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Assessment

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Authentic assessment: assessment based on activities that ... Authentic assessment. Uses children's actual day to day skills ... authentic assessment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Assessment


1
Assessment
2
What are assessments supposed to be used for
  • Group children- reading groups, giving children
    challenging activities.
  • Select instructional material strategies to
    meet goals.
  • Understand the strategies children are using in
    order to build on them.
  • Individual differences/ strategies.

3
Relevant terminologies
  • High stakes standardized measures whose scores
    might determine major decisions about school
    districts (e.g. rating of schools, promotion of
    teachers, retention of students, curriculums to
    be followed, etc.
  • A standardized test a n assessment measure
    commercially prepared and norm-referenced, that
    reports scores in terms of grade level scores and
    percentile ranks.
  • Authentic assessment assessment based on
    activities that represent and reflect the actual
    learning and instruction in the classroom.

4
Advantages of standardized testing
  • Easier for mass administration reporting.
  • Are norm-referenced (go with standards).
  • Test childrens specific skills of literacy.
  • Tell parents teachers where their children are
    compared to other children in the state/country.
  • Assists in teacher accountability- very
    controversial!!!

5
Disadvantages of standardized tests
  • Are norm referenced.
  • Often report an average score.
  • Might not take cultural (ir)relevance into
    consideration- children are tested on same
    material.
  • Lead to high stakes testing (teachers teach for
    the test).
  • Test anxiety.
  • Teachers creativity is thwarted.
  • Often not developmentally appropriate

6
Wrong use of tests
  • Labeling children.
  • Labeling teachers- could argue either way.
  • Use of one test score to make decisions about
    children (grouping, special programs, etc).
  • Using culturally biased tests.
  • Developmentally inappropriate.
  • Not testing goals of curriculum
  • Are not ongoing.

7
Authentic assessment
  • Uses childrens actual day to day skills
    literacy products.
  • Examples include portfolios, work samples,
    observations of children learning/performing in
    their natural setting.

8
Different types of authentic assessment
  • Anecdotal observations- clear goals, focus on one
    skill at a time (oral reading, speaking, etc).
  • Performance samples,
  • Audio- and video-tapes
  • Child self assessment
  • Running record (coding system) to ascertain level
    of reading for child. More focus on this (p. 34).

9
Standards
  • National standards by National Council of Teacher
    Educators (NCTE) International Reading
    Association (IRA) http//www.ncte.org/about/over/s
    tandards/110846.htm
  • MN Language arts standards http//www.education.st
    ate.mn.us/MDE/Academic_Excellence/Academic_Standar
    ds/Language_Arts/index.html

10
FYI
  • Close to 30 percent of American students drop out
    of school, and about 80 percent of them do so
    because they cannot read the material in their
    high school courses. Many of those who manage to
    struggle to the finish line read little better.
    And it is also true that one of the most
    widespread complaints about freshman college
    students, to say nothing of those who do not go
    to college, is that they cannot write
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