platform stage stretched halfway into this court.
  • The audience either stood in the open courtyard
    -- the pit -- or sat in one of three
    semi-circular galleries.

11
The Globe
  • More than 1500 people could crowd into the
    theater.
  • At the first level of the stage house were the
    platform stage and and inner curtained stage
    flanked by two doors.
  • At the second level was another curtained inner
    stage fronted by two windows and a balcony.
  • On the third level was a small music gallery.

12
The Globe
  • On the roof was a flag (flown when a play was to
    be performed) facilities for shooting a cannon,
    and over the platform stage a roof through which
    characters could be lowered by crane to the
    stage.
  • With so many stage spaces, the multiple scenes of
    Shakespeares plays could be played without
    interruption for scenery changes. The action
    moved from one playing space to another.

13
Other Playing Spaces
  • There were private theaters at Blackfriars and
    St. Pauls.
  • Masques were usually presented to the court in
    the Great Hall at Whitehall.
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