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City of San Fernando biosphere gasification facility

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Title: City of San Fernando biosphere gasification facility


1
JETBLACK
KENYA LTD
Biosphere Gasification Ecotechnology
Yesterdays waste is tomorrows energy
www.jetblackgroup.com
2
Jetblack Kenya Ltd
  • Jetblack Kenya Ltd is a domestic Corporation
    registered under the laws of Kenya
  • It has been granted the exclusive license to
    deploy, operate, market the Biosphere facilities
    and technology

www.jetblackgroup.com
3
Our Vision (1/2)
  • We envision a Zero Waste Society with a social
    responsibility towards a better future
  • Jetblack Kenya Ltd is a renewable energy
    (Waste-to-Energy) company.
  • Jetblack Kenya Ltds commitment to green energy
    development is based in the founder Elisha
    Keshoneys intention to help solve the problem of
    pollution caused by landfill emissions and the
    effects of fossil fuel used in electricity
    generation.
  • We seek unique partnerships with communities to
    provide environmentally friendly and
    economically advantageous solutions to waste
    disposal and power needs.

www.jetblackgroup.com
4
Our Vision (2/2)
  • Fossil fuels will not last long
  • Preventing global warming
  • Reducing pollution
  • Removing dependency on oil rich countries
  • Helping developing countries to grow
  • Creating green jobs
  • Alternative energy investment benefits
  • Jetblack Kenya Ltd is guided by several reasons
    why the future of the world economy depends on
    renewable energy

www.jetblackgroup.com
5
Our Mission
  • To be the leading renewable energy provider using
    the Biosphere Gasification Technology.
  • To develop strategic partnership with people who
    share our vision.
  • To provide a great opportunity to save our
    planet and get a good return on investment
    capital.

www.jetblackgroup.com
6
Our Values
  • Fostering commitment, teamwork, innovation and
    excellence
  • Develop innovations in pursuit of growth and
    opportunity
  • Caring for the community and for the future

www.jetblackgroup.com
7
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Biosphere Development Corps unique EcoTechnology
    creates electricity by destroying waste in a
    cost-effective manner without polluting the
    environment.
  • The Biosphere Process creates electricity by
    gasifying traditional and non-traditional waste
    materials and/or fossil fuels using extremely
    high temperatures.
  • This process is done in a limited-oxygen
    environment thereby significantly limiting
    atmospheric emissions.
  • Biosphere Development Corp is a world leader in
    the micro-power generation and environmental
    infrastructure market.

www.jetblackgroup.com
8
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Biosphere Process and Technology is a process of
    gasification. It harnesses the calorific value
    (combustibility) of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW)
    to create a heat source that produce super
    heated steam via boiler, which drives a
    combination stream turbine/alternator, generating
    green electricity.
  • The process begins with waste going into the
    Biosphere chamber there beginning the thermal
    transformation into a clean combustible gas
    referred to as syngas.
  • The syngas is used to produce electricity in a
    combined cycle gas/steam turbine. Heat generated
    by the process can be used to produce
    electricity, superheat steam, heat boiler feed
    water and distil desalinate seawater.

www.jetblackgroup.com
9
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The Biosphere and EcoTechnology operates on a
    Zero Waste Philosophy
  • A Zero Waste Philosophy works on the process of
    recycling all feedstock back into nature or the
    marketplace in a manner that protects human
    health and the environment.

www.jetblackgroup.com
10
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The Biosphere Zero Waste Philosophy is
  • The conversion of any carbon-based materials in
    excess of 97
  • Non-Carbon based materials are converted into a
    vitrified glass
  • Molten metals are separated from the glass and
    recovered
  • Non-carbon based feedstock materials are
    converted into saleable products with nothing
    left over
  • The fuel gas produced is much cleaner than
    standard gasification processes and only contains
    traces of some elemental contaminates such as
    articulates, chlorine, sulfur and metals
  • There are no tars, furans and dioxins
  • There is virtually no need for a landfill with
    this process
  • The sole discharge into the air is from the
    turbine , which meets the United States
    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) emission
    standards

www.jetblackgroup.com
11
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • REVENUES
  • Waste tipping and processing fees
  • Sales of by-products and recyclables
  • Electricity Sales
  • Green Energy Credits
  • Biomass Tax Credits

www.jetblackgroup.com
12
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Site Characteristics
  • Accessibility to the commercial industrial and
    residential centers
  • Accessibility to the grid
  • Community resistance to landfills
  • Great demand for green energy
  • Motivated government and industry
  • decision-makers

www.jetblackgroup.com
13
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The Biosphere Process and Technology was invented
    by Dr. Chris McCormack
  • The technology is a gasification process which
    begins with waste going into the Biosphere
    Chamber
  • At the Biosphere Chamber, there beginning the
    thermal transformation which converts into
    combustible gas called Syngas
  • The Biosphere Process has been tested to
    European and US Environment Protection Agency
    (EPA) standards by Bord na Mona Environmental
    Limited
  • This Process meets and exceeds the requirement of
    the newest EPA regulations, the newest European
    Union regulations and all appropriate operations
    and emissions standards in any clients
    jurisdiction

www.jetblackgroup.com
14
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • It is a unique EcoTechnology that creates
    electricity by destroying waste in a
    cost-effective manner without polluting the
    environment
  • Creates electricity by gasifying traditional and
    non-traditional waste materials and/or fossil
    fuel using extremely high temperature
  • Process is done in limited-oxygen environment
    thereby significantly limiting atmospheric
    emissions

www.jetblackgroup.com
15
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • About the Process
  • Gasification of 3000 Degree Fahrenheit
  • Waste is turned into gas under a low
    oxygen/negative atmosphere environment
  • Process is continually monitored using a
    sophisticated proprietary computerized system
  • Because of the very limited amount of oxygen
    injected into the Biosphere, the system meets
    with and exceeds all European and US atmospheric
    emissions standards.

www.jetblackgroup.com
16
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The process is a proven technology which
  • Eliminates solid and liquid waste
  • Reduces landfill volume by 93
  • Consumes 172 tons of waste unit per day
  • Recovers brown field and landfill sites for
    development
  • Generates 7-10 MW continuous power /hour
  • Distills 53,000 gallons of drinkable
    water/unit/hour
  • Produces inert ash sold to commercial and
    industrial market.

www.jetblackgroup.com
17
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Extraction Options
  • The process can reclaim many valuable resources
  • Pozzolanic ash
  • Highalloy steel wire
  • Carbon black
  • Electricity

www.jetblackgroup.com
18
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Biosphere Extraction Options
  • Life Energy's philosophy is to recover as many
    profitable by-products for reuse, depending on
    the demands in the local economy. The Biosphere
    Processing System can reclaim many valuable
    resources
  • Pozzolanic AshPozzolanic ash is the residue
    collected from the Biosphere System. It has
    several commercial uses, including use as a road
    base and as a material for making concrete block.
    When included in cement mix, the ash provides
    iron oxide, silica, and alumina that considerably
    strengthen the cement doing so avoids the cost
    of purchasing these additives separately.
  • High-Alloy Steel WireHigh-alloy steel wire
    extracted from used tires typically contains
    titanium or vanadium and is a cost-effective
    alternative to purchasing these materials
    separately when creating a steel melt that
    requires their inclusion.
  • Carbon BlackBecause of the unique design of the
    Biosphere System, every Biosphere facility that
    disposes tires can produce extremely high-quality
    carbon black. Carbon black is an important filler
    in the rubber industry and next to titanium
    dioxide it is the most important pigment in
    printing inks, toners, single-ply roofing,
    paints, and plastics.
  • ElectricityThe Biosphere System produces 5
    megawatts of electricity an hour which is enough
    to generate enough power to supply about 5,000
    households annually.

www.jetblackgroup.com
19
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The Biosphere Process, safely, efficiently and
    under minimal oxygen conditions, gasifies
    traditional and non-traditional by-products,
    and/or fossil fuels, into electricity and other
    beneficial by-products. The Biosphere Process
    assists in solving the global warming problem by
    converting disposable materials such as
  • INTO CLEAN, GREEN ELECTRICITY, and or PROCESS
    STEAM .
  • Municipal Solid Waste
  • Automobile and Truck Tires
  • Petroleum and Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB)
    Waste
  • Agricultural Surpluses, animal waste or Animal
    Parts Waste and affluents
  • Industrial Waste
  • Sour or Wet Natural Gas without refining
  • Soil-contaminated Waste
  • Land Fill Reclamation
  • Traditional Fossil Fuels, including sulfur
    contaminated coal and untreated Shale Oil
  • Petroleum drilling waste such as oil-contaminated
  • Top Soil, Drill Cuttings and Oil-contaminated
    Ground Water

www.jetblackgroup.com
20
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Electricity 5 to 8 tons of waste per hour which
    can equal 6 MW per hour
  • As a byproduct the system can produce up to 5,000
    gallons per hour of Potable water to World
    Health Standards
  • Production of carbon black, the major ingredient
    used in the printing and cosmetics industries
  • Metal recycling

www.jetblackgroup.com
21
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
  • STAGE 1
  • MATERIAL IS COLLECTED AND BROUGHT TO A CENTRAL
    BIOSPHERE PROCESS FACILITY WHERE THE 100 OF
    THE TOTAL TONNAGE IS PROCESSED.

www.jetblackgroup.com
22
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
  • STAGE 2
  • MATERIAL IS SORTED FOR RECYCLING BY THE
    BIOSPHERE SEPARATOR
  • COMPOST PRODUCTION (20)
  • PLASTIC RUBBER RECOVERY (10)
  • METAL,GLASS, AGGREGATE RECOVERY
  • (3,5,8)
  • MATERIAL PROCESSED TO GENERATE
  • ELECTRICITY
  • OPERATING AT A RATE OF 5-8 TONS/HR EACH
    RECEIVING LINE SEPARATES MATERIAL INTO FEEDSTOCK
    STREAMS COMPRISING PUTRESCIBLE AND
    NON-PUTRESCIBLE MATERIALS IF NECESSARY

www.jetblackgroup.com
23
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
STAGE 3 ALL NON-RECYCLED MATERIAL IS FORCED
THROUGH THE BIOSPHERE DENSIFIER WHICH COMPACTS
THE MATERIAL INTO 20 G OF FLAKES WITH 15-20
MOISTURE (TERMED BIOSPHERE FLAKES) AT THE RATE OF
5-8 TON/HOUR.THESE FLAKES FUEL THE BIOSPHERE
PROCESS.
www.jetblackgroup.com
24
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
  • STAGE 4
  • BIOSPHERE FLAKES ARE FED INTO BIOSPHERE VENTURI
    FLUX AT 3500 DEGREE FAHRENHEIT /2100 DEGREE
    CENTIGRADE.
  • THIS PROCESS PRODUCES INERT GAS WHICH IS THEN
    RECYCLED INTO CONCRETE, MASONRY AND BLACK CARBON.

www.jetblackgroup.com
25
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
STAGE 5 GASIFICATION PRODUCTS IN STAGE FOUR
POWER A GAS TURBINE FOR MICRO POWER GENERATION.
AS A BY-PRODUCT OF ELECTRIC GENERATION,
CONTAMINATED WATER WHICH WAS EMPLOYED INITIALLY
AS A CIRCULATING COOLANT IS DISTILLED BY
EVAPORATION AND CONDENSATION AND COLLECTED AS A
POTABLE WATER.
www.jetblackgroup.com
26
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Five Stages
  • Flux Used to Power Turbine
  • In stage five, the 1832F - 3272F flux
    produced in stage four is used to power a steam
    turbine for micro-power generation. This heat
    then produces a by-product, electricity
    production. The electricity produced can be used
    to power local industry. The high heat can also
    be used for desalination, water purification, air
    conditioning, food processing, etc.

www.jetblackgroup.com
27
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • FEASIBILITY STUDIES COMPLETE
  • Spectrum Blue Steel Corporation has conducted in
    2008 a Feasibility Study to determine the
    feasibility of Biosphere Gasification project in
    the Philippines. A review on the technology,
    available feedstock and existing generation
    assets were conducted.
  • It was determined that with Biosphere Technology
    as a waste disposal process and as a
    waste-to-energy system, the project is viable and
    financially feasible.

www.jetblackgroup.com
28
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The Biosphere Process System, has been tested to
    European and US EPA standards by Bord na Móna
    Environmental Limited.
  • The Biosphere Process System meets and exceeds
    the requirements of the newest EPA regulations,
    the newest European Union regulations and all
    appropriate operations and emissions standards in
    any clients jurisdictions.

www.jetblackgroup.com
29
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Environmental and Public Health
  • Addresses both energy production and waste
    management issues
  • Air emissions are well within prescribed limit
  • No toxic leftovers that require landfill or which
    cause leachate issues
  • NOx and Sox credits from displacing dirty coal
    plants
  • Groundwater and methane avoidance credits from
    displacing landfills
  • Eligible as Renewable Energy Developer as
    Renewable Energy Market (REM)

www.jetblackgroup.com
30
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The results from the extractive monitoring survey
    conducted obtained are compared with guideline
    values and limits referenced from the following
    sources
  •  
  • EPA Integrated Pollution Control Licensing
    Batneec Guidance Note for the Waste Sector
    (Revision 1 May 1996)
  • COUNCIL DIRECTIVE of 8 June 1989 on the
    prevention of air pollution from new municipal
    waste incineration plants (89/369/EEC)
  • COMMON POSITION adopted by the Council with a
    view to adopting Directive 2000//EC of the
    European Parliament and of the Council of on the
    incineration of waste (2000/C 25/02)

www.jetblackgroup.com
31
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The results show that the levels of
    dioxins/furans are below both the Batneec
    guidance value and the pending EU Directive limit
    of 0.1ng (I-TEQ)/m3 by a factor of at least 10.
    There are currently no limits or pending limits
    for the emissions of PCBs, PAHs, chlorobenzenes
    and chlorophenols to atmosphere from thermal
    gasification units. The individual levels of
    these species are low and on many cases below the
    analytical limit of detection.
  • The levels of metals detected are low, with many
    concentrations below the analytical detection
    limit. The metals that were detected include
    iron, zinc, manganese, copper and tin.
    Non-isokinetic sampling was carried out to
    determine levels of hexavalent chromium and these
    were shown to be below the limit of detection.
    With the exception of mercury, there are no
    limits for individual metals. Limits are
    however, set down in each of the three sources,
    that amalgamate certain metals.

www.jetblackgroup.com
32
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • MSW collection and Handlingtraditional
    landfilling

www.jetblackgroup.com
33
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Sorting Options

www.jetblackgroup.com
34
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Range of handling equipment

www.jetblackgroup.com
35
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Range of handling equipment

www.jetblackgroup.com
36
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Range of handling Feedstock

www.jetblackgroup.com
37
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Biosphere Ancillary Equipment

www.jetblackgroup.com
38
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Pellets

www.jetblackgroup.com
39
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • It is the elevated temperature in Chamber 3, 2100
    2500 degree Centigrade that destroys any
    pollutants that might be emitted to the
    atmosphere.
  • This elevated temperature is achieved by the
    careful monitoring of oxygen and temperature
    using the probes installed in Chamber 3.
  • Achieving this elevated temperature is achieved
    by the gasification that takes place in Chamber
    1, the gasification chamber l and the primary
    oxidation that takes place in the primary
    oxidation chamber or chamber 2. As with Chamber
    3, temperature and oxygen concentrations are
    carefully controlled in Chamber 2, with a series
    of ten oxygen and temperature proves.

www.jetblackgroup.com
40
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • The system is maintained at negative pressures by
    the combined use of the induction fan and air
    handling equipment at the rear of the system, and
    the primary and secondary air fans. The operation
    of these fans are controlled by variable speed
    motors that are controlled by our Schneider
    Control package that runs on a Modicon PLC) that
    is windows controlled.
  • Similar oxygen temperature and pressure probes
    are fitted to chamber 3.
  • Primary and secondary combustion air are
    delivered to the chambers through a series of
    plenums and baffles .

www.jetblackgroup.com
41
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Plants are designed, built, delivered,
    commissioned and monitored by Biosphere
    Development Corporation
  • Plants are delivered complete with all required
    machinery, except locally required materials
    handling and electrical substations
  • Plants have been in operation with clients for 5
    years
  • Operational and engineering reports available
  • Plants are designed to operate for 8700 hours per
    annum
  • Programmed maintenance and support takes one hour
    per week

www.jetblackgroup.com
42
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • Plants have a 25 year program life
  • All plants are fully guaranteed and warranted by
    our manufacturer
  • Plants make electricity continually in 6 MW/hour
    increments
  • Plants consume waste in 8 tons per hour
    increments
  • Saleable Byproducts included
  • A 15 MW per hour plant requires 15,000 square
    feet
  • Local civil engineering works are client
    dependant
  • We deliver and install in 12 weeks

www.jetblackgroup.com
43
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Benefits to the
community
Carbon equivalent emissions for four waste
management strategies
www.jetblackgroup.com
44
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology Carbon Credit
Trading
www.jetblackgroup.com
45
The Biosphere and EcoTechnology
  • This presentation has been developed for a
    specific application and not for general use
  • Therefore, it may not be used without the written
    approval of Spectrum Blue Steel Corporation
  • Unapproved use is the sole responsibility of the
    unauthorized user.

THIS PROJECT IS FOR ALL THE CHILDREN OF THE WORLD
www.jetblackgroup.com
46
Contact
  • Elisha Keshoney
  • C.E.O Jetblack Kenya Ltd
  • Address
  • Cannon House,Suite 216,2nd floor Haile Sellasie
    Avenue
  • P.O.Box 6559-0020 Nairobi
  • Phone
  • Office 254 20 214984
  • Cell 254 727255247,722259057
  • Email
  • keshy_at_jetblackgroup.com

www.jetblackgroup.com
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