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TERENCE

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Part of Scipio's circle of intellectuals ... Involvement: with aristocratic circles ... Terence is believed to have known him. Lucius Aemilius Paulus ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TERENCE


1
TERENCE
  • (185-159)

2
Terentius Afer
3
LIFE
  • Born in Cartage
  • Educated by Terentius Lucanus
  • Part of Scipios circle of intellectuals
  • In 160 T. leaves Rome setting for Greece, and
    never comes back.

4
(No Transcript)
5
LIFE (deconstructed)
  • Cartage cf. Africanus
  • Involvement with aristocratic circles
  • Time of intense Roman contact with mainland Greek
    civilization

6
Terentius Lucanus
  • Senator
  • owned
  • then freed Terence
  • giving him his name

7
Scipio Africanus Minor
  • son of L. Aemilius Paulus,
  • adopted by the older Africanus
  • Terence is believed to have known him

8
Lucius Aemilius Paulus
  • In 168 BCE wins the decisive battle of the Third
    Macedonian War
  • Booty 250 wagons of artifacts
  • Greek art becomes fashionable among aristocracy

9
Cultural background
  • 186 Worship of Bacchus suppressed
  • 173 Epicurean philosophers banished from Rome
  • But not without opposition

10
Plays
  • Andria (166 BCE)
  • Hecyra (165, 160)
  • Heauton Timorumenos (163)
  • Eunuchus (161)
  • Phormio (161)
  • Adelphi (160)

11
Pattern
  • Young man falls in love but cannot marry until
    obstacles are overcome
  • a side-plot
  • Focus on relationships misunderstandings
  • Interest in human nature homo sum humani nil a
    me alienum puto.

12
CONTAMINATION
  • Contaminatio has been practiced by Naevius,
    Plautus and Ennius (An. 15ff)
  • Terences art pleases the elite and he is proud
    of it (Ad. 15 ff)
  • Terence uses in his compositions the method of
    contaminatio, a practice of combining several
    Greek models into one Roman adaptation. Naevius,
    Plautus and Ennius did the same (An. 15ff)

13
Terences audience
  • Luscius of Lanuvium accuses Terence of
    contaminatio and patronage
  • Advocate of fidelity towards Greek sources
  • Language thin and writing slight
  • T. Luscius had a comedy with a flying deer
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