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Magna Carta

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Pope Clemente V moved the papacy to Avignon in France. A. RESULT This weakened the ... AVIGNON. FRANCE. A. RESULT Weakened church even further. Hundred Years' War ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Magna Carta


1
Magna Carta
2
I. Englands Government - Monarchy
King John of England (1155-1216)
3
  • King John (1199-1216) continually raised taxes
    to finance his failing wars

4
2. The nobles revolted
5
Magna Carta June 15, 1215 written by English
nobles and approved by King John, guaranteed
basic political rights
6
Nobles wanted to protect their rights and limit
the kings powerex. no taxation without
representation a jury trial
protection of the law
7
Basis of English and United States law as well as
the Bill of Rights
8
The Church Divides
9
1300 Pope and Church began to lose power due to
the Bubonic Plague
10
Pope Boniface IV vs. King Philip IV of France
11
Philip refused to obey Boniface and held him
prisoner demonstrating the declining power of the
papacy.
12
Forced the Church to chose a French pope to
replace Boniface after his death.
13
Pope Clemente V moved the papacy to Avignon in
FranceA. RESULT This weakened the Church
14
The Great Schism (1377-1414) after the papacy
returned to Rome, the College of Cardinals was
forced to choose an Italian pope. A French
cardinal claimed to be pope and set up court in
Avignon.
ROME ITALY
AVIGNON FRANCE
15
A. RESULT Weakened church even further
16
Hundred Years War
17
I. 1337-1453 War between France and England
over control of each others throne - Fought
mainly in France
18
1. Joan of Arc 1429 a French peasant girl
believed God had told her free France from
England
19
A. Joan of Arc led the French army into battle
and won the Battle at Orleans, freeing France
from England
20
B. Later she was captured in battle and tried
for being a heretic (someone whose beliefs went
against those of the Catholic Church)
21
A. RESULT Weakened church even further
C. She was condemned as a witch and a heretic
(she claimed to hear voices). She was tied to a
stake and burned to death.
22
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23
2. French knights were helpless against the
longbow during the Hundred Years War. This
brought an end to the power/prestige of knights
and the Age of Chivalry
24
Results of the Hundred Years War decrease in
chivalry and knighthood due to longbow
25
Results of the Hundred Years War increase in
French power monarchy
26
Results of the Hundred Years War Created a
feeling of nationalism (a sense of loyalty
and pride in ones country) in France
27
The end of the Hundred Years War (1453) is
considered the end of the Middle Ages. It is
the end of
Age of Chivalry Age of Faith Age of Feudalism
28
Middle Ages Notesheets- Vocabulary Sheet- The
Middle Ages (500-1500)- Feudalism - Medieval
Life Chart- Chivalry- Manors- Medieval Roman
Catholic Church- Crusades- Later Middle Ages
(1000-1500)- Magna Carta
29
EFFECT
CAUSE
Invention of the Longbow
30
Three-Field System
Fallow

Fallow

Fallow
31
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